Pre-Nicene Teaching On Government Grid – April 2024

Government and Laws

 

Legend for Cells

Gv1. Honor the king or government Rom 13:1-5; 1Pt 2:17

Gv11. The kingdom of heaven Mt 3:1-2;4:17;5:3-12; 10:7

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

Gv2. Obey government when not against God Rm13:1-5

 

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

Gv3. Do not aid in persecuting Christians 1 Cor 13:7

 

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

Gv4. Pay taxes  Mk 12:14-17; Lk 20:22-25; Rom 13:6-7

 

J = Mentioned as by Jesus, not John

Gv5 Citizens of Heaven  Php 3:20

 

Q = Quote of 1 or more verses

Gv6 Christians should not be in lawsuits 1 Cor 6:1-8

 

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

Gv7. Officials ought to be just Rom 13:3-4

 

½  = quote of ½ a verse  A = Allusion

Gv8. Disobey or change unjust laws Acts 4:19; 5:29

 

P = partial

Gv9. Providence, or God governing the world Isa 46:10

 

- = no reference found

Gv10. Christ is king / kingdom of Christ.Jn1:49;Rv11:15

 

X = Disagree     blank = not researched yet

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, white=Christian writer, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, yellow=foreign missions, red=Christians persecuted, brown=Christians persecuting

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Christians in Edessa, Osrhoene

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

The Apostle Philip martyred in Hierapolis, Turkey

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

First Christians in Armenia

c.60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

First Christians in England and Glastonbury church.

61

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111-112

Nero blames the Great Fire or Rome on Christians

64

Thousands of Christians in Rome killed

Nero and Domitian persecute Christians

50 & 95/96

est. 500K Christians. Labeled atheists & killed for refusing to worship emperor/idols

Clement of Rome (wrote 1 Clement)

16.25

96/98

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

W

W

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated 500K or 800K Christians. World pop. 180M

by 100 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.4 p.126 or World Christian Trends AD 30-2200 AD p.18

First Christians in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Algeria

100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

First [St. Thomas] Christians in Sri Lanka, south of India

c.100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Papias of Hierapolis, disciple of John

2

95-110

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Presbyters” (Papias?)

0.5

-95-117

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ignatius disciple of John (shortest version)

13

c.100-117

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trajan persecutes Christians

107-117

Answered Pliny the Younger’s letter. Christians not hunted, but killed if found.

Didache (=Teaching of the Twelve Apostles)

4.75

c.60-120

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Christians in Dacia (modern Romania)

c.120

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Apology of Aristides (Greek version)

4

125or138-161

-

-

-

-

-

-

I

W

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quadratus of Athens fragment (apologist)

.125

126

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epistle of Barnabas

12.5

c.70-130

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Christians settle in Moldova from Romania

130

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Hadrian persecutes Christians and Jews

118 & 134

Hadrian loved Greek culture, and he persecuted both Jewish and Christian people.

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

29

70-135

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bar Cochba persecutes Christians

132-135

Christians persecuted in Israel because they would not join Bar Cochba’s revolt.

p52 Jn 18:31-33,37f-38 (5 verses)

-138

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 Clement (anonymous writer)

5.75

120-140

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p87 Phm 13-15,24-25 (5 verses)

100-150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p46 Chester Beatty II - (70%) Paul, Heb (1,680 verses)

100-150

-

W

W

W

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Akhmin Apocalypse of Peter (Greek)

2

135,100-150

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p104 Mt 21:34-37,43-45(?)

150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p98 Revelation 1:13-2:1 (9 verses)

150?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antoninus Pius persecutes Christians

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

First churches in Morocco, Portugal, & south Germany

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Polycarp to the Philippians

3.5

100-155

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mathetes to Diognetus – teaching a disciple

5.25

c.130-200

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apostolic fathers totals: all symbols except P

67.5

-155

0

1

1

0

1

0

2

2

2

4

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Epistle of the Apostles. Against Cerinthus, Simon, and Gnostics. Canonical in the Ethiopic Orthodox Tawahedo Church

9.8

2nd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leucius Charinus Acts of John

24.7

2nd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gospel of Mary (ms. p463 is 200-250 A.D.)

1

2nd century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shepherd of Hermas (= Hermas, = The Pastor)

46.5

c.115-155

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justin Martyr, philosopher, apologist

116.5

c.138-165

-

W

I

W

-

-

-

-

I

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evarestus Martyrdom of Polycarp

5

c.169

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marcion of Pontus, pupil of Cerdo/Cerdon. Apelles & Prepon from Marcion.

before 170-

Gnostics believed Creator was evil or foolish, rejected Old T., mixed in paganism.

Menander then Satorninos/Saturnilus (ascetic Gnostics)

c.150-4th cen.

Cerdo & Menander from Simon in Acts. Encratite gnostics came from Saturnilus.

Dionysius of Corinth (wrote against Marcion)

.333

170

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tatian's Diatessaron

86

c.172

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tatian, Encratite Gnostic later

18

c.172

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Christians in Austria

174

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Basilides & his pupil Isidorus, changed from Menander 's teaching

2.5

132-135-4th

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sethians/Borborites (libertine Gnostics)

20

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hermetic Gnostics (no mention of Christ)

6

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valentinians including Heracleon, Colorbasus, Marcus

23

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ptolemy the Gnostic

12

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other gnostics: Cainites, Carpocrates, Docetics, Peretae, Cerinthus, Dositheus, Monoimus, Hermogenes, Marcillinians, Melchisedecians, Nicolaus, Ophites, Secundus/Epiphanes

37

c.150-4th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p66 Bodmer II Papyri - 92% of John (817 verses)

c.125-175

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p4 Luke 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1,6-7; 3:8-4:2,29-32,34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16 p64 Mt 26:7-8,10,14-15,22-23,31-33 p67 Mt 3:9,15; 5:20-22,25-28 (95 verses)

c.150-175

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p90 Jn 18:36-19:7 (11 verses)

c.175

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (Lyons)

6.5

177

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athenagoras (apologist)

33.5

177

-

W

W

-

-

W

W

W

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persecution of Marcus Aurelius

162/166-180

Stoic philosopher. Persecution, mainly in Gaul, ended when he died.

First African Christians martyred in Carthage

180

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Melito/Meleto of Sardis (Quartodecimian)

11

170-177

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Claudius Apollinaris of Hierapolis

0.5

160-177/180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hegesippus (chronicler)

2.5

170-180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhodon (against Marcion and Apelles)

0.5

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theophilus of Caesarea

.125

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theophilus of Antioch (to Autolycus)

32

168-181/188

W

W

-

W

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Clementine Homilies (Law, Father, Son)

123.5

-188-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Letter of Peter to James

2

-188-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Letter of Clement to James

4.5

-188-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Christians warning about Ebionites

1

182-325

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irenaeus Proof of Apostolic Preaching

22.75

c.160-202

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irenaeus of Lyons, disciple of Polycarp

262

182-188

-

-

-

W

-

-

W

-

W

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pantaenus of Alexandria traveled to India

189

Visited the Malankara church in India. They used the Gospel of Matthew in Hebrew.

Gospel of Peter (Serapion finally against it)

2

180-190

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quartodecimian Synod of Ephesus

c.190

Convened by Polycrates to fix the date of Easter. Roman bishop Victor I rejects it.

Many north Africans become Christians

c.190

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Maximus of Jerusalem (wrote on origin of evil)

5

185-196

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polycrates of Ephesus (Quartodecimian)

0.5

196

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians in Bactria, Hindu Kush, and Kurdistan

196

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

p32 (=P. Rylands 5) Titus 1:1-15; 2:3-8 (21 verses)

150-200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p103/p77 Mt 13:55-57; 14:3-5; 23:30-39 (10 verses)

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gaius of Rome started the Alogi heresy

0

c.200

Claimed the Gospel of John and Revelation were by Cerinthus, not John

p23 James 1:10-12, 15-18 (7 verses)

ca.200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated 2 or 4.7 million Christians, world pop. 192M

by 200 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers 4 p.126 or World Christian Trends :AD 30–AD 2200 p.97

Passion of the Scillitan Martyrs -died 180 A.D.

0.75

180-202

W

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caius and the Muratorian Canon

3

190-217

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sabellian heresy (Praxeas, Noetus)

c.200-257-

Patripassians believed the Father, Son, & Spirit were one person.

Zephyrinus & Callistus of Rome (adoptionists)

199-222

God came upon the human man Jesus. Callistus excommunicated Sabellius.

Persecution of Septimus Severus

202

A Christian helped him when ill, but did not repeal existing laws.

Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas

7

c.201/205

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acts of Paul and Thecla (Tertullian said faked by a presbyter)

6

before 207

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romans kill first known martyrs in Britain

209

Alban, Julius, and Aaron were formerly thought killed in 304/5 A.D.

Epitaph of Abercius of Hieropolis in Phrygia Salutaris

0.125

190-210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serapion of Antioch (against Marcion)

1.333

191/200-210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minucius Felix (The Octavius)

25

210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apollonius of Ephesus (against Montanists)

1

c.210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians slaughtered in Egypt

212

Roman Emperor Caracella order killing Christians in Egypt

Judah the Prince compiles the Jewish Mishnah

189-217

Oral traditions of the Pharisees were written down & became part of the Talmud

Clement of Alexandria Stromata

245.75

193-202

-

-

I

-

-

W

-

-

W

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clement of Alexandria Exhort. to the Heathen

34.75

c.195

-

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

I

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clement of Alexandria (remainder)

109

193-217/220

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tertullian (joined the Montanist Church)

692.75

198-220

W

W

I

W

W

W

-

W

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tertullian’s 5 Books Against Marcion

194

207/208

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

W

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tertullian: On Monogamy, On Modesty

41.25

208-220

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p75 Lk 3:18-22; etc. Jn 1:1-11:45,etc. (1,166 verses)

175-225

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0189 Acts 5:3-21 (earliest N.T. parchment) (19 verses)

175-225

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Carthage under Agrippinus

ca.200-225

Decides that baptisms by heretics are invalid.

p45 Chester Beatty I, 4 gospels + Acts (833 verses)

200-225

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

P

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Green Collection #425 Rom 9:18-21 some Rom 10

early 3rd

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p29 Acts 26:7-8,20 (3 verses)

200-225

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p30 1 Th 4:12-13,16-17, 5:3,8-10,12-18,25-28; 2 Th 1:1-2; 2:1,9-11 (25 verses)

early 3rd cent.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Recognitions of Clement (=Sinai Epitome)

134

211-231

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bardaisan/Bardesan of Syria (heretical). Against Marcion & Valentinus.

11.5

154-224/232

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Alexandria under bishop Demetrius

231/232

Invalidated Origen’s ordination. Origen forbidden to teach or live in Alexandria.

Asterius Urbanus (against Montanists)

2.75

c.232

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elchasaite Ebionites (said Jesus God’s Son)

2.25

before 235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodotus of Byzantium (Jesus born only a man)

0.5

before 235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justin's Book of Baruch -Moses,Heracles,Christ

2.5

188-235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Naaseni Gnostics & their Gospel of Thomas

3+6

188-235

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

P

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hippolytus, pupil of Irenaeus (undisputed)

218

222-235/236

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximin Thrax persecutes Christians

235-238

First empire-wide persecution, but only of clergy. It stopped when he was killed.

Narrative of Zosimus

4.5

before 240

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodotus the probable Montanist

7.75

ca.240

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions of Commodianus

16

c.240

-

-

-

-

P

-

-

-

W

I

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julius Africanus (undisputed writings)

9

232-245

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity

5.75 + 5

before 246

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Protoevangelium of James

6

145-248

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heraclas of Alexandria 1st to be called a pope

232-249

No Roman bishop called a pope until the Council of Arles I in 314 A.D., Next was 347 A.D.. Siricius c.384-399 was the first Roman bishop to call himself a pope.

p137 Mk 1:7-9,16-18 (6 verses)

150-250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Revised Valentinian" Tripartite Tractate

11

200-250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p13 Heb 2:14-5:5;10:8-22;10:29-11:13;etc. 114 verses

225-250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p5 Jn 1:23-31,33-40; 16:14-20;20:11-17,19-20,22-25

early 3rd cent.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martyrdom of the Holy Martyrs

1.5

before 250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p1 Mt 1:1-9,12,14-20 (17 verses)

250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p22 Jn 15:25-16:2; 16:21-32 (17 verses)

c.250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p91 Acts 2:30-37; 2:46-47; 3:1-2 (12 verses)

250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p118 Rom 15:26-27,32-33; 16:1,4-7,11-12 (11 verses)

250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p119 Jn 1:21-28,33-38,42-44 (17 verses)

250

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p121 Jn 19:17-19,25-26 (5 verses)

250,200-300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p129 1 Cor 7:36-39;8:10;9:3,14-17;9:27-10:6 (17 verses)

250,200-300

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p131 Rom 9:18-21; 9:22-10:3 (19 verses)

250,200-300

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nag Hamadi Apocalypse of Peter

2.5

3rd century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hermias Satire on Greek Philosophers

4.2

3rd century?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acts of Xanthippe, Polyxena, and Rebecca

12.5

mid-3rd cent?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alexander of Cappadocia (Clem. A’.s pupil)

0.75

233-251

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bishop Stephen I of Rome Letter to Antioch

251

Asked why Novatian did not know there should be only one bishop in Rome

Sentences of Sextus (partial) originally Pythagorean, modified by Christians.

2

before 253

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Origen (heterodox teacher)

825.15

225-253/254

I

-

-

W

W

-

W

-

W

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Origen’s Prayer, Exhortation to Martyrdom

180

233-235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severe persecution by Decius and Gallus

250-251 - 253

1st Christian schism. Could fallen Christians return or doomed forever – Novatian

Plague kills 20% of Roman population, 50% in Alexandria

252-272

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.115

First Christian monks and hermits

250-251

Peter the Hermit and others. Antony of Egypt (270-356 A.D.) was a bit later.

Novatian (his schism lasted over 200 years)

38.5

250/254-257

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatise Against Novatian

6.5

254-256

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatise on Rebaptism

11

c.250-258

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyprian of Carthage (against Novatian)

250.5

c.246-258

-

-