Bible Query – Early Manuscripts of Hebrews

Dec. 28, 2017 version

 

Q: In Heb, what are early New Testament manuscripts we have preserved today?

A: Here are many of them.

p12 (285-300 A.D.) Hebrews 1:1

End of 3rd century - 1968 - The Text of the New Testament.

Late 3rd century - 1998 - Aland et al. Fourth Revised Edition

p13 (=Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 657) contains Hebrews 2:14-5:5; 10:8-22; 10:29-11:13; 11:28b-12:17 (c.225-250 A.D.) A photograph of part of this is in The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts p.74. It says on p.75 that out of 88 variation units, p13 and p46 has 71 agreements and only 17 disagreements.

4th century - 1902-1903 - Grenfell and Hunt according to The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts p.73. On p.17 it says Grenfell and Hunt hesitated to date ANY New Testament manuscript earlier than the third century, even though they mentioned the handwriting belonged to the late first or second century.

3rd/4th century, perhaps first half of fourth century - 1968 - The Text of the New Testament also has 11:14-28a, but The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts p.74 says this is missing due to the loss of one column.

3rd/4th century - 1975 - Aland et al. 3rd Edition

3rd/4th century - 1998 - Aland et al. 4th Revised Edition

200-250 A.D. - others

(225-250 A.D.) - 1999 - The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts p.73. Comfort and Barrett on p.73 say that based on very similar handwriting to Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 852 (175-25 A.D.), many similarities to Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 2635 (ca. 200 A.D.). The dating is not earlier than 225 A.D. though, because it is written on the back side of Papyrus 657 (part of the Epitome of Livy's History of Rome), and this is dated to the third century.

p17 Heb 9:12-19 (late 3rd century)

4th century - 1968 - The Text of the New Testament.

p46 Chester Beatty II ca.200 A.D. 300 of the 303 verses of Hebrews. Specifically it has Hebrews 1:1-9:16; 9:18-10:10; 10:22-30; 10:32-13:25 (290 verses) and other parts of Paul's letters. The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts has a photograph of part of p46 on p.192. It also says on p.197-198 that the quality and the stichiometric marks show that a professional scribe wrote this.

c.200 A.D. - 1968 - The Text of the New Testament.

About 200 A.D. - 1975 - Aland et al. 3d Edition

About 200 A.D. - 1998 - Aland et al. 4th Revised Edition

p79 Hebrews 10:10-12,28-30 (7th century)

p89 Hebrews 6:7-9,15-17 (4th century)

p114 (=Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 4498) Hebrews 1:7-12 (3rd century)

p116 (=Papyrus Vindob. G42417) Hebrews 2:9-11; 3:3-6 (6th century)

Cyril of Jerusalem 386 A.D. Chrysostom 407 A.D.

Vaticanus (325-350 A.D.) contains all of Hebrews except Hebrews 9:14-13:25 according to Gospel Parallels. A photograph of the first page of Hebrews in Vaticanus is in Lost Christianities p.218

Sinaiticus (340-350 A.D.) and Alexandrinus (c.450 A.D.) contain all of Hebrews.

Bohairic Coptic 3rd/4th

Fayyumic Coptic 3rd/4th century

Sahidic Coptic 3rd/4rth century

Palestinian Syriac [Syr Pal] from c.6th century

Peshitta Syriac [Syr P] 411-435 A.D. Over 350 manuscripts.

Harclean Syriac [Syr H] 616.A.D Thomas of Harkel

Ephraemi Rescriptus 5th century

Armenian [Arm] from 5th century

Georgian [Geo] from 5th century

Bezae Cantabrigiensis 5th or 6th century

Washington 5th century

Ethiopic [Eth] from c.500 A.D.

Wolfenbuttel 6th century

048 Fifth century Heb 12:9 and other verses

 

Q: In Heb, what are the manuscript variations with the Textus Receptus, the basis for the KJV?

A: Jay P. Green, Sr. in the Interlinear Bible records variations in approximately 87 words between the Textus Receptus and the majority text. These are in 55 places. He does not record any additional alternates.

 

Q: In Heb, what are some of the manuscript variations?

A: The book of Hebrews has a total of 4,953 Greek words in 303 verses. This is the count in both Aland et al. 3rd edition and Aland et al. 4th revised edition, including 18 words in brackets. The text of the 3rd edition is on-line at http://www.greekbible.com. Hebrews has an estimated word-for-word accuracy of 98.2%, with 87 words in question. These are in 41 verses (54 places). Of these, 42 are single word, 8 are double word, 1 is triple word, 1 is 4 words, 1 is five words, 1 is seven words, and 1 is ten words.

   Below are the variations with the primary choice and the top alternate choice. Aland et al. 4th revised edition and 3rd edition, from which this primarily is based, also give a judgment of the degree of certainty per variation. The list below does not include many places where the evidence for a particular reading is so strong that the alternatives are very unlikely. See the next question for which manuscripts support which variants.

Heb 1:12 "you shall roll them up" (Chester Beatty II, second corrector of Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, second corrector of Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Byzantine Lectionary, Chrysostom, many others) vs. "you shall change" (original Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Athanasius) (1 word, not counted in the totals)

Heb 1:3a "him cleansing" vs. "him through/by himself cleansing" (2 words)

Heb 1:3b "cleansing for sins" vs. "cleansing for our sins" (majority of Byzantine manuscripts so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 1:4 "the angels" vs. "angels" (only in p46 and Vaticanus, so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 1:7 "angels" vs. "them" (only Bezae Cantabrigiensis) vs. "Spirit" (only Peshitta Syriac) so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 1:8 "of you/your (singular) kingdom " vs. "of him/his kingdom" (p46, Sinaiticus, Vaticanus) vs. (absent)

Heb 1:12a "as a garment/clothing and" vs. "and as a garment/clothing" vs. "and"

Heb 1:12b "you shall roll them [up]" vs. "you shall change them" (only in original Sinaiticus and original Bezae Cantabrigiensis, so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 2:7 "crowned him" (p46, Vaticanus, Bezae Cantabrigiensis, some Byzantine lectionary) vs. "crowned him and set him over the works of your hands" (Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, some Byzantine Lectionary) (10 words) (This matches the phrase in Psalm 8:6)

Heb 2:8 "subject to Him all things" vs. "subject to all things"

Heb 2:9 "by the grace of God" vs. "without which/besides God" (3 letters) (Almost all early manuscripts in the Alexandrian and Byzantine family support the first. No one supports the second, except Origen and Ambrose.

Heb 2:14 "same things" (humanity in the NIV) vs. "same sufferings" 1 word (only in Beza Cantabrigiensis, Italic b, so not counted in the totals.)

Heb 2:18 "suffered, having been tempted" vs. "suffered" (1 word) (Only in original Sinaiticus so not counted in the totals)

Heb 3:1 "Jesus" vs. "Christ Jesus" (Byzantine) vs. "Jesus Christ" (Corrected Ephraemi Rescriptus, Corrected Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Armenian)

Heb 3:2 "in all the house" vs. "in the house"

Heb 3:3 "for more glorious this than Moses" vs. "for more glorious Moses" (only p13, so 2 words not counted in the totals)

Heb 3:6a "where" vs. "who"

Heb 3:6b "until/to the end firm we hold fast" vs. "we hold fast" (2 words)

Heb 4:2 "to mix/unite with" vs. "having been mixed/united with"

Heb 4:3a "For" vs. "Therefore"

Heb 4:3b "into the rest" (almost all other early manuscripts, Byzantine Lectionary) vs. "into rest" (p13, Chester Beatty II, Vaticanus, original Bezae Cantabrigiensis)

Heb 4:3c "we enter" vs. "let us enter"

Heb 4:4 "He said for somewhere about the seventh day" vs. "He said somewhere about the sevent day" (only in p13, apparently Vulgate, and Peshitta Syriac, so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 5:4 "being called by God, even as indeed Aaron" vs. "being called by God" vs. "being called by God even as" (3 words not counted in the totals)

Heb 5:11 "about this" vs. "about Him"

Heb 5:12 "placement of accent mark on the word "someone"

Heb 6:2 "baptism teachings/doctrine" (accusative) vs. "teachings/doctrine of baptism" (genitive)

Heb 6:3 "we will do" vs. "let us do" (1 letter)

Heb 6:10 "forget your work and labor of love" (p46, Sinaiticius, Vaticanus, Alexandrinus, Ephraemi Rescriptus, original Bezae Cantabrigiensis) vs. "forget your work and love" (2nd corrector Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Bohairic Coptic) (2 words not counted in the totals)

Heb 6:18a "the God" vs. "God" (only in Vaticanus and Bezae Cantabrigiensis, so 1 word not counted in the totals. But The Expositor's Bible Commentary vol.12 p.61 says the context favors omitting "the")

Heb 6:18b "we might have" (p46, original Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Ephraemi Rescriptus) vs. "we have" (Vaticanus, 2nd corrector Sinaiticus, Bezae Cantabrigiensis) (1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 7:4 "Even Abraham" vs. "Abraham"

Heb 7:14 "priesthood" vs. "priests"

Heb 7:17 "He testifies" (p46, Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, Alexandrinus, original Bezae Cantabrigiensis) vs. "it is testified" (Ephraemi Rescriptus, 2nd corrector Bezae Cantabrigiensis ) (1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 7:18 "indeed (μὲν) an annulment for" vs. "an annulment for" (only p46 and Sahidic Coptic, so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 7:21 "priest forever" (p46, Vaticanus, Ephraemi Rescriptus, Sahidic Coptic) vs. "priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek" (second corrector of Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Byzantine Lectionary, Chrysostom) vs. (absent) (original Sinaiticus) (7 words)

Heb 7:26 "for to us was fitting a high priest" vs. "for to us and was fitting a high priest" (only in Sinaiticus and Ephraemi Rescriptus, so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 8:2 "Lord and not man" vs. "Lord and man" (only in Alexandrinus, and Origen, so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 8:6 "now (emphatic form) (νυνὶ)" vs. "now (νυν)

Heb 8:8 "fault with the people" vs. "fault and said to the people"

Heb 8:11 "fellow man/citizen" vs. "neighbor"

Heb 8:12  "their sins" (p46, original Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, Peshitta Syriac)  vs. "their sins and their lawless deeds" (2nd corrector Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Vulgate, Harclean Syriac) (3 words not counted in the totals)

Heb 9:1 "therefore also/and" vs. "therefore"

Heb 9:2 "loaves" vs. "loaves and the golden altar" (Vaticanus, Fayyumic Coptic, some Ethiopic) (4 words)

Heb 9:4 "having a golden altar and" vs. "having" (3 words) (Vaticanus, Fayyumic Coptic, some Ethiopic)

Heb 9:10 "ordinances" vs. "and ordinances"

Heb 9:11 "good things that have [already] come" vs. "good things that will come"

Heb 9:14a "eternal" (apparent p17, original Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, Alexandrinus, second corrector of Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Byzantine Lectionary) vs. "holy" (second corrector of Sinaiticus, original Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Bohairic Coptic, Fayyumic Coptic, Chrysostom)

Heb 9:14b "our" vs. "your" (plural)

Heb 9:14c "eternal spirit" vs. "Holy Spirit"

Heb 9:17a "for it is then… lives." vs. "for is it then…lives?"

Heb 9:17b "in no way" (second corrector of Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Ephraemi Rescriptus, second corrector of Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Byzantine Lectionary) vs. "not ever" (original Sinaiticus, original Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Ethiopic)

Heb 9:19 "calves and the goats" vs. "goats and the calves" vs. "calves and goats" vs. "calves" (2 words)

Heb 9:26 "suffered" (most manuscripts) vs. "died" (only in Sahidic and some Medieval Greek manuscripts so not counted in the totals)

Heb 10:1a "not itself" vs. "and" (p46) (2 words)

Heb 10:1b "it can never" vs. "they can never"

Heb 10:1c "it never is able" vs. "they never are able" (1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 10:9 "do" vs. "do O God" (only in Vulgate, Peshitta Syriac, and Harclean Syriac so 2 words not counted in the totals)

Heb 10:10 "body" (most manuscripts) vs. "blood" (only Bezae Cantabrigiensis so not counted in the totals)

Heb 10:11 "priest" vs. "high priest"

Heb 10:29 "by which he was sanctified" vs. absent (only in Alexandrinus so not counted in the totals)

Heb 10:30 "I will repay says the Lord" vs. "I will repay" &&&

Heb 10:34a "me in my bonds/chains" vs. "prisoners" &&&

Heb 10:34b "yourselves" vs. "in yourselves" vs. "yourselves in heaven" &&&

Heb 10:38a "But the righteous One" vs. "But the righteous" (only one manuscript so not counted in the totals)

Heb 10:38b "my just by faith" vs. "just by my faith" vs. "just by faith"

Heb 11:1 "assurance of things" (p46, almost all early manuscripts, Byzantine Lectionary) vs. "of things of resurrection" (p13, Origen, so not counted in the totals)

Heb 11:4a "[the] God" vs. (absent) (All the main manuscripts have "God" except for p13 (3rd/4th century) and Clement of Alexandria) (2 words)

Heb 11:4b "the" vs. "the/this"

Heb 11:11 "Sarah barren" (p46, Bezae Cantabrigiensis) vs. "Sarah" (Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, correct Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Byzantine Lectionary, Chrysostom) vs. "Sarah herself, though barren, received power to conceive, even when she was too old, because she considered him faithful who had promised" (only Sahidic Coptic) (approximately 15 words not counted in the totals)

Heb 11:13 "seen them far off were assured of them" vs. "seen them far off" &&&

Heb 11:17 "by faith being tested Abraham offered up Isaac" vs. [absent] (p46) vs. "by faith being tested offered up Isaac" (5 words)

Heb 11:20 "faith and concerning future things" vs. "faith concerning future things" (only in Sinaiticus and apparently Vulgate, so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 11:23 "king." vs. "king. By great faith, was born Moses did not forebear to kill the Egyptian when he saw the humiliation of his brothers" (original Bezae Cantabrigiensis) (13 words not counted in the totals)

Heb 11:26 "treasures in Egypt" vs. "treasures of Egypt" &&&

Heb 11:37 "they were tried/tempted" vs. "they were sawn in two" vs. "they were tried/tempted, they were sawn in two" vs. "they were sawn in two, they were tried/tempted" (2 words)

Heb 12:1a "such" (tosouton) vs. (tulikouton) (original Sinaiticus, I (Washington, 5th century), so 1 word not counted in the totals)

Heb 12:1b "easily surrounding/entangling sin" euperistatos vs. "easily distracting sin" euperispastos (only in p46)

Heb 12:3 "hostility against himself for sinners" vs. "hostility from sinners against himself" vs. "hostility from sinners against themselves"

Heb 12:7 "If you endure" vs. "It is for discipline that you endure" &&&

Heb 12:9 "but not much more" vs. "not much more"

Heb 12:18a "touched [something]" vs. " touched [the] mountain"

Heb 12:18b "darkness" vs. "gloom" &&&

Heb 12:20 "stoned or shot with an arrow" vs. "stoned" &&&

Heb 12:26 "I shake" vs. "I will shake" &&&

Heb 12:28 "by which we may serve God" vs. "by which we serve God" &&&

Heb 13:9 "Do not be carried about" vs. "Do not be carried away" &&&

Heb 13:15 "of/by Him" vs. "through it" (2 words)

Heb 13:20 "Jesus Christ our Savior" (most manuscripts) vs. "Jesus Christ our God" (only in old Latin, so not counted in the totals)

Heb 13:21a "every good" vs. "work good" vs. "every work good"

Heb 13:21b "will" vs. "will of him"

Heb 13:21c "of/among us" vs. "of/among you"

Heb 13:21d to the ages "of the ages". vs. "to the ages" (2 words)

Heb 13:25 [absent] vs. "amen" at the end

Postscript: Some manuscripts add at the end, "To the Hebrews written from Italy, by Timothy" (8 words not counted in the totals)

Bibliography for this question: The Greek New Testament Third Edition by Kurt Aland et al., The Greek New Testament Fourth Edition by Kurt Aland et al., Interlinear Greek-English New Testament by George Ricker Berry, the Interlinear Bible by Jay P. Green, The Expositor's Bible Commentary volume 8, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament 2nd edition by Bruce M. Metzger, The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture by Bart Ehrman, The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts edited by Philip W. Comfort and David P. Barrett, The Expositor's Greek Testament edited by W. Robertson Nicoll, and footnotes in the NASB, NIV, NKJV, and NRSV Bible translations. Manuscripts of the Greek Bible : An Introduction to Paleography by Bruce M. Metzger also has interesting information on the characteristics and quality of the copying of each manuscript.

 

Q: In Heb, how do the early manuscripts compare with each other?

A: The table below shows each of the places in question, and the number says which variant is in each manuscript.


This chart shows the variations of some of the manuscripts of Hebrews, with the one Aland et al. views as correct labeled as "1", the next choice "2", and so on. Corrections to manuscripts by later scribes are not included. A question mark means it is probably but not certain the manuscript had these words. Parentheses means fragmentary or hard to read. Where there is more than one number, such as "1 /2?", this means that one or more manuscripts in the family give the first choice, and one or more manuscripts are not clear, but appear to give the second choice. A parenthesis, such as (6), means that through translation or loss of letters are not sure, but it appears to support reading 6. There are so many manuscripts and writers that they cannot all be listed here; this shows the most significant early ones. Other writers that are not shown are are Eusebius, Athanasius, Didymus, Gregory-Nyssa, Theodoret, Cyril-Alexandria, Ambrose, Jerome, Caesarius (Heb 11:37)

 

The witnesses are ordered chronologically, as much as possible.

Columns: blue=Bible manuscript, white = early Christian writer, green=heretical writer, orange=schismatic writer, pink=strange writer

 

No Irenaeus. Hilary did not quote any verses in question.

Place of variant

words

Clem R

p46

Clem A

p13

Origen

p17

Adam

B

Si

Lucif.

Chryst.

Pelag.

A

C

D

048

I

Sah

Boh

Fay

Ital b

Ital d

Vulgate family

Eth

Arm

Geo

Syr P

Syr H

Syr Pal

p79

Byzant.

Heb 1:3a

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

 

1

1

-

4

-

1

-

4

-

-

4

4

4

3

-

1

(4)

1

1/ 3

(3)

3

1

-

4

Heb 1:3b

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 1:4

1

 

2

-

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 1:7

1

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

Heb 1:8

1

 

2

-

-

-

-

 

2

2

-

1

-

1

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1?/ 3?

-

1

Heb 1:12a

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

 

1

2

-

1

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1/ 2

1

1

1

1

1

1

-

1

Heb 1:12b

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

 

1

1

-

2

-

1

-

2

-

-

2

2

1

2

(1)

1? 2

2

1

1

(1)

1

(1?)

-

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 2:7

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

 

1

2

-

2

-

2

2

2

-

-

(2)

2

(2)

 

 

1?

2

 

1/ 2

(1)

(1)

-

-

1/ 2

Heb 2:8

1

 

2

-

-

-

-

 

2

1

-

1

-

1

1

1

-

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

1

3A?

-

1

Heb 2:9

1

 

1

-

-

1/ 2

-

 

1

1

-

1

-

1

1

1

-

 

1

1

1

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

-

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 3:2

1

 

2?

-

2

-

-

 

2

1

-

1

-

1

1

1

-

 

2

2

2

1

1

1/ 2?

1

1

1

1

1

-

-

1

Heb 3:3

2

 

1?

-

2

 

-

 

1

1

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 3:6a

1

 

3

-

1

-

-

 

1

1

3

1

-

1

1

3

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

(1)

1

 

-

1

Heb 3:6b

1

 

1

-

1

-

-

 

1

2

1

2

-

2

2

2

 

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

(2)

2

2

-

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 4:2

1

 

1

-

1?

-

-

 

1

2

3

2

-

(1)

1

1

 

 

1/ 2

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

2

2

1

1

-

1

Heb 4:3a

1

 

1

-

1

-

-

 

1

2

(3)

1

-

3

3

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

1

(1)

1

(2)

1

1

-

1

Heb 4:3b

1

 

2

-

2?

-

-

 

2

1

-

1

-

1

1

2

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

 

 

-

1

Heb 4:4

1

 

 

-

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2?

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 5:4

3

 

1

-

2?

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

1

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 5:12

1

 

3

 

-

2

-

 

3

3

-

2

-

3

3

3

 

 

1/ 2

2

 

 

 

 

(2)

2

(2)

 

 

 

-

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 6:2

1

 

2

-

-

-

-

 

2

1

-

1

-

1

1

1

 

 

1?

1

1

 

 

 

(2)

1

1

 

1

(2)

-

1

Heb 6:3

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

 

1

1

-

 

-

2

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

-

1/ 2

Heb 6:10

2

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Heb 6:18a

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

 

1

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 6:18b

 

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 7:17

 

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

 

 

 

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Heb 7:18

1

 

2A

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 7:21

7

 

1

-

-

-

-

 

1

3

-

2

-

2

1

2

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1/(3)

 

 

1

-

2

Heb 7:26

1 and

 

1

-

 

 

 

 

1

2A

 

 

 

1

2A

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 8:2

1

 

1

-

 

2

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

2

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 8:6

1

 

2

-

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

 

1

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 8:8

1

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Heb 8:11

1

 

1

 

-

-

-

 

1

1

-

2

-

1

 

1

 

 

1

1

1

 

 

 

2

1

1

1

1

 

-

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 8:12

3

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

2

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

 

Heb 9:1

1

 

2?

-

-

-

-

 

2

1

-

1

-

1

 

1

 

 

2

2

2

 

 

 

2

1

2

2

1

 

-

1/ 2

Heb 9:2

4

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2?

 

2

1

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 9:4

3

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 9:10

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

 

3

1

-

4

-

1

 

2

 

 

1

(1)

1?

 

 

 

 

(1)

4

 

4

 

-

4

Heb 9:11

1

 

2

-

-

2

-

 

1

2

-

2

-

2

 

1

 

 

2

2

2

 

 

 

2

2

1

(1)

1

(1)

-

2

Heb 9:14a

1

 

 

 

-

-

1?

 

1

1

-

2

-

1

 

2

 

 

2?

2

2

 

 

 

1

1

1?

1

1

 

-

1

Heb 9:14b

1

 

 

 

-

-

 

 

-

2

-

2

-

1

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

1

1

 

-

2

Heb 9:17

1

 

 

 

-

-

 

 

-

2

-

 

-

1

1

2

 

 

1

1

1

 

 

 

2

 

1

 

 

 

-

1

Heb 9:19

1

 

4

-

-

-

 

-

-

1

-

4

-

1

 

2

 

 

1/ 2?

3

3

 

 

 

3

1

1

(4)

4

4

-

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 10:1a

1

 

4

-

-

1

-

1

-

 

-

1

-

1

1

1

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

1

3

 

 

-

1

Heb 10:1b

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

2

2

1

-

-

2

2

2

 

 

 

1

2

1/ 2

 

 

 

-

1/ 2

Heb 10:1c

1

 

1

-

 

-

 

-

 

2

 

 

 

2

2

1

-

-

 

 

 

2

 

1/ 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 10:9

2

 

1A

-

1A

-

 

-

 

1A

 

 

 

1A

1A

1A

 

 

1A

1A

1A

 

1A

2

1A

 

 

2

2

 

 

 

Heb 10:11

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

2

2

1

-

-

2

1

2

1

1

1

2

2

1

2

2

-

1?

1

Heb 10:34a

1

 

2

3

 

2?/3

-

 

-

3

-

1

1

1

 

1

 

 

1

1

 

1

4

1

3

1

1/3

1

1

1

-

3

Heb 10:34b

1

 

1

1

1

-

-

 

-

1

-

2

-

1

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

-

2

Heb 10:38b

1

 

1

1

3

-

-

 

-

1

-

3

-

1

 

2

 

 

1

1? 3

 

 

 

1/ 2?

3

3

3

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 11:1

1

 

1

1

3

1/ 3

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

-

2

-

-

1

1

-

3

1

1/ 2

(1)

1

1

-

1

-

-

1

Heb 11:4a

2

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

1

Heb 11:4b

1

 

1

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

4

1

2

2

-

1

1

-

-

1

Heb 11:11a

2

 

1

-

1

-

-

 

-

5

-

5

-

5

 

1

 

 

2

2

 

 

 

 

4

4

1

 

 

 

-

5

Heb 11:17

5

 

2A

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2A

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

2A

 

 

 

Heb 11:20

1 and

 

1

-

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 11:23

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

-

2

-

1

1

1

1

1

2

1/ 2?

1

1

1

1

1

-

-

1

Heb 11:37

1

 

1

-

3?

1/ 3

-

-

-

5

-

3

-

3

-

6

5

-

(1)

3/5?

-

3

(3)

3

1

3

(3)

1

5

(3)

-

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 12:1a

1

 

2

 

1

-

-

 

-

1

-

1

-

1

 

1

 

 

1

1

 

 

3

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

-

1

Heb 12:1b

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 12:3

1

 

5

-

5

-

-

-

-

3

-

2

-

1

-

3

5

5?

7

4

-

4

6

1/ 5

6

7

7

3

2

-

-

2

Heb 12:9

1

 

1

-

1

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

1

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

Heb 12:18a

1

 

1

-

-

(1)/(2)

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

1

1

2

1

-

1

1

-

1

(1)

1/ 2

1

3

3

1

3

-

-

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heb 13:15

1

 

3

-

-

(3)

-

-

-

3

-

1

-

1

1

3

-

-

1

1/3?

-

1

3

1

-

1

(2)

-

1

-

-

1

Heb 13:21a

1

 

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

5

3

1

-

-

3

1

-

1

1

1/ 2?

3

4

3?

3

(3)

-

-

3

Heb 13:21b

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

1

2

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

5

1

2

1

1

1

2

-

-

1/ 2

Heb 13:21c

1

 

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

(1)

2

-

-

1/ 2

1

-

2

2

2

1

2

1

1

2

-

-

1/ 2

Heb 13:21d

1

 

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

2

2

4

-

-

1

2

-

1

-

1/ 2?

2

1?

1

2

2

-

-

1/ 2

Heb 13:25

1 amen

 

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

2

2

3

-

1?

1

2

-

2

-

1?/ 2

2

1

2

2

2

-

1

2

Postscript

5

 

1

-

-

-

-

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

2

1

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Place of variant

words

Clem R

p46

ClemA

p13

Origen

p17

Adam

B

Si

Lucif.

Chrysost

Pelag.

A

C

D

048

I

Sah

Boh

Fay

Ital b

Ital d

Vulgate family

Eth

Arm

Georg'n

Syr P

Syr H

Syr Pal

p79

Byzant.

There seems to be more divergence between the Byzantine family and Chrysostom in Hebrews than in other books.

by Steven M. Morrison, PhD.