Pre-Nicene Teaching on the Holy Spirit Grid – Jan. 2023

Holy Spirit

 

Legend for Cells

H1. Mention of the Holy Spirit Lk 1:67; 3:22; Jn 1:34

H11. Holy Spirit was known in the OT Gen 1:2; Ps 50:13

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

H2. The Holy Spirit is God Acts 5:3-5; 1 Jn 4:12-16

H12. Holy Spirit/Comforter was promised Eph 1:13

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

H3. The Divine Spirit -

H13. The Father sent the Holy Spirit. Jn 14:16,26

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

H4. Person of the Holy Spirit Acts 5:3-5; 15:28

H14. Jesus sent the Holy Spirit. Jn 15:26; 16:7

J = Mentioned as by Jesus, not John

H5. Holy Spirit addressed as “He” Jn 14:17; 16:7,8,13

H15. Paraclete or Holy Spirit already present

Q = Quote of 1 or more verses

H6. Glorify/worship the Holy Spirit -

H16. Spirit was poured out on believers Joel 2:28; Acts 2:17

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

H7. The Spirit is everywhere Ps 139:7-10

H17. Holy Spirit dwells/lives in us 1 Cor 6:19

½  = quote of ½ a verse  A = Allusion

H8. The Holy Spirit is distinct Rev 14:13f; 22:16-17

H18. Life/Live in the Spirit Gal 5:16

P = partial

H9. Holy Spirit called Spirit of truth Jn 14:17; 16:13

H19. We can grieve the Holy Spirit Isa 63:10; Eph 4:30

- = no reference found

H10. Sevenfold spirit or seven spirits Rev 1:4; 4:5; 5:6

H20. Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. Mk 3:29; Lk12:10

X = Disagree     blank = not researched yet

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, white=Christian writer, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, yellow=foreign missions, red=Christians persecuted, brown=Christians persecuting

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

First Christians in Edessa, Osrhoene

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

The Apostle Philip martyred in Hierapolis, Turkey

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

First Christians in Armenia

c.60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

First Christians in England and Glastonbury church.

61

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111-112

Nero blames the Great Fire or Rome on Christians

64

Thousands of Christians in Rome killed

Nero and Domitian persecute Christians

50 & 95/96

est. 500K Christians. Labeled atheists & killed for refusing to worship emperor/idols

Clement of Rome (wrote 1 Clement)

16.25

96/98

W

-

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

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-

Estimated 500K or 800K Christians. World pop. 180M

by 100 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.4 p.126 or World Christian Trends AD 30-2200 AD p.18

First Christians in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Algeria

100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

First [St. Thomas] Christians in Sri Lanka, south of India

c.100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Papias of Hierapolis, disciple of John

2

95-110

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

-

-

-

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“Presbyters” (Papias?)

0.5

-95-117

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Ignatius disciple of John (shortest version)

13

c.100-117

W

-

-

W

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-

W

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-

-

-

-

W

-

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-

Trajan persecutes Christians

107-117

Answered Pliny the Younger’s letter. Christians not hunted, but killed if found.

Didache (=Teaching of the Twelve Apostles)

4.75

c.60-120

W

-

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-

-

-

-

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

First Christians in Dacia (modern Romania)

c.120

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Apology of Aristides (Greek version)

4

125or138-161

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

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Quadratus of Athens fragment (apologist)

.125

126

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

-

-

Epistle of Barnabas

12.5

c.70-130

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

First Christians settle in Moldovia from Romania

130

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Hadrian persecutes Christians and Jews

118 & 134

Hadrian loved Greek culture, and he persecuted both Jewish and Christian people.

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

29

70-135

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

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-

Bar Cochba persecutes Christians

132-135

Christians persecuted in Israel because they would not join Bar Cochba’s revolt.

p52 Jn 18:31-33,37f-38 (5 verses)

-138

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2 Clement (anonymous writer)

5.75

120-140

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p87 Phm 13-15,24-25 (5 verses)

100-150

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-

-

-

-

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-

p46 Chester Beatty II - (70%) Paul, Heb (1,680 verses)

100-150

W

-

-

W

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-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Akhmin Apocalypse of Peter (Greek)

2

135,100-150

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

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-

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-

-

p104 Mt 21:34-37,43-45(?)

150

-

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p98 Revelation 1:13-2:1 (9 verses)

150?

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Antoninus Pius persecutes Christians

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

First churches in Morocco, Portugal, & south Germany

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Polycarp to the Philippians

3.5

100-155

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-

-

-

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-

-

-

-

-

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-

Epistle to Diognetus (=Mathetes to Diognetus)

5.25

c.130-200

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

Apostolic fathers totals: all symbols except P

67.5

-155

6

0

0

3

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

The Epistle of the Apostles. Against Cerinthus, Simon, and Gnostics. Canonical in the Ethiopic Orthodox Tawahedo Church

9.8

2nd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gospel of Mary (ms. p463 is 200-250 A.D.)

1

2nd century

-

-

 

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-

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-

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-

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-

Shepherd of Hermas (= Hermas, = The Pastor)

46.5

c.115-155

W

W

W

W

W

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-

W

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-

-

W

-

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-

W

-

Justin Martyr, philosopher, apologist

116.5

c.138-165

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

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I

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-

W

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Evarestus Martyrdom of Polycarp

5

c.169

W

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W

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-

-

-

Marcion of Pontus, pupil of Cerdo/Cerdon. Apelles & Prepon from Marcion.

before 170-

Gnostics believed Creator was evil or foolish, rejected Old T., mixed in paganism.

Menander then Satorninos/Saturnilus (ascetic Gnostics)

c.150-4th cen.

Cerdo & Menander from Simon in Acts. Encratite gnostics came from Saturnilus.

Dionysius of Corinth (wrote against Marcion)

.333

170

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

-

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Tatian's Diatessaron

86

c.172

W

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W

W

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-

W

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-

W

W

W

P

-

-

-

-

W

Tatian, Encratite Gnostic later

18

c.172

W

W

P

-

-

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-

-

-

 

-

-

-

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-

-

-

-

First Christians in Austria

174

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Basilides & his pupil Isidorus, changed from Menander 's teaching

2.5

132-135-4th

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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Sethians/Borborites (libertine Gnostics)

20

c.150-4th cen.

W

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Hermetic Gnostics (no mention of Christ)

6

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

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-

-

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-

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Valentinians including Heracleon, Colorbasus, Marcus

23

c.150-4th cen.

W

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W

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Ptolemy the Gnostic

12

c.150-4th cen.

W

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Other gnostics: Cainites, Carpocrates, Docetics, Peretae, Cerinthus, Dositheus, Monoimus, Hermogenes, Marcillinians, Melchisedecians, Nicolaus, Ophites, Secundus/Epiphanes

37

c.150-4th century

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W

p66 Bodmer II Papyri - 92% of John (817 verses)

c.125-175

W

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W

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p4 Luke 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1,6-7; 3:8-4:2,29-32,34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16 p64 Mt 26:7-8,10,14-15,22-23,31-33 p67 Mt 3:9,15; 5:20-22,25-28 (95 verses)

c.150-175

W

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p90 Jn 18:36-19:7 (11 verses)

c.175

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Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (Lyons)

6.5

177

W

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Athenagoras (apologist)

33.5

177

W

W

W

W

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W

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Persecution of Marcus Aurelius

162/166-180

Stoic philosopher. Persecution, mainly in Gaul, ended when he died.

First African Christians martyred in Carthage

180

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Melito/Meleto of Sardis (Quartodecimian)

11

170-177

W

W

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P

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-

Claudius Apollinaris of Hierapolis

0.5

160-177/180

-

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Hegesippus (chronicler)

2.5

170-180

-

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Rhodon (against Marcion and Apelles)

0.5

180

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-

Theophilus of Caesarea

.125

180

-

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Theophilus of Antioch (to Autolycus)

32

168-181/188

W

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W

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Ebionite Clementine Homilies (Law, Father, Son)

123.5

-188-

W

W

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-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Letter of Peter to James

2

-188-

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-

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Ebionite Letter of Clement to James

4.5

-188-

-

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Early Christians warning about Ebionites

1

182-325

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Irenaeus Proof of Apostolic Preaching

22.75

c.160-202

W

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Irenaeus of Lyons, disciple of Polycarp

262

182-188

W

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W

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I

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W

W

W

W

W

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Pantaenus of Alexandria traveled to India

189

Visited the Malankara church in India. They used the Gospel of Matthew in Hebrew.

Gospel of Peter (Serapion finally against it)

2

180-190

-

-

-

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-

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Quartodecimian Synod of Ephesus

c.190

Convened by Polycrates to fix the date of Easter. Roman bishop Victor I rejects it.

Many north Africans become Christians

c.190

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Maximus of Jerusalem (wrote on origin of evil)

5

185-196

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Polycrates of Ephesus (Quartodecimian)

0.5

196

W

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Christians in Bactria, Hindu Kush, and Kurdistan

196

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

p32 (=P. Rylands 5) Titus 1:1-15; 2:3-8 (21 verses)

150-200

-

-

-

-

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p103/p77 Mt 13:55-57; 14:3-5; 23:30-39 (10 verses)

200

-

-

-

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-

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-

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Gaius of Rome started the Alogi heresy

0

c.200

Claimed the Gospel of John and Revelation were by Cerinthus, not John

p23 James 1:10-12, 15-18 (7 verses)

ca.200

-

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Estimated 2 or 4.7 million Christians, world pop. 192M

by 200 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers 4 p.126 or World Christian Trends :AD 30–AD 2200 p.97

Passion of the Scillitan Martyrs -died 180 A.D.

0.75

180-202

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Caius and the Muratorian Canon

3

190-217

W

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Sabellian heresy (Praxeas, Noetus)

c.200-257-

Patripassians believed the Father, Son, & Spirit were one person.

Zephyrinus & Callistus of Rome (adoptionists)

199-222

God came upon the human man Jesus. Callistus excommunicated Sabellius.

Persecution of Septimus Severus

202

A Christian helped him when ill, but did not repeal existing laws.

Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas

7

c.201/205

W

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Acts of Paul and Thecla (Tertullian said faked by a presbyter)

6

before 207

W

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Romans kill first known martyrs in Britain

209

Alban, Julius, and Aaron were formerly thought killed in 304/5 A.D.

Epitaph of Abercius of Hieropolis in Phrygia Salutaris

0.125

190-210

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Serapion of Antioch (against Marcion)

1.333

191/200-210

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Minucius Felix (The Octavius)

25

210

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Apollonius of Ephesus (against Montanists)

1

c.210

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Christians slaughtered in Egypt

212

Roman Emperor Caracella order killing Christians in Egypt

Judah the Prince compiles the Jewish Mishnah

189-217

Oral traditions of the Pharisees were written down & became part of the Talmud

Clement of Alexandria Stromata

245.75

193-202

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Clement of Alexandria Exhort. to the Heathen

34.75

c.195

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Clement of Alexandria (remainder)

109

193-217/220

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Tertullian (joined the Montanist Church)

692.75

198-220

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Tertullian’s 5 Books Against Marcion

194

207/208

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Tertullian: On Monogamy, On Modesty

41.25

208-220

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p75 Lk 3:18-22; etc. Jn 1:1-11:45,etc. (1,166 verses)

175-225

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0189 Acts 5:3-21 (earliest N.T. parchment) (19 verses)

175-225

W

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Council of Carthage under Agrippinus

ca.200-225

Decides that baptisms by heretics are invalid.

p45 Chester Beatty I, 4 gospels + Acts (833 verses)

200-225

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Green Collection #425 Rom 9:18-21 some Rom 10

early 3rd

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p29 Acts 26:7-8,20 (3 verses)

200-225

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-

p30 1 Th 4:12-13,16-17, 5:3,8-10,12-18,25-28; 2 Th 1:1-2; 2:1,9-11 (25 verses)

early 3rd cent.

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Ebionite Recognitions of Clement (=Sinai Epitome)

134

211-231

W

-

-

-

W

-

 

-

-

-

 

-

 

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Bardaisan/Bardesan of Syria (heretical). Against Marcion & Valentinus.

11.5

154-224/232

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

 

-

 

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Council of Alexandria under bishop Demetrius

231/232

Invalidated Origen’s ordination. Origen forbidden to teach or live in Alexandria.

Asterius Urbanus (against Montanists)

2.75

c.232

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Elchasaite Ebionites (said Jesus God’s Son)

2.25

before 235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Theodotus of Byzantium (Jesus born only a man)

0.5

before 235

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Justin's Book of Baruch -Moses,Heracles,Christ

2.5

188-235

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Naaseni Gnostics & their Gospel of Thomas

3+6

188-235

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

W

Hippolytus, pupil of Irenaeus (undisputed)

218

222-235/236

W

I

-

W

W

W

 

W

-

W

W

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

Maximin Thrax persecutes Christians

235-238

First empire-wide persecution, but only of clergy. It stopped when he was killed.

Narrative of Zosimus

4.5

before 240

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Theodotus the probable Montanist

7.75

ca.240

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Instructions of Commodianus

16

c.240

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Julius Africanus (undisputed writings)

9

232-245

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity

5.75 + 5

before 246

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Ebionite Protoevangelium of James

6

145-248

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Heraclas of Alexandria 1st to be called a pope

232-249

No Roman bishop called a pope until the Council of Arles I in 314 A.D., Next was 347 A.D.. Siricius c.384-399 was the first Roman bishop to call himself a pope.

p137 Mk 1:7-9,16-18 (6 verses)

150-250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"Revised Valentinian" Tripartite Tractate

11

200-250

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

p13 Heb 2:14-5:5;10:8-22;10:29-11:13;etc. 114 verses

225-250

W

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

p5 Jn 1:23-31,33-40; 16:14-20;20:11-17,19-20,22-25

early 3rd cent.

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Martyrdom of the Holy Martyrs

1.5

before 250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

p1 Mt 1:1-9,12,14-20 (17 verses)

250

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

p22 Jn 15:25-16:2; 16:21-32 (17 verses)

c.250

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

-

-

-

 

-

 

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

p91 Acts 2:30-37; 2:46-47; 3:1-2 (12 verses)

250

 

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

p118 Rom 15:26-27,32-33; 16:1,4-7,11-12 (11 verses)

250

 

 

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p119 Jn 1:21-28,33-38,42-44 (17 verses)

250

 

 

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

p121 Jn 19:17-19,25-26 (5 verses)

250,200-300

 

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

p129 1 Cor 7:36-39;8:10;9:3,14-17;9:27-10:6 (17 verses)

250,200-300

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

p131 Rom 9:18-21; 9:22-10:3 (19 verses)

250,200-300

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Nag Hamadi Apocalypse of Peter

2.5

3rd century

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Hermias Satire on Greek Philosophers

4.2

3rd century?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acts of Xanthippe, Polyxena, and Rebecca

12.5

mid-3rd cent?

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Alexander of Cappadocia (Clem. A’.s pupil)

0.75

233-251

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

pseudo-Justin Martyr (anonymous works)

20.5

233-251

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bishop Stephen I or Rome Letter to Antioch

251

Asks why Novatian did not know there should be only one bishop in Rome

Sentences of Sextus (partial)

2

before 253

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Origen (heterodox teacher)

562

225-253/254

W

I

W

W

W

-

-

W

W

W

-

-

W

P

W

-

-

W

-

W

Origen’s Prayer, Exhortation to Martyrdom

180

233-235

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

W

Severe persecution by Decius and Gallus

250-251 - 253

1st Christian schism. Could fallen Christians return or doomed forever – Novatian

Plague kills 20% of Roman population, 50% in Alexandria

252-272

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.115

First Christian monks and hermits

250-251

Peter the Hermit and others. Antony of Egypt (270-356 A.D.) was a bit later.

Novatian (his schism lasted over 200 years)

38.5

250/254-257

W

W

-

W

W

-

-

W

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

-

W

-

-

-

Treatise Against Novatian

6.5

254-256

W

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-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

-

-

-

-

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-

-

-

Treatise on Rebaptism

11

c.250-258

W

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

Cyprian of Carthage (against Novatian)

250.5

c.246-258

W

W

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

I