Ugly, Wicked Results of the Papacy U3. Crusades and Bloody Persecution

July 27, 2019 version

 

"So he carried me away in the Spirit into the wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. The woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication. And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYULON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. I was the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. And when I saw her, I marveled with great amazement." Revelation 17:3-6 NKJV

 

U3. Crusades and Bloody Persecution

U3a. Papal Bulls Promoting the Crusades

U3b. Crusades Against the Cathar heretics

U3c. Crusades Against the Waldenses

U3d. Baltic Crusades in northern Europe

U3e. Other Crusades

U3f. Persecution of eastern orthodox in Poland

U3g. Persecution of Nestorians in India

U3h. Other persecutions

U3i. Sack of Constantinople: Pope innocent of that

 

U3a. Papal Bulls Promoting the Crusades

Gregory VII (1073-1085) Failed in trying to start a crusade in northeastern Europe

Boniface VIII (1294-1303) was involved in many wars. He ordered a crusade against the Colonna family.

 

U3b. Crusades Against the Cathar heretics

1100-1208 Albigenses/Cathars (similar to Manichees. Catholics exterminated)

 

U3c. Crusades against the Waldenses

1487-1545 Pope Innocent VIII orders a crusade to exterminate the Waldenses.

 

U3d. Baltic Crusades in northern Europe

Pope Eugenius III ""We utterly forbid that for any reason whatsoever a truce should be made with these tribes, either for the sake of money, or for the sake of tribute, until such time as, by God's help, they shall be either converted or wiped out." (quoted in Phillips, 89)". https://www.ancient.eu/Northern_Crusades/

Gregory IX (1227-1241) Endorsed the Crusades in northeastern Europe.

 

U3e. Other Crusades

Gregory IX (1227-1241) crusade against the Holy Roman Empire.

Martin V 1417-1431. May 14, 1420 Crusades against Wycliffites, Hussites, and other heretics

 

U3f. Persecution of eastern orthodox in Poland

-1656 Polish Catholics kill Eastern Orthodox in Poland

 

U3g. Persecution of Nestorians in India

1498 Portuguese force Nestorians to convert to Catholicism in India

 

U3h. Other Persecutions

1532 James Bainham, English Reformer & lawyer

 

U3i. Sack of Constantinople: Pope innocent of that

On the other hand, the Fourth Crusade that sacked Constantinople in 1204 was originally directed towards the Holy Land. The crusaders supported a Byzantine usurper who was killed, (and thus could not pay them). so the crusaders sacked Constantinople against the pope's wishes. He excommunicated those who did so.

 

By Steven M. Morrison, Ph.D.