Existing New Testament Manuscripts

Here is a summary of the extant (existing) New Testament manuscripts.

Contents

Summary of New Testament Manuscripts. 1

Partial Listing of New Testament Manuscripts. 1

Comparison with Other Literature. 1

 

 

Summary of New Testament Manuscripts

 

Dates

# Greek copies

Greek Manuscripts

150-200 A.D.

13

p52, p104, p87, p46, p66, p90, p98, p77+p103, p32, p38, 0189, p1, p64. (Since 0212 is the Diatessaron harmony of the gospels. It is arguable whether it should be counted or not; so not counted here.)

201-250 A.D.

15

p111, p4, p24, p75, p137, p45, Green’s Collection #1425, p30, p5, p23, p48, p39, p106, p13, p22

251-299 A.D.

27

p12, p9, p20, p27+p40, p28, p35, p. Antinoopolis 2.54; p69, p70, p80, p95, p101, p107, p108, p109, p113, p114, p133, p135, p53, p49+p65, p47, p115, p15+p16, p17, p110

around 300 A.D.

13

p72, p38, p92, p100, p102, 0162, 0171, 0220, 0232, p7, p18, p35, p115, 0312

301-400 A.D.

20

Vaticanus (B), Sinaiticus, p8, p10, p24, p25, p62, p71, p81, p86, p88, p89, p110, 058, 0185, 0207, 0221, 0228, 0231, 0242

around 400 A.D.

7

p21, p50, p51, p57, p82, p85, 059

401-500 A.D.

36

A, C, D, I, Q 026, T, p14, p93, p112, p127, 048, 062, 068, 069, 077, 0165, 0166, 0172, 0173, 0175, 0176, 0182, 0201, 0216, 0217, 0218, 0226, 0227, 0232, 0236, 0249, 0244, 0252, 0254, 0261, 0274

501-600 A.D.

24+

p11+p14, p33+p58, p36, p76, p83, p84, p105, E 08, H 015, O, P 024, Z, Σ 242, 060, 066, 067, 070, 071, 072, 076, 078, 079, 081, 082, etc.

500-700 A.D.

13+

03, p43, p44, p56, p93, p31, p43, p44, p55, p68?, p76, p97, p116, etc.

9th to 15th cent.

~3000

 

Others > 700 A.D.

2495+

 

Total Greek

5664

There are about 18,336 copies in other languages too.

 

Partial Listing of New Testament Manuscripts

 

Here is a partial listing of the existing New Testament manuscripts.

Date

Name

Preserved Content

117-138 A.D. or

110-125 A.D. (The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts p.367)

p52 (John Rylands) (= Papyrii Rylands 457)

John 18:31-33, reverse side John 18:37-38 (5 verses)

100-150 A.D.

p104 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 4404)

Matthew 21:34-37,43,45(?) Matthew 21:44 was not originally present (5 verses)

c.125 A.D.

p87 - handwriting is nearly identical to p46.

Philemon 13-15,24 (part),25b with gaps (3 verses)

100-150 A.D. (Comfort) 81-96 A.D. (Young Kyu Kim)

p46 (=Chester Beatty II)

 

It has 1,390 verses from Paul and 290 verses from Hebrews. This is 70% of the 2,389 verses in Paul and Hebrews.

Romans 5:17-6:3; 6:5-14; 8:15-25,27-35; 8:37-9:32; 10:1-11:11; 11:24-33; 11:35-15:9; 15:11-16:27; Hebrews 1:1-9:16; 9:18-10:20,22-30; 10:32-13:25 (300/303 verses); 1 Corinthians 1:1-9:2; 9:4-14:14; 14:16-15:15; 15:17-16:22 (all but 5 verses); 2 Corinthians 1:1-11:10,12-21; 11:23-13:13 (all but 3 verses); Ephesians 1:1-2:7; 2:10-5:6; 5:8-6:6, 8-18, 20-24 (all but 5 verses); Galatians 1:1-8; 1:10-2:9, 12-21; 3:2-29; 4:2-18; 4:20-5:17; 5:20-6:8, 10-18 (all but 9 verses); Philippians 1:1, 5-15, 17-28; 1:30-2:12, 14-17; 2:29-3:8, 10-21; 4:2-12, 14-23 (all but 20 verses); Colossians 1:1-2, 5-13, 16-24; 1:27-2:19; 2:23-3:11, 13-24; 4:3-12, 16-18 (all but 16 verses); 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 1:9-2:3; 5:5-9,23-28

100-150 A.D. (Hunger)

or 125-175 A.D. (Philip Comfort and Barrett)

c.200-250 A.D. (Turner due to broad delta, broad theta, narrow alpha, finial end on the crossbar of epsilon, apostrophe between double consonants like other third century manuscripts.

However, we go with Hunger and Philip Comfort because second century manuscripts have been found with these features. This was discovered close to Nag Hamadi (second century). Hunger has found many late first and early second centuries manuscripts that are closer to p66 than 3rd century documents.

p66 (Bodmer II + Inv. NR4274/4296)

808.5 verses, which is 92% of the 879 verses in John

John 1:1-6:11; 6:35b-14:26, 29-30;15:2-26; 16:2-4, 6-7; 16:10-20:20; 20:22-23; 20:25-21:9, 12, 17. (John 7:53-8:11 was never present)

c.172 A.D.

0212

Tatian’s Diatessaron (Harmony of the Gospels) Matthew 27:56; 27:57; Mark 15:40; 15:42; Luke 23:40, 23:49b-c; Luke 23:50, 23:51a, 23:51b, 23:51c, 23:54; John 19:38 (10 verses)

c.175 A.D.

p90 (P. Oxyrhynchus 3523)

John 18:36-19:7 (12 verses)

2nd century

p98 (P.IFAO Inv. 237b [+a]

Revelation 1:13-2:1 (9 verses)

Mid to Late 2nd century

p77 and p103

Matthew 23:30-39; Matthew 13:55-57; 14:3-5 (10 + 6 verses)

150-200 A.D.

p32 (P. Rylands 5) probably from Oxyrhynchus

Titus 1:1-15; 2:3-8 (21 verses)

 

 

 

Late 2nd / early 3rd century

p38 (P. Michigan Inv. 1571)

Acts 18:27-19:6, 12-16 (13 verses)

Late 2nd / early 3rd century

Uncial 0189

Acts 5:3-21 (earliest parchment of the N.T.) (19 verses)

c.200 A.D.

p1 (= p. Oxyrhynchus 2)

Matthew 1:1-9,12,14-20; 2:14? (17 or 18 verses)

Second century

ca.200 A.D.

(150-175 A.D.) Comfort and Barrett

p64 (Magdalen) and p67. All agree these are from the same manuscript.

(p67) Matthew 3:9,15; 5:20-22,25-28

(p64) Matthew 26:7-8,10,14-15,22-23,31-33

(19 verses)

c.215 A.D. or 200-250 A.D.

p111 (= P. Oxyrhynchus 4495)

Luke 17:11-13, 22-23 (5 verses)

Early to mid-2nd century

In 1963 Aland dated it to the third century. However, if it is the same original as p64 and p67 then it would have to be early to mid-2nd century.

p4 (handwriting is the same as p64 and p67.) (Aland disagreed but never gave a reason.) Also, all three have an unusual abbreviation for “Jesus”.). p4 was used as padding for a copy of Philo’s works that was hidden to avoid confiscation in either 292 A.D. or 303 A.D. The Philo Codex was written about 250 A.D.

Luke 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1,6-7; 3:8-4:2,29-32,34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16 (95 verses)

200-225 A.D.

p29

Acts 26:7-8, 20 (3 verses)

175-225 A.D.

(ca 175 A.D.) Comfort and Barrett

p75 (=Bodmer 14/15)

Luke 3:18-22; 3:33-4:2; 4:34-5:10; 5:37-6:4; 6:10-7:32; 7:35-39,41-43; 7:46-9:2; 9:4-17:15; 17:19-18:18; 22:4-24:53 [758 verses of Luke]; John 1:1-11:45, 48-57; 12:3-13:1,8-9; 14:8-29;15:7-8 (Jn 7:53-8:11 never present) [597 verses of John] (1,355 verses total)

2nd or 3d century

p137

Mark 1:7-9,16-18 (6 verses)

200-225 A.D.

p45 (=Chester Beatty I)

Matthew 71 verses

Mark 147 verses

Luke 242 verses

John 84 verses

Acts 289 verses

Much of Acts and the Gospels. Matthew 20:24-32; 21:13-19; 25:41-26:39 [61 verses]; Mark 4:36-5:2; 5:16-26; 5:38-6:3; 2 letters of 6:15; 6:16-25, 36-50; 7:3-15; (7:44 is a bit hard to make out), 7:25-8:1; 8:10-26; 8:34-9:8; 4 letters of 9:9; 9:18-31; 11:27-12:1; 12:5-8,13-19,24-28 [147 verses]; Luke 6:31-41; 6:45-7:7; 9:26-41; 9:45-10:1; 10:6-22; 10:26-11:1; 11:6-25, 28-46; 11:50-12:13 (12:9 was never written); 12:18-37; 12:42-13:1; 13:6-24; 13:29-14:10; 14:17-33 [242 verses]; John 4:51,54; 5:21,24; 10:7-25; 2 complete out of 16 letters of 10:30; 10:31-11:10; 11:18-36,42-57 [84 verses]. Acts 4:27-36; 5:10-20; (8 out of 33 letters in 5:21) 30-39; 6:7-7:2; 7:10-21; 7:32-41; 7:52-8:1; 8:14-15, 8:34-9:6; (8:37 was never written); 9:16-27; 9:35-10:2; 10:10-23, 31-41; 11:2-13; 11:24-12:6; 12:13-22; 13:6-16,25-36; 13:46-14:3; 14:15-23; 15:2-7,9-27; 15:38-16:4; 16:15-21,32-40; 17:9-17) At Acts 15:7 this scribe lost his place and repeated from Acts 15:2. [289 verses]

Early 3rd century

Green Collection #425

Romans 9:18-21, some Romans 10

Early 3rd century (ca.225 A.D.)

p30

1 Thess. 4:12-13, 16-17; 5:3, 8-10, 12-18, 25-28 [19 verses 1 Thess]; 2 Thess. 1:1-2; 2:1, 9-11 [6 verses 2 Thess] (25 verses total)

Early 3rd century

p5 (=papyrus Oxyrhynchus 208 + 1781)

John 1:23-31, 33-40; 16:14-30; 20:11-17, 19-20, 22-25 (47 verses)

ca.200 A.D. (Comfort and Barrett) vs. 3rd century (Aland)

p23 Urbana (=papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1229)

James 1:10-12, 15-18 (7 verses)

c.220 A.D.

p48 (=Firenze bibl. Medicea Laurenziana; PSI 1165)

Acts 23:11-17,25-29 (12 verses)

200-250 A.D

p39

John 8:14-22 (9 verses)

200-250 A.D

p106 (= P. Oxyrhynchus 4445)

John 1:29-35,40-46 (14 verses)

225-250 A.D.

p13 (p. Oxyrhynchus 657 + PSI 1292)

Hebrews 2:14-5:5; 10:8-22; 10:29-11:13; 11:28-12:17 (114 verses)

c.250 A.D.

p22 (=papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1228)

John 15:25-16:2; 16:21-32 (17 verses)

250-251 A.D. Severe Persecution by the Emperor Decius across the entire Roman Empire

285-300 A.D.

p12 (P. Amherst 3b)

Hebrews 1:1 (1 verse)

3rd century

p9 (= papyrus Oxyrhynchus 402)

1 John 4:11-12, 14-17 (6 verses)

3rd century

p20 (=papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1171)

James 2:19-3:2; (6 out of 96 letters of 3:3); 3:4-9)                              (16 verses)

3rd century

p27 + p40 (=papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1355)

(p40) Romans 1:24-27,31-2:3; 3:21-4:8; 6:4-5; (9 out of 55 letters of 6:15), 6:16; 9:17,27.

(p27) Rom 8:12-22,24-27,33-9:3; 9:5-9

3rd century

p28 (=papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1596)

John 6:8-12, 17-22 (11 verses)

3rd century

p35

Matthew 25:12-15,20-23 (8 verses)

3rd century

p Antinoopolis 2.54

Matthew 6:10-12 (Part of the Lord’s prayer) (2 verses)

3rd century

p69

Luke 22:40, 45-48, 58-61. It never contained Luke 22:43-44 (9 verses)

3rd century

p70

Matthew 2:13-16; 2:22-3:1; 11:26-27; 12:4-5; 24:3-6, 12-15 (19 verses)

3rd century

p80 (= P. Barcelona 83)

Matthew 3:34

3rd century

p95 (PL II/31)

John 5:2-29, 36-38

3rd century

p101 (= P. Oxyrhynchus 4401)

Matthew 3:10-12; 3:16-4:3 (8 verses)

3rd century

p107 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 4446)

John 17:1-2,11

3rd century

p108 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 4447)

John 17:23-24; 18:1-5

3rd century

P109 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 4448)

John 21:18-20, 23-25

3rd century

p113 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 4497)

Romans 2:12-13, 19

3rd century

p114 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 4498)

Hebrews 1:7-23

3rd century

p133

1 Timothy 3:13-4:18

3rd century

p138

Luke 18:13-17, 27-30

c.260 The date is based on similarities to Letters of Heroninos date c.260 A.D.

p53 (=p. Michigan Inv. 6652)

Matthew 26:29-40; Acts 9:33-38; 3 letters of the 124 letters in 9:39; 9:40-10:1 (23 verses)

mid-3rd century

p37 (U Michigan Inv. 1570; P. Mich. 137)

Matthew 26:19-52 (34 verses)

 

mid-3rd century

p49 + p65 (=Yale p.415+531 + Firenze. 1st. di Pap. G. Vitelli PSI XIV 1373)

(p49) Eph 4:16-29; 4:31-5:13 (29 verses)

(p65) 1 Th 1:3-2:1; 2:6-13 (19 verses)

250-300 A.D.

p47 (=Chester Beatty III)

Revelation 9:10-11:3; 11:5-16:15; 16:17-17:2 (125 verses)

mid to late 3rd century

p115 (=papyrus Oxyrhynchus 4499)

Revelation 2:1-3, 13-15, 27-29; 3:10-12; 5:8-9; 6:5-6; 8:3-8, 11-13; 9:1-5,7-16,18-21; 10:1-4,8-10,12-17; 13:1-3, 6-16,18; 14:1-3, 5-7, 10-11, 14-15, 18-20; 15:1,4-7 (published in 1999) (119 verses)

late 3rd century

p15/p16 (=p. Oxyrhynchus 1008/1009)

(p15) 1 Cor 7:18-8:4; (p16) Php 3:10-17; 4:2-8 (27 + 15 = 42 verses)

late 3rd century

p17 (= p. Oxyrhynchus.1078)

Hebrews 9:12-19                      (8 verses)

late 3rd century

p110 (=p. Oxyrhynchus 4494)

Matthew 10:13-15, 25-27

 

 

 

c.300 A.D.

p72, somewhat similar handwriting to p50. 1 and 2 Peter have page numbers 1-35. Jude has page numbers 62-68. Also contains the Nativity of Mary, the apocryphal letter of Paul to the Corinthians, the 11th Ode of Solomon, Melito’s Homily on the Passover, part of a hymn, the Apology of Phileas, and Psalm 33 and 34.

1 Peter 1:1-5:14, 2 Peter 1:1-3:18 and Jude 1-25                      (191 verses) (Every verse of those three books)

c.300 A.D.

p38

Acts 18:27-19:6, 12-16            (13 verses)

c.300 A.D.

p64

Mt 3:9,15; 5:20-22,25-28; 26:7f,10,14f,22f,31-33 (14 verses)

ca.300 A.D.

p92

Ephesians 1:10f,11-13,19-21; 2 Thessalonians 1:4-5,11-12 (10 verses)

ca.300 A.D.

p100 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 4449)

James 3:13-4:4; 4:9-5:1

ca.300 A.D.

p102 (= P. Oxyrhynchus 4402)

Matthew 4:11-12,22-23

ca.300 A.D.

0162 (P. Oxyrhynchus 847)

John 2:11-22                            (12 verses)

ca.300 A.D.

0171 (PSI 2.124)

Matthew 10:17-23,25-32; Luke 22:44-50,52-56,61,63-64                  (30 verses)

ca.300 A.D.

0220 (MS 113)

Romans 4:23-5:3,8-13. 100% agrees with Vaticanus except Romans 5:1. (6 verses)

ca.300 A.D.

0232 (P. Antinoopolis 12)

2 John 1-9                               (9 verses)

3rd/4th century?

p7 (=Kiev. Centr. Nauch. Bibl. F.301 (KDA) 553P)

Lk 4:1-3 (3 verses)

3rd/4th century

p18 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 1079)

Revelation 1:4-7                        (4 verses)

3rd/4th century

p35 (=Firenze. Bibl. Medicea Laurenziana; PSI 1)

Matthew 25:12-15, 20-23 (8 verses)

3rd/4th century

Sinaitic Old Syriac

Most of the four Gospels: Mt 1:1-6:10; 7:3-12:4; 12:6-25; 12:29-16:15; 18:11-20:24; 21:20-25:15; 25:17-20,25-26; 25:32-28:7; Mk 1:12-44; 2:21-4:17; 5:1-26; 6:5-16:18; Lk 1:36-5:28; 6:12-24:52; Jn 1:25-47; 2:16-4:37; 5:6-25; 5:46-18:31; 19:40-end).

3rd/4th century

Uncial 0312

Luke 5:23-24,30-31; 7:9,17-18

325-350 A.D.

Vaticanus (B)

Most of the Old Testament and all of the New up to Heb 9:15 (6,979 NT verses)

340-350 A.D.

Sinaiticus (Aleph)

Almost all of the New Testament and half of the Septuagint Old Testament

4th century

p8 (Berlin Staatl. Mus. Inv.8683)

Acts 4:31-37; 5:2-9; 6:1-6,8-15 (29 verses)

4th century

p10 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 209)

Romans 1:1-7 (7 verses)

4th century

p24 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 1230)

Revelation 5:5-8; 6:5-8 (8 verses)

4th century

p62 (Oslo Univ. Inv.1661)

Matthew 11:25-30 (6 verses)

4th century

p71 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 2385)

Matthew 19:10-11,17-18 (4 verses)

Late 4th century

p25 (=Berlin Staatl. Mus. Inv.16388)

Matthew 18:32-34; 19:1-3,5-7,9-10 (11 verses)

 

 

 

4th/5th century

p21 (=P. Oxyrhynchus 1227)

Matthew 12:24-26,32-33 (5 verses)

4th/5th century

p50 (=Yale p.1543)

Acts 8:26-32; 10:26-31 (13 verses)

4th/5th century

p57 (=Vienna, osterr Nat. Bibl p. G.26020

Acts 4:36-5:2; 5:8-10 (7 verses)

c.400 A.D.

p51 (=p. Oxyrhynchus 2157)

Galatians 1:2-10,13,16-20 (15 verses)

400-450 A.D.

Peshitta Syriac

 

500 A.D.

Ethiopic (Geez) Translation

 

507/508 A.D.

Philoxenian Syriac

 

c.450 A.D.

Alexandrinus (= “A”, or Uncial 02)

All of the Old Testament is preserved except Gen 14:14-17; 15:1-5, 16-19; 16:6-9; 1 Sam 12:17-14:9; Ps 19:20-79:11. In the New Testament from Mt 25:7 to the end of Revelation, except (Jn 6:50-8:52; Rom 16:24; 2 Cor 4:13-12:6. It also has 1 Clement and 2 Clement until 12:4. The copyist also messed up in one place and copied Rom 16:25-27 twice. From the apocrypha it contains Daniel, Tobit, Judith, 1 Esdras, 1-4 Maccabees, and Sirach. Psalms of Solomon is in the table of contents but is lost.

5th century

Ephraemi Rescriptus (C)

Mt 1:3-5:14; 7:6-17:25; 18:29-22:20; 23:18-24:9;24:46-25:29; 26:23-27:10; 27:49-28:14; Mk 1:18-6:31; 8:6-12:29; 13:20-16:20 (end); Lk 1:3-2:4; 2:43-3:20; 4:26-6:3; 6:37-7:16; 8:29-12:3; 19:43-20:27; 21:21-22:18; 23:26-24:6; 24:26-53 (end); Jn 1:4-40; 3:34-5:16; 6:38-7:2; 8:35-9:10; 11:8-11:46; 13:8-14:7; 16:22-18:35; 20:26-21:25 (end); Acts !1:3-4:2; 5:35-6:7;6:9-10:42; 13:2-16:36; 20:11-21:30; 22:21-23:17; 24:15-26:18; 27:17-28:5; Rom 1:4-2:4; 3:33-9:5; 10:16-11:30; 13:11-16:27 (end); 1 Cor 1:3-7:17; 9:7-13:7;15:41-1624 (end); 2 Cor 1:3-10:7; Gal 1:21-6:18 (end); Eph 1:3-17; 2:19-4:16; Php 1:23-3:4; Col 1:3-4:18 (end); 1 Th 1:2-2:8; 1 Tim 3:10-5:19; 2 Tim 1:3-4:22 (end); Tt 1:3-3:15 (end); Phm 3-25 (end); Heb 2:5-7:25; 9:16-10:23; 12:16-13:25 (end); Jms 1:3-4:3; 1 Pet 1:3-4:4; 2 Pet 1:2-3:18 (end); 1 Jn 1:3-4:2; 3 Jn 3-14; Jde 3-25; Rev 1:3-3:19; 5:15-7:13; 7:18-8:4; 9:17-10:9; 11:4-16:12; 18:3-19:4. Parts of Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom and Sirach

5th century

(Syriac manuscript # 14,470

Gospels

5th century

p14 (=p. Sinai II, Harris 14)

1 Cor 1:25-27; 2:6-8; 3:8-10,20 (10 verses)

5th century

p93

John 13:15-17

5th century

p127

Acts 10:32-35, 40-45; 11:2-5, 30; 12:1-3, 5, 7-9; 15:29-31, 34-36, (37), 38-41; 16:1-4, 13-40; 17:1-10

5th century

Earliest Sahidic Coptic

Later Sahidic Coptic has every verse of the NT except for: Mt 12:47; 16:2f-3; 17:21; 18:11; 23:14; Mk 9:44-46; 11:26; 15:28; Lk 17:36; 22:43-44; Jn 5:4; 7:53-8:11; Acts 8:37; 15:34; 24:7; 28:29; Rom 16:24

5th century

Curetonian Old Syriac

(photos at http://www.katapi.org.uk/BibleMSS/Curetonian.htm)

Mt 1:1-8:22; 10:32-23:25; Mk 16:17-20; Lk 2:48-3:16; 7:33-15:21; 17:24-24:44; Jn 1:1-42; 3:6-7:37; 14:10-29

5th century

Bezae Cantabrigiensis (D)

Mt 1:21-5:19; 5:21-29;;5:31-6:19; 9:3-33; 9:35-17:37a; 10:38-41a; 410:42-21:43; 21:45-23:13; 23:15-27:1; 27:13,27:15-28:20; all of Mark except 15:28; All of Luke; All of John except Jn 5:4. Some of Acts and 3 John

 

 

 

ca.600 A.D.

p26 (= P. Oxyrhynchus 1354) (SMU Bridwell Libr.)

Romans 1:1-16 (16 verses)

5th/6th century

p54 (Princeton Univ. Lib Garrett 7742, P. Princeton 15)

James 2:16-18,21-26; 3:2-4

5th/6th century

p56 (=Vienna, Osterr nat. bibl p. G.19918)

Acts 1:1,4-5,7,10-11 (6 verses)

5th/6th century

p105

Matthew 27:62-42; 28:1-5

5th/6th century

p94

Romans 6:10-13,19-22

6th century

p2 (=Firenze. Mus. Egizio Inv. 7134)

John 12:12-15 (4 verses)

6th century

p96

Matthew 3:13-15

6th century

Beratinus (Φ)

Matthew 6:2-7:25; 8:8-18:22; 19:4 to end; Mk 1:1-14:61

6th/7th century

p3 (= Vienna Osterr. Nat. Bibli. Pap. G 2323)

Luke 7:36-45; 10:38-42 (15 verses)

6th/7th century

p43 (=London British Library inv.2241)

Revelation 2:12-13; 15:8-16:2 (5 verses)

6th/7th century

p44a (N.Y. Metro. Museum of Art Inv.14.1 527 1 fol.)

John 10:8-14 (7 verses)

6th/7th century

p44b (N.Y. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Inv 14.1 527)

Matthew 17:1-3,6-7; 18:15-17,19; 25:8-10; John 9:3-4; 12:16-18

6th/7th century

p55 (Vienna osterr Nat. Bibl. p. G.26214)

John 1:31-33,35-38

6th/7th century

p94

Romans 6:10-13,19-22

6th/7th century

p97

Luke 14:7-14

7th century

p11

1 Cor 1:17-22; 2:9-12,14; 3:1-3,5-6; 4:3-5:5; 5:7-8; 6:5-9,11-18; 7:3-6, 10-14

7th/8th century

p42

Luke 1:54-55; 2:29-32

8th century

p41

Acts 17:28-18:2; 18:17-18,22-25,27; 19:1-4,6-8,13-16,18-19; 20:9-13,15-16,22-24,26-38; 21:1-4,26-27; 22:11-14,16-17

 

See www.biblequery.org/Bible/BibleReliability/EarlyChristianNTQuotes.html for exactly which New Testament verses are in which manuscripts and early Church writings.


 

Comparison with Other Literature

Aristophanes

450-385 BCE

10

900 CE

Aristotle

364-322 BCE

5

1100 CE

Caedmon’s Hymn 

658-680 CE.

21

700-750 CE.

Demosthenes

400-300 BCE

200

1100 CE

Euripides’ Tragedies (The Origin of the Bible p.182)

480-406 BCE

330

1100 CE

Herodotus

480-425 BCE

27

900 CE

Hesiod Theonomy, Works and Days, Shield

ca.700 BCE

50

1-100 CE

Homer The Iliad.

900//730 BCE

1,757

400 BCE

Note: More copies than any other ancient secular work. 5% of the words in question.

Isidore of Seville

560-636 CE

86+

c.900 CE

Josephus Flavius The Jewish War

85 CE

9 complete mss.

401-500 CE

Jubilees (Jewish apocryphal book)

?

15 (Dead Sea scrolls) + 27 Ge’ez

100 BCE

Julius Caesar The Gallic Wars

100-44 BCE

10

900 CE

Note: only direct evidence we have that Julius Caesar entered Gaul.

Livy History of Rome

27 BCE-17 CE

 

c.1450 CE

Mahabharata (a Hindu scripture)

400 BCE-300 CE

 

80-230 CE by RC dating

Note: 10% of the words in question, but the general meaning is clear.

Old Testament manuscripts

1440-400 BCE

235 among the Dead Sea Scrolls alone

250 BCE

Note: From the Great Isaiah scroll, about 5% of the words are different vs. the Masoretic text. However, most of these are archaic vs. later words and grammar with the same meaning.

Plato

427-347 BCE

7

900 CE

Pliny the Younger

61-113 CE

7

850 CE

Suetonius The Twelve Caesars

70-140 CE

8

950 CE

Tacitus

100 CE

20

1100 CE

Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War

460-400 BCE

8

900 CE

You can see these at: https://biblequery.org/Bible/BibleReliability/ExistingNTManuscripts.html (and .docx)

For a very detailed list of additional authors, see also https://www.tertullian.org/rpearse/manuscripts/greek_classics.htm

References: https://www.toughquestionsanswered.org/2012/12/11/how-do-other-ancient-texts-compare-to-the-new-testament/ and https://truediscipleship.com/manuscript-evidence-for-the-superior-new-testament-reliability/ and The Origin of the Bible. Note that some earlier references have smaller numbers for Demosthenes, Herodotus, Homer, Julius Caesar, Plato, Tacitus, and Thucydides because of more manuscripts subsequently discovered.