Pre-Nicene Teaching on Scripture Grid – April 2024

 

 

Legend for Cells

Sc1. Study or obey God’s Word as an authority

Sc11. Scripture or writers were inspired

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

Sc2. O.T. has God’s words; study it Mk12:24-25;Ac 3:22

Sc12. Canon [of scripture/truth/church] Gal 6:11

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

Sc3. New Testament has God's words. 2 Pet 3:15-16

Sc13. Dual meaning of some prophecies

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

Sc4. Scripture is called the word of God Psalm 33:4,6

Sc14. Unbelievers don’t understand OT/scripture Mk 22:29; 13:24

J = Mentioned as by Jesus, not John

Sc5. Divine Scripture

Sc15. Veil on many when read Moses/OT 2 Cor 3:14

Q = Quote of 1 or more verses

Sc6. Scripture is holy/sacred Isa 20:22; Rom 1:2; Rev3:7

Sc16. Some parts of the Bible are allegorical

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

Sc7. We are to believe scripture Jn 2:22

Sc17. Lion both good and bad in scripture

½  = quote of ½ a verse  A = Allusion

Sc8. We can understand scripture

Sc18. Don’t twist/corrupt meaning of scripture.2Pet3:16

P = partial

Sc9. Mediate on Gods’ words/commands Ps 63:6;;119

Sc19. Acknowledge Bible copyist errors -

- = no reference found

Sc10. Search the Scriptures Acts 17:11

Sc20. Some corrupted [copies of] scripture

X = Disagree     blank = not researched yet

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, white=Christian writer, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, yellow=foreign missions, red=Christians persecuted, brown=Christians persecuting, Q = quote only

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

First Christians in Edessa, Osrhoene

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

 

The Apostle Philip martyred in Hierapolis, Turkey

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

 

First Christians in Armenia

c.60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

 

First Christians in England and Glastonbury church.

61

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111-112

 

Nero blames the Great Fire or Rome on Christians

64

Thousands of Christians in Rome killed

 

Nero and Domitian persecute Christians

50 & 95/96

est. 500K Christians. Labeled atheists & killed for refusing to worship emperor/idols

 

Clement of Rome (wrote 1 Clement)

16.25

96/98

W

W

W

P

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Estimated 500K or 800K Christians. World pop. 180M

by 100 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.4 p.126 or World Christian Trends AD 30-2200 AD p.18

 

First Christians in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Algeria

100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

First [St. Thomas] Christians in Sri Lanka, south of India

c.100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

Papias of Hierapolis, disciple of John

2

95-110

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

“Presbyters” (Papias?)

0.5

-95-117

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Ignatius disciple of John (shortest version)

13

c.100-117

-

W

W

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Trajan persecutes Christians

107-117

Answered Pliny the Younger’s letter. Christians not hunted, but killed if found.

 

Didache (=Teaching of the Twelve Apostles)

4.75

c.60-120

-

Q

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

First Christians in Dacia (modern Romania)

c.120

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

Apology of Aristides (Greek version)

4

125or138-161

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Quadratus of Athens fragment (apologist)

.125

126

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Epistle of Barnabas

12.5

c.70-130

W

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

First Christians settle in Moldova from Romania

130

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

Hadrian persecutes Christians and Jews

118 & 134

Hadrian loved Greek culture, and he persecuted both Jewish and Christian people.

 

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

29

70-135

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Bar Cochba persecutes Christians

132-135

Christians persecuted in Israel because they would not join Bar Cochba’s revolt.

 

p52 Jn 18:31-33,37f-38 (5 verses)

-138

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

2 Clement (anonymous writer)

5.75

120-140

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

p87 Phm 13-15,24-25 (5 verses)

100-150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

p46 Chester Beatty II - (70%) Paul, Heb (1,680 verses)

100-150

P

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

 

Akhmin Apocalypse of Peter (Greek)

2

135,100-150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

p104 Mt 21:34-37,43-45(?)

150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

p98 Revelation 1:13-2:1 (9 verses)

150?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Antoninus Pius persecutes Christians

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

First churches in Morocco, Portugal, & south Germany

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

Polycarp to the Philippians

3.5

100-155

W

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Mathetes to Diognetus – teaching a disciple

5.25

c.130-200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Apostolic fathers totals: all symbols except P

67.5

-155

5

5

5

1

0

1

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

The Epistle of the Apostles. Against Cerinthus, Simon, and Gnostics. Canonical in the Ethiopic Orthodox Tawahedo Church

9.8

2nd century

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

Leucius Charinus Acts of John (bedbugs)

24.7

2nd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gospel of Mary (ms. p463 is 200-250 A.D.)

1

2nd century

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

Shepherd of Hermas (= Hermas, = The Pastor)

46.5

c.115-155

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Justin Martyr, philosopher, apologist

116.5

c.138-165

W

W

W

W

P

W

W

W

W

-

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

 

Evarestus Martyrdom of Polycarp

5

c.169

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Marcion of Pontus, pupil of Cerdo/Cerdon. Apelles & Prepon from Marcion.

before 170-

Gnostics believed Creator was evil or foolish, rejected Old T., mixed in paganism.

 

Menander then Satorninos/Saturnilus (ascetic Gnostics)

c.150-4th cen.

Cerdo & Menander from Simon in Acts. Encratite gnostics came from Saturnilus.

 

Dionysius of Corinth (wrote against Marcion)

.333

170

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

W

 

Tatian's Diatessaron

86

c.172

I

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

 

Tatian, Encratite Gnostic later

18

c.172

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

 

First Christians in Austria

174

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

Basilides & his pupil Isidorus, changed from Menander 's teaching

2.5

132-135-4th

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Sethians/Borborites (libertine Gnostics)

20

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Hermetic Gnostics (no mention of Christ)

6

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Valentinians including Heracleon, Colorbasus, Marcus

23

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Ptolemy the Gnostic

12

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Other gnostics: Cainites, Carpocrates, Docetics, Peretae, Cerinthus, Dositheus, Monoimus, Hermogenes, Marcillinians, Melchisedecians, Nicolaus, Ophites, Secundus/Epiphanes

37

c.150-4th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

p66 Bodmer II Papyri - 92% of John (817 verses)

c.125-175

I

W

W

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

-

-

 

p4 Luke 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1,6-7; 3:8-4:2,29-32,34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16 p64 Mt 26:7-8,10,14-15,22-23,31-33 p67 Mt 3:9,15; 5:20-22,25-28 (95 verses)

c.150-175

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

p90 Jn 18:36-19:7 (11 verses)

c.175

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (Lyons)

6.5

177

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Athenagoras (apologist)

33.5

177

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Persecution of Marcus Aurelius

162/166-180

Stoic philosopher. Persecution, mainly in Gaul, ended when he died.

 

First African Christians martyred in Carthage

180

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

Melito/Meleto of Sardis (Quartodecimian)

11

170-177

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

 

Claudius Apollinaris of Hierapolis

0.5

160-177/180

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Hegesippus (chronicler)

2.5

170-180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Rhodon (against Marcion and Apelles)

0.5

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Theophilus of Caesarea

.125

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Theophilus of Antioch (to Autolycus)

32

168-181/188

W

W

-

W

-

W

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

 

Ebionite Clementine Homilies (Law, Father, Son)

123.5

-188-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

W

W

 

Ebionite Letter of Peter to James

2

-188-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

Ebionite Letter of Clement to James

4.5

-188-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Early Christians warning about Ebionites

1

182-325

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Irenaeus Proof of Apostolic Preaching

22.75

c.160-202

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Irenaeus of Lyons, disciple of Polycarp

262

182-188

-

-

I

W

W

W

-

W

W

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

 

Pantaenus of Alexandria traveled to India

189

Visited the Malankara church in India. They used the Gospel of Matthew in Hebrew.

 

Gospel of Peter (Serapion finally against it)

2

180-190

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Quartodecimian Synod of Ephesus

c.190

Convened by Polycrates to fix the date of Easter. Roman bishop Victor I rejects it.

 

Many north Africans become Christians

c.190

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

Maximus of Jerusalem (wrote on origin of evil)

5

185-196

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Polycrates of Ephesus (Quartodecimian)

0.5

196

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Christians in Bactria, Hindu Kush, and Kurdistan

196

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

 

p32 (=P. Rylands 5) Titus 1:1-15; 2:3-8 (21 verses)

150-200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

p103/p77 Mt 13:55-57; 14:3-5; 23:30-39 (10 verses)

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Gaius of Rome started the Alogi heresy

0

c.200

Claimed the Gospel of John and Revelation were by Cerinthus, not John

 

p23 James 1:10-12, 15-18 (7 verses)

ca.200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Estimated 2 or 4.7 million Christians, world pop. 192M

by 200 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers v.4 p.126 or World Christian Trends :AD 30–AD 2200 p.97

 

First known church building

201/202

In the city of Edessa (modern-day Urfa in southern Turkey)

 

Passion of the Scillitan Martyrs -died 180 A.D.

0.75

180-202

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Caius and the Muratorian Canon

3

190-217

W

W

-

-

W

W

I

-

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

 

Sabellian heresy (Praxeas, Noetus)

c.200-257-

Patripassians believed the Father, Son, & Spirit were one person.

 

Zephyrinus & Callistus of Rome (adoptionists)

199-222

God came upon the human man Jesus. Callistus excommunicated Sabellius.

 

Persecution of Septimus Severus

202

A Christian helped him when ill, but did not repeal existing laws.

 

Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas

7

c.201/205

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Acts of Paul and Thecla (Tertullian said faked by a presbyter)

6

before 207

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Romans kill first known martyrs in Britain

209

Alban, Julius, and Aaron were formerly thought killed in 304/5 A.D.

 

Epitaph of Abercius of Hieropolis in Phrygia Salutaris

0.125

190-210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Serapion of Antioch (against Marcion)

1.333

191/200-210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Minucius Felix (The Octavius)

25

210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

Apollonius of Ephesus (against Montanists)

1

c.210

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

 

 

Christians slaughtered in Egypt

212

Roman Emperor Caracella order killing Christians in Egypt

 

Judah the Prince compiles the Jewish Mishnah

189-217

Oral traditions of the Pharisees were written down & became part of the Talmud

 

Clement of Alexandria Stromata

245.75

193-202

W

-

-

-

W

-

W

W

-

-

W

W

-

W

W

W

-

W

-

-

 

Clement of Alexandria Exhort. to the Heathen

34.75

c.195

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

 

Clement of Alexandria (remainder)

109

193-217/220

W

W

W

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

 

Tertullian (joined the Montanist Church)

692.75

198-220

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

-

-

W

W

-

-

W

W

-

W

W

W

 

Tertullian’s 5 Books Against Marcion

194

207/208

W

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

W

 

Tertullian: On Monogamy, On Modesty

41.25

208-220

W

W

-

-

W

W

-

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

p75 Lk 3:18-22; etc. Jn 1:1-11:45,etc. (1,166 verses)

175-225

W

W

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

0189 Acts 5:3-21 (earliest N.T. parchment) (19 verses)

175-225

-

-

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Council of Carthage under Agrippinus

ca.200-225

Decides that baptisms by heretics are invalid.

p45 Chester Beatty I, 4 gospels + Acts (833 verses)

200-225

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Green Collection #425 Rom 9:18-21 some Rom 10

early 3rd

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p29 Acts 26:7-8,20 (3 verses)

200-225

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p30 1 Th 4:12-13,16-17, 5:3,8-10,12-18,25-28; 2 Th 1:1-2; 2:1,9-11 (25 verses)

early 3rd cent.

P

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Ebionite Recognitions of Clement (=Sinai Epitome)

134

211-231

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Bardaisan/Bardesan of Syria (heretical). Against Marcion & Valentinus.

11.5

154-224/232

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A

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-

-

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-

-

-

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Council of Alexandria under bishop Demetrius

231/232

Invalidated Origen’s ordination. Origen forbidden to teach or live in Alexandria.

Asterius Urbanus (against Montanists)

2.75

c.232

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Elchasaite Ebionites (said Jesus God’s Son)

2.25

before 235

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Theodotus of Byzantium (Jesus born only a man)

0.5

before 235

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Justin's Book of Baruch -Moses,Heracles,Christ

2.5

188-235

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Naaseni Gnostics & their Gospel of Thomas

3+6

188-235-

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Hippolytus, pupil of Irenaeus (undisputed)

218

222-235/236

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Maximin Thrax persecutes Christians

235-238

First empire-wide persecution, but only of clergy. It stopped when he was killed.

Narrative of Zosimus

4.5

before 240

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Theodotus the probable Montanist

7.75

ca.240

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Instructions of Commodianus

16

c.240

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Julius Africanus (undisputed writings)

9

232-245

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pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity

5.75 + 5

before 246

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Ebionite Protoevangelium of James

6

145-248

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Heraclas of Alexandria 1st to be called a pope

232-249

No Roman bishop called a pope until the Council of Arles I in 314 A.D., Next was 347 A.D.. Siricius c.384-399 was the first Roman bishop to call himself a pope.

p137 Mk 1:7-9,16-18 (6 verses)

150-250

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"Revised Valentinian" Tripartite Tractate

11

200-250

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p13 Heb 2:14-5:5;10:8-22;10:29-11:13;etc. 114 verses

225-250

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p5 Jn 1:23-31,33-40; 16:14-20;20:11-17,19-20,22-25

early 3rd cent.

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Martyrdom of the Holy Martyrs

1.5

before 250

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p1 Mt 1:1-9,12,14-20 (17 verses)

250

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p22 Jn 15:25-16:2; 16:21-32 (17 verses)

c.250

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p91 Acts 2:30-37; 2:46-47; 3:1-2 (12 verses)

250

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p118 Rom 15:26-27,32-33; 16:1,4-7,11-12 (11 verses)

250

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p119 Jn 1:21-28,33-38,42-44 (17 verses)

250

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p121 Jn 19:17-19,25-26 (5 verses)

250,200-300

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p129 1 Cor 7:36-39;8:10;9:3,14-17;9:27-10:6 (17 verses)

250,200-300

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p131 Rom 9:18-21; 9:22-10:3 (19 verses)

250,200-300

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Nag Hamadi Apocalypse of Peter

2.5

3rd century

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Hermias Satire on Greek Philosophers

4.2

3rd century?

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Acts of Xanthippe, Polyxena, and Rebecca

12.5

mid-3rd cent?

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Alexander of Cappadocia (Clem. A’.s pupil)

0.75

233-251

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Bishop Stephen I of Rome Letter to Antioch

251

Asked why Novatian did not know there should be only one bishop in Rome

Sentences of Sextus (partial) originally Pythagorean, modified by Christians.

2

before 253

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Origen (heterodox teacher)

825.15

225-253/254

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Origen’s Prayer, Exhortation to Martyrdom

180

233-235

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W

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Severe persecution by Decius and Gallus

250-251 - 253

1st Christian schism. Could fallen Christians return or doomed forever – Novatian

Plague kills 20% of Roman population, 50% in Alexandria

252-272

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.115

First Christian monks and hermits

250-251

Peter the Hermit and others. Antony of Egypt (270-356 A.D.) was a bit later.

Novatian (his schism lasted over 200 years)

38.5

250/254-257

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Treatise Against Novatian

6.5

254-256

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