Nicea to Ephesus Teaching on OT Canon Grid – Dec. 2022 version

 

 

Legend for Cells

OTc1. The Law and the prophets Mt 11:12-15

OTc11. Job is scripture or the Lord says

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

OTc2. Genesis is scripture or God says

OTc12. Psalms are scripture /God spoke.Mk12:10-11

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

OTc3. Exodus is scripture or God says

OTc13. Proverbs are scripture of the Lord/H.S. says

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

OTc4. Leviticus is scripture or God says

OTc14. Isaiah is scripture or the Lord/Spirit says. Mk 15:28

M = Mixed: some agree, others would not

OTc5. Numbers is scripture or God says

OTc15. Jeremiah is scripture or the Lord says

P = partial ex: Irenaeus: Gnostics wrong to say Savior not killed since impassible

OTc6. Deuteronomy is scripture or God says

OTc16. Ezekiel is scripture of the Lord says

OTc7. Joshua is scripture or the Lord says

OTc17. Daniel is scripture of God showed

- = no reference found (so far)

OTc8. 1 or 2 Samuel is scripture or God says

OTc18. Hosea is scripture or God/the Word says

X = Disagree

OTc9. Reference to1 or 2 Kings as Kings

OTc19. Joel is scripture or God says

blank = not researched yet

OTc10. Reference to 1 or 2 Chr as Chronicles

OTc20. Amos is scripture or God says

Writer totals include W’s & I’s but not P’s

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, white=Christian writer, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, yellow=foreign missions, red=Christians persecuted, purple=Roman Catholics persecuting, brown=Christians persecuting

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

OTc1

OTc 2

OTc 3

OTc 4

OTc 5

OTc 6

OTc 7

OTc 8

OTc 9

OTc 10

OTc 11

OTc 12

OTc 13

OTc 14

OTc 15

OTc 16

OTc 17

OTc 18

OTc 19

OTc 20

Council of Nicea I vs. Arians (c.318 bishops)

3

May-Jun 325

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Estimated 1,800 Christian bishops in the world

325

20 in Britain, 200+ in Italy, 3+ in Russia, 1+ in Turkmenistan, 20+ from the Caspian Sea to Bahrain,122+ Egypt per World Christian Trends; AD 30 – AD 2200 p.114-115.

Persian king Shapur II persecutes Christians

315,325-381

Persian Christians double-taxed after Constantine became a Christian. Violent persecution after 325. In Mesopotamia alone 1,150 Christians killed.

Persian Shapur II attacks Christian Lakhmid Arabs

325

In retaliation for prior raids into Persia, 60,000 soldiers kill everyone in al-Hera.

Private Creed of Arius (for Constantine to restore him)

0.1

328

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Juvencus’ poem: The Four Books of the Gospels

31

329

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Arian Council of Tyre to condemn Athanasius

335

Marcellus of Ancyra wrote strongly against this

Eustathius of Berrhoea, then Antioch (against Origen & Eusebius of Nicomedia)

< 0.25

323-337

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eusebius of Caesarea (leader at Nicea)

c.404

318-339/340

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marcellus of Ancyra (said Trinity not forever)

17

c.336 & 340

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Synod of Antioch in Encaeniis (97 bishops)

3.5

summer 341

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asterius the Sophist (Arian)

 

-c.341

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mild Arian Creed of Antioch

1

c.341/344

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Council of Sardica (Greek) (church discipline)

5

343/344

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aphrahat/Aphraates, Select Demonstrations

67.25

337-345

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Macrostich Creed (very detailed)

2

344/345

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Firmicus Maternus On the Error of Profane Religions. God rewards persecuting pagans.

26

346/348

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Poem on the Passion of the Lord

1

315-350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mandaean writings (said Jesus a false prophet)

3.5

>350?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vaticanus (B) Most OT, all NT to Heb 9:15, no 1, 2 Tim, Tt, Phm, Rev. (6,979 verses) Every other NT verse except: Mt 12:47; 16:2b-3; 17:21; 18:11; 23:14; Mk 7:16; 9:44,46; 11:26; 15:28; 16:9-20; Lk 17:36; 22:43-44; Jn 5:4; 7:53-8:11; Acts 8:37; 15:34; 24:6; 28:29; Rom 16:24; 1 Pet 5:3

325-350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sinaiticus (Aleph) ½ of OT. Every NT verse except:

Mt 12:47; 16:2b-3; 17:21; 18:11; 23:14; 24:35; Mk 1:33; 7:16; 9:44,46; 10:36; 11:26; 15:28; 16:9-20; Lk 10:32; 17:36; Jn 5:4; 7:53-8:11; 16:15; 19:20; 20:5b-6; 21:25; Acts 8:37; 15:34; 24:7; 28:29; Rom 16:24 (Aleph) Almost all of NT ½ of OT

340-350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p25 Mt 18:32-34; 19:1-3,5-7,9f (8.5 verses)

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p62 Mt 11:25-30 (6 verses)

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p86 Mt5:13-16,22-25; p88 Mk2:1-26; p89 Heb6:7-9,15-17

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p120 Jn 1; p123 1 Cor 14-15

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p126 Heb 13:12-13:19-20

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p8 Act 4:41-37;5:2-9;6:6,8-15 p10 Rom 1:1-7 p71 Mt 19:10f;17f

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

058, 0169, 0185, 0188, 0242

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vercelli (Latin a) Mt 1:1-25:1; 25:13-end; Mk 1:1-21;1:35-15:14; Lk 1:1-11:11; 11:27-12:36; 13:1-end

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amon of Adrianople (martyr)

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apostolic Canons (=Apostolical Canons)

6

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyrillones, Syriac poet Six Hymns

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustus of Milevis/Milevum (Manichaean)

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hegemonius of Sirmium Acts of Archelaus (Disputation with Manes)

58.75

4th century

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Philo of Carpasia, Cyprus

0.5

4th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

History of Joseph the Carpenter

6.5

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Book of Mary’s Repose (extant in Ethiopic)

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Books Dormition Narrative

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pseudo-Justin Martyr. (anonymous) Hortatory Address to the Greeks, Sole Government of God

20.5

200-351-?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1st Council of Sirmium (Greek creed)

1.5

351

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julius I of Rome. said Marcellus was Trinitarian

9

339-352

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ammonas (Origenist, a founder of monasticism)

 

340-348/353

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore of Heraclea

 

c.330-355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Arminum, Nicene/Arian compromise Athanasius against all councils after Nicea

0.5

355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4th Council of Sirmium

357

Father neither the same nor similar substance as the Son, but greater than the Son

Synod of Seleucia in Isauria (160 bishops)

0.2

357/358

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

King Ezana of Aksum becomes a Christian

 

c.325-360

King of Ethiopia, Sudan, and parts of Egypt and Yemen

Eusebius of Emesa/Amasea. On the Sufferings and Death of our Lord

3.5

c.359/360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sacramentary of Serapion of Thmuis (supporter of Athanasius and anti-Origenist)

 

c.333/360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potamius of Lisbon, Portugal

 

c.350-360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jews forbidden to set foot in Jerusalem

325-361

Constantine forbids Jews to be in Jerusalem. Julian later rescinds this decree.

Arian Roman Emperor Constantius

337-353-361

Orthodox bishops were banished, and Athanasius had to go into hiding.

Arian Creed of Nica in Thrace

0.5

356-361

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life of Antony (probably by Athanasius)

26.5

356-362

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Arian Candidus’ Two Letters to Marius

c.4

359-362

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marius’s Reply to Candidus (partial)

c.8

359-362

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nemesius of Emesa, Phoenicia

 

late 4th cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julian the Apostate again makes paganism the official Roman religion

361-363

Roman emperor Julian tries to restore paganism until he dies in battle against the Persians. Valentinian becomes emperor in the west, Arian Valens in the east.

Christians killed in Alexandria and Gaza

361-363

Emperor Julian shows some toleration, yet permits persecution of Christians.

Arian Acacius of Caesarea (liked Eusebius of Caesarea, against Cyril of Jerusalem)

 

366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hilary of Poitiers (taught Martin of Tours)

226.5

355-367/368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore of Tabennesi

 

died 368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae

 

350-370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cheltenham Canon (=Mommsen Catalogue)

0.25

ca.360-370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arian Roman Valens kills Christians in east

370

Valens is finally killed in battle by the Goths, who had converted to Arianism.

Messalians (Adelphius & Alexander the Sleepless)

370-1231

Nothing matters except prayer, which became their idol. Condemned at Ephesus.

Eusebius of Vercelli (persecuted by Arians)

 

c.345-370/371

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athanasius of Alexandria (partial)

415

325-373

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

-

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

-

Nag Hamadi Teachings of Silvanus

7

before 375

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Optatus of Milevis (converted by Augustine) Against Donatists

70.75

373-375

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-