Pre-Nicene Teaching on … Grid – June 2023

 

 

Legend for Cells

1.

11.

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

2.

12.

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

3.

13.

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

4.

14.

J = Mentioned as by Jesus, not John

5.

15.

Q = Quote of 1 or more verses

6.

16.

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

7.

17.

½  = quote of ½ a verse  A = Allusion

8.

18.

P = partial

9.

19.

- = no reference found

10.

20.

X = Disagree     blank = not researched yet

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, white=Christian writer, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, yellow=foreign missions, red=Christians persecuted, brown=Christians persecuting

<

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

First Christians in Edessa, Osrhoene

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

The Apostle Philip martyred in Hierapolis, Turkey

60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

First Christians in Armenia

c.60

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111

First Christians in England and Glastonbury church.

61

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.111-112

Nero blames the Great Fire or Rome on Christians

64

Thousands of Christians in Rome killed

Nero and Domitian persecute Christians

50 & 95/96

est. 500K Christians. Labeled atheists & killed for refusing to worship emperor/idols

Clement of Rome (wrote 1 Clement)

16.25

96/98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated 500K or 800K Christians. World pop. 180M

by 100 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.4 p.126 or World Christian Trends AD 30-2200 AD p.18

First Christians in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Algeria

100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

First [St. Thomas] Christians in Sri Lanka, south of India

c.100

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Papias of Hierapolis, disciple of John

2

95-110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Presbyters” (Papias?)

0.5

-95-117

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ignatius disciple of John (shortest version)

13

c.100-117

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trajan persecutes Christians

107-117

Answered Pliny the Younger’s letter. Christians not hunted, but killed if found.

Didache (=Teaching of the Twelve Apostles)

4.75

c.60-120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Christians in Dacia (modern Romania)

c.120

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Apology of Aristides (Greek version)

4

125or138-161

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quadratus of Athens fragment (apologist)

.125

126

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epistle of Barnabas

12.5

c.70-130

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Christians settle in Moldova from Romania

130

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Hadrian persecutes Christians and Jews

118 & 134

Hadrian loved Greek culture, and he persecuted both Jewish and Christian people.

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

29

70-135

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bar Cochba persecutes Christians

132-135

Christians persecuted in Israel because they would not join Bar Cochba’s revolt.

p52 Jn 18:31-33,37f-38 (5 verses)

-138

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 Clement (anonymous writer)

5.75

120-140

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p87 Phm 13-15,24-25 (5 verses)

100-150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p46 Chester Beatty II - (70%) Paul, Heb (1,680 verses)

100-150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Akhmin Apocalypse of Peter (Greek)

2

135,100-150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p104 Mt 21:34-37,43-45(?)

150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p98 Revelation 1:13-2:1 (9 verses)

150?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antoninus Pius persecutes Christians

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

First churches in Morocco, Portugal, & south Germany

c.150

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Polycarp to the Philippians

3.5

100-155

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mathetes to Diognetus – teaching a disciple

5.25

c.130-200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apostolic fathers totals: all symbols except P

67.5

-155

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Epistle of the Apostles. Against Cerinthus, Simon, and Gnostics. Canonical in the Ethiopic Orthodox Tawahedo Church

9.8

2nd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leucius Charinus Acts of John (bedbugs)

24.7

2nd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gospel of Mary (ms. p463 is 200-250 A.D.)

1

2nd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shepherd of Hermas (= Hermas, = The Pastor)

46.5

c.115-155

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justin Martyr, philosopher, apologist

116.5

c.138-165

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evarestus Martyrdom of Polycarp

5

c.169

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marcion of Pontus, pupil of Cerdo/Cerdon. Apelles & Prepon from Marcion.

before 170-

Gnostics believed Creator was evil or foolish, rejected Old T., mixed in paganism.

Menander then Satorninos/Saturnilus (ascetic Gnostics)

c.150-4th cen.

Cerdo & Menander from Simon in Acts. Encratite gnostics came from Saturnilus.

Dionysius of Corinth (wrote against Marcion)

.333

170

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tatian's Diatessaron

86

c.172

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tatian, Encratite Gnostic later

18

c.172

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Christians in Austria

174

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Basilides & his pupil Isidorus, changed from Menander 's teaching

2.5

132-135-4th

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sethians/Borborites (libertine Gnostics)

20

c.150-4th cen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hermetic Gnostics (no mention of Christ)

6

c.150-4th cen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valentinians including Heracleon, Colorbasus, Marcus

23

c.150-4th cen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ptolemy the Gnostic

12

c.150-4th cen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other gnostics: Cainites, Carpocrates, Docetics, Peretae, Cerinthus, Dositheus, Monoimus, Hermogenes, Marcillinians, Melchisedecians, Nicolaus, Ophites, Secundus/Epiphanes

37

c.150-4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p66 Bodmer II Papyri - 92% of John (817 verses)

c.125-175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p4 Luke 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1,6-7; 3:8-4:2,29-32,34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16 p64 Mt 26:7-8,10,14-15,22-23,31-33 p67 Mt 3:9,15; 5:20-22,25-28 (95 verses)

c.150-175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p90 Jn 18:36-19:7 (11 verses)

c.175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (Lyons)

6.5

177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athenagoras (apologist)

33.5

177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persecution of Marcus Aurelius

162/166-180

Stoic philosopher. Persecution, mainly in Gaul, ended when he died.

First African Christians martyred in Carthage

180

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Melito/Meleto of Sardis (Quartodecimian)

11

170-177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Claudius Apollinaris of Hierapolis

0.5

160-177/180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hegesippus (chronicler)

2.5

170-180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhodon (against Marcion and Apelles)

0.5

180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theophilus of Caesarea

.125

180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theophilus of Antioch (to Autolycus)

32

168-181/188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Clementine Homilies (Law, Father, Son)

123.5

-188-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Letter of Peter to James

2

-188-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Letter of Clement to James

4.5

-188-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Christians warning about Ebionites

1

182-325

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irenaeus Proof of Apostolic Preaching

22.75

c.160-202

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irenaeus of Lyons, disciple of Polycarp

262

182-188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pantaenus of Alexandria traveled to India

189

Visited the Malankara church in India. They used the Gospel of Matthew in Hebrew.

Gospel of Peter (Serapion finally against it)

2

180-190

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quartodecimian Synod of Ephesus

c.190

Convened by Polycrates to fix the date of Easter. Roman bishop Victor I rejects it.

Many north Africans become Christians

c.190

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

Maximus of Jerusalem (wrote on origin of evil)

5

185-196

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polycrates of Ephesus (Quartodecimian)

0.5

196

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians in Bactria, Hindu Kush, and Kurdistan

196

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.113

p32 (=P. Rylands 5) Titus 1:1-15; 2:3-8 (21 verses)

150-200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p103/p77 Mt 13:55-57; 14:3-5; 23:30-39 (10 verses)

200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gaius of Rome started the Alogi heresy

0

c.200

Claimed the Gospel of John and Revelation were by Cerinthus, not John

p23 James 1:10-12, 15-18 (7 verses)

ca.200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated 2 or 4.7 million Christians, world pop. 192M

by 200 A.D.

per Ante-Nicene Fathers v.4 p.126 or World Christian Trends :AD 30–AD 2200 p.97

First known church building

201/202

In the city of Edessa (modern-day Urfa in southern Turkey)

Passion of the Scillitan Martyrs -died 180 A.D.

0.75

180-202

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caius and the Muratorian Canon

3

190-217

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sabellian heresy (Praxeas, Noetus)

c.200-257-

Patripassians believed the Father, Son, & Spirit were one person.

Zephyrinus & Callistus of Rome (adoptionists)

199-222

God came upon the human man Jesus. Callistus excommunicated Sabellius.

Persecution of Septimus Severus

202

A Christian helped him when ill, but did not repeal existing laws.

Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas

7

c.201/205

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acts of Paul and Thecla (Tertullian said faked by a presbyter)

6

before 207

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romans kill first known martyrs in Britain

209

Alban, Julius, and Aaron were formerly thought killed in 304/5 A.D.

Epitaph of Abercius of Hieropolis in Phrygia Salutaris

0.125

190-210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serapion of Antioch (against Marcion)

1.333

191/200-210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minucius Felix (The Octavius)

25

210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apollonius of Ephesus (against Montanists)

1

c.210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians slaughtered in Egypt

212

Roman Emperor Caracella order killing Christians in Egypt

Judah the Prince compiles the Jewish Mishnah

189-217

Oral traditions of the Pharisees were written down & became part of the Talmud

Clement of Alexandria Stromata

245.75

193-202

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clement of Alexandria Exhort. to the Heathen

34.75

c.195

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clement of Alexandria (remainder)

109

193-217/220

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tertullian (joined the Montanist Church)

692.75

198-220

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tertullian’s 5 Books Against Marcion

194

207/208

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tertullian: On Monogamy, On Modesty

41.25

208-220

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p75 Lk 3:18-22; etc. Jn 1:1-11:45,etc. (1,166 verses)

175-225

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0189 Acts 5:3-21 (earliest N.T. parchment) (19 verses)

175-225

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Carthage under Agrippinus

ca.200-225

Decides that baptisms by heretics are invalid.

p45 Chester Beatty I, 4 gospels + Acts (833 verses)

200-225

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Green Collection #425 Rom 9:18-21 some Rom 10

early 3rd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p29 Acts 26:7-8,20 (3 verses)

200-225

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p30 1 Th 4:12-13,16-17, 5:3,8-10,12-18,25-28; 2 Th 1:1-2; 2:1,9-11 (25 verses)

early 3rd cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Recognitions of Clement (=Sinai Epitome)

134

211-231

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bardaisan/Bardesan of Syria (heretical). Against Marcion & Valentinus.

11.5

154-224/232

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Alexandria under bishop Demetrius

231/232

Invalidated Origen’s ordination. Origen forbidden to teach or live in Alexandria.

Asterius Urbanus (against Montanists)

2.75

c.232

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elchasaite Ebionites (said Jesus God’s Son)

2.25

before 235

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodotus of Byzantium (Jesus born only a man)

0.5

before 235

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justin's Book of Baruch -Moses,Heracles,Christ

2.5

188-235

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Naaseni Gnostics & their Gospel of Thomas

3+6

188-235

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hippolytus, pupil of Irenaeus (undisputed)

218

222-235/236

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximin Thrax persecutes Christians

235-238

First empire-wide persecution, but only of clergy. It stopped when he was killed.

Narrative of Zosimus

4.5

before 240

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodotus the probable Montanist

7.75

ca.240

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions of Commodianus

16

c.240

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julius Africanus (undisputed writings)

9

232-245

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity

5.75 + 5

before 246

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ebionite Protoevangelium of James

6

145-248

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heraclas of Alexandria 1st to be called a pope

232-249

No Roman bishop called a pope until the Council of Arles I in 314 A.D., Next was 347 A.D.. Siricius c.384-399 was the first Roman bishop to call himself a pope.

p137 Mk 1:7-9,16-18 (6 verses)

150-250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Revised Valentinian" Tripartite Tractate

11

200-250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p13 Heb 2:14-5:5;10:8-22;10:29-11:13;etc. 114 verses

225-250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p5 Jn 1:23-31,33-40; 16:14-20;20:11-17,19-20,22-25

early 3rd cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martyrdom of the Holy Martyrs

1.5

before 250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p1 Mt 1:1-9,12,14-20 (17 verses)

250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p22 Jn 15:25-16:2; 16:21-32 (17 verses)

c.250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p91 Acts 2:30-37; 2:46-47; 3:1-2 (12 verses)

250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p118 Rom 15:26-27,32-33; 16:1,4-7,11-12 (11 verses)

250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p119 Jn 1:21-28,33-38,42-44 (17 verses)

250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p121 Jn 19:17-19,25-26 (5 verses)

250,200-300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p129 1 Cor 7:36-39;8:10;9:3,14-17;9:27-10:6 (17 verses)

250,200-300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p131 Rom 9:18-21; 9:22-10:3 (19 verses)

250,200-300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nag Hamadi Apocalypse of Peter

2.5

3rd century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hermias Satire on Greek Philosophers

4.2

3rd century?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acts of Xanthippe, Polyxena, and Rebecca

12.5

mid-3rd cent?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alexander of Cappadocia (Clem. A’.s pupil)

0.75

233-251

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bishop Stephen I of Rome Letter to Antioch

251

Asked why Novatian did not know there should be only one bishop in Rome

Sentences of Sextus (partial) originally Pythagorean, modified by Christians.

2

before 253

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Origen (heterodox teacher)

825.15

225-253/254

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Origen’s On Prayer, Exhortation to Martyrdom

180

233-235

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severe persecution by Decius and Gallus

250-251 - 253

1st Christian schism. Could fallen Christians return or doomed forever – Novatian

Plague kills 20% of Roman population, 50% in Alexandria

252-272

per World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200 p.115

First Christian monks and hermits

250-251

Peter the Hermit and others. Antony of Egypt (270-356 A.D.) was a bit later.

Novatian (his schism lasted over 200 years)

38.5

250/254-257

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatise Against Novatian

6.5

254-256

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treatise on Rebaptism

11

c.250-258