Kings and Chronicles - Living Examples of How God and Man Relate

The Bible gives us great doctrinal teaching in the New Testament letters, the great praises and prayers of Psalms, great prophecy in Revelation, and the great example of Jesus Himself to follow in the four gospels. So why do we need to study the books of Judges through Chronicles, where the examples are far short of perfect and doctrine plays a minor role? While we can learn truths about God, man, and how they relate in many parts of the Bible, our learning to be wise would not be complete without seeing "in action" cases of people's lives, told from God's perspective.

Not everybody always liked the book of Kings. The (heretical) Arian missionary Ufilas, when he translated the Bible for the Goths, omitted the books of Kings and Chronicles because the Goths were "already too war-like." While Ufilas might of thought he was doing God a favor, being his editor and censor, we will study God's unabridged word and let it show us by example what we need to see about holiness, man's depravity, wisdom, and God's heart.

I and II Kings is one book in Hebrew. It is a chronological book, starting just before Solomon's ascension in 971/970 A.D., and ending with the tragic captivity of Judah in 587 B.C. It mentions some of the most fascinating men of God, Solomon, Hezekiah, Josiah, Elijah, and Elisha.

At the start of Kings, the world population was around 137 million +/- 30%. Of that, 30% was in China, almost as many in India, and 20% in the Mideast. There were roughly 5 million in Egypt, and 2 1/2 million in Palestine. Roughly the same number of Israelites who invaded with Joshua. Around 600 B.C., the world population was around 182 million +/- 30%, an increase of 1/3. Most of the world increased by only 15%, but India increased by almost 80% as civilization increased and warfare lessened. The population of Egypt and Israel was still about the same, with population increases wiped out by war and disease. The land could hold only so many people, and without great improvements in technology, the population of the world held fairly steady.

What we hope to learn from the Book of Kings is a practical wisdom in following God and dealing with others, an increased desire to follow cling to God whole-heartedly, and a questioning of our attitudes and ways of doing things that we take for granted.

Estimated Chronology of Kings of Judah Estimated Chronology of Kings of Israel

931

Rehoboam son of Solomon & an Ammonite

931

Jeroboam son of Nebat

914

Abijah

907

Nadab son of Jeroboam

910

ASA

909

Baasha son of Ahijah (killed all J's family)

872

JEHOSHAPHAT

887

Elah son of Baasha

849

Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat

886

Zimri (official, killed all Baasha's family)

841

Ahaziah

886

Tibni and Omri(killed Zimri)

841

Queen Athaliah

886

Omri (general, killed Tibni)

835

JOASH/Joash

874

Ahab son of Omri

797

AMAZIAH (killed Joash's assassins)

862

Ahaziah son of Ahab

791

AZARIAH (UZZIAH)(leprous)

860

Joram (Jehoram) son of Ahab

750

JOTHAM

841

JEHU (killed Ahaziah, and all Ahab's family)

737

Ahaz

~823

Jehoahaz/JEHOAHAZ

728

HEZEKIAH

~807

Jehoash

697

Manasseh/MANASSEH

793

Jeroboam II

642

Amon

763

Zechariah (not the prophet)

640

JOSIAH (killed by Egyptians)

763

Shallum (killed Zechariah)

605

Johoahaz (taken to Egypt)

763

Menahem

605

Jehoiakim

753

Pekahiah son of Menahem

594

Jehoiachin (taken to Babylon)

751

Pekah son of Remaliah

594-587

Zedekiah (taken to Babylon)

731-722

Hoshea (killed Pekah)


1. Was Adonijah Chinese? (1 Kings 1-2)

A common western perception of Chinese is that they are "inscrutable", meaning their motives and meaning cannot be easily determined. We will look at the ambiguous behavior of this Israelite would-be king, and ask, when is it morally OK to be inscrutable, and when is it not?

1. Read 1 Kings 1. Since Adonijah was the oldest son, and he may not have been aware of the promise to Bathsheba, one might argue that Adonijah did what was proper. Why is this wrong?

2. What did David fail to do, that could have prevented this situation from happening?

3. Why do you think David failed to anticipate this problem? What are at least two reasons people do not anticipate problems like this today?

4. David could have simply acquiescing in the succession of his oldest son. However who actually promised that Solomon would be the next King? See 1 Chr 28:5-7, 29:1, and 1 Ki 1:17,24.

5. Adonijah used a stratagem. Nathan used a stratagem in 1 Ki 1:12-14? Do you think this was right? Did Nathan ever use a stratagem before? When is it OK to use stratagems? When not?

6. Why did Adonijah cling to the horns of the altar in 1 Ki 1:50-51? Should Solomon have let him live or not?

7. Read 1 Kings 2. Did Solomon show himself wise before his famous prayer to God?

8. In 1 Kings 2:13-25, assume Adonijah's motives were totally honorable. What did he want?

9. In 1 Kings 2:13-25, assume Adonijah's motives were deceptive. What did he want?

10. Was Solomon correct in thinking Adonijah's motives were dishonorable? Support your answer. (2 Sam 16:21-22 might possibly be relevant.)

11. David asked Solomon to execute some people in 1 Kin 2:5-9. Why was David right and/or wrong to ask this? Should Solomon have done this?

12. Do you think Adonijah's ambiguity was deliberate or not? When is it OK to be try to be deliberately ambiguous with others, God, ourselves? When is it not?

13. What are ways in which people are deliberately ambiguous today?

 

2. Solomon's Request to God (1 Kings 3-4, 2 Chr 1)

1. God gave Solomon a special gift of wisdom, a discerning heart, in 1 Kings 3:12. Did Solomon show any wisdom before this? (See 1 Ki 2:6) What application of this can we learn today?

2. In 1 Kings 3:3 what was wrong with sacrificing in the high places, since He was sacrificing to God? How do people do this sort of compromise today?

3. In 1 Kings 3:12 the words mean literally a "hearing heart." What does this mean? What are four distinct ways a wise Christian should have a "hearing heart" today?

4. Like many cases today, 1 Kings 3:16-28 was impossible to solve if you did not know and easy if you did know __________________.

5. In contrast to 1 Kings 2:22-23, what did Solomon do differently in 1 Kings 3 that caused the people to respond as they did in 1 Kings 3:28.

6. However, according to God's commands to Moses, how should Solomon have solved this?

7. What is the difference in the 1 Cor 12:7-10 between wisdom, knowledge, and discerning? Which two do you think Solomon had a lot of?

8. Question for everyone: if God spoke 2 Chr 1:7 to you, what would you ask for?

9. In our church today, what gifts do you think we most need more of?

10. Do you think you could be a part of the solution to what you answered in question 9 or not?

11. Are you satisfied with yourself right now? Read 1 John 5:15, James 1:5-7, and John 15:7. Take some time in prayer to ask God for what you want to have. Be wise in what you ask for though.

 

3. Solomon the Builder of Temples (1 Kings 5-11, 2 Chr 2-9)

1. Solomon's alliance to Egypt by marrying Pharaoh's daughter was very politically correct. What was one immediate advantage of it in 1 Kings 9:16? Building a palace for his wife seemed innocent enough in 1 Kings 7:8 and 9:24. Explain the logic of "compartmentalized thinking", as Solomon had in 2 Chr 8:11.

2. In the end, did Pharaoh fully support Solomon? Who did Pharaoh help in 1 Kings 11:14-23,40 and 2 Chr 10:2?

3. In 2 Chr 2:3-10 Solomon sent a letter to the pagan king Hiram of Tyre to help him build the temple. For a church expansion project, should we accept money from false religious groups if they offer it? For a church expansion project, can we buy material, at a fair market price, from non-Christians? What's the difference? Do you think Solomon's asking Hiram for help was like the first case or the second?

4. What is strange about 2 Chr 2:11 and 1 Ki 11:5? (Tyre and Sidon were very close.)

5. In what way do you think many Christians today have the same problem?

6. In 2 Chr 2:17, for the Temple Solomon used _____ carriers, _______ stonecutters, ______ foremen, _________ people to pray, and ________ people to teach holiness to the Lord.

7. Attempt to explain how these passages could all refer to the same person, Solomon the Temple builder. 1 Chr 28:9,10,20, 2 Chr 6:2, 8:11, 1 Ki 3:3, 8:23, 9:8-9, 11:4-6.

8. Explain God's feelings toward Solomon. 2 Sam 11:24-25, 1 Ki 3:10-13, 1 Ki 11:9-14.

9. In what way did the preceding verses show God's feelings change with time? In what way do 1 Ki 3:14, 9:4-9 show God's knowledge does not change with time?

10. There are different types of spiritual compromises. Explain each of these:

1 Ki 2:5 _______________________________________________________________________

1 Ki 3:1 and 2 Chr 8:11 __________________________________________________________

1 Ki 3:2-3, ____________________________________________________________________

1 Ki 3:16, _____________________________________________________________________

1 Ki 9:12-13 ___________________________________________________________________

1 Ki 10:26-29 & Dt 17:16 ________________________________________________________

1 Ki 11:1-2 & Dt 17:17 __________________________________________________________

2 Chr 2:13 ____________________________________________________________________

2Chr 9:23 (no mention of...) ______________________________________________________

1 Ki 9:8-9,25, 1 Ki 11:7-8 ________________________________________________________

11. What do you think of this statement: "Wisdom from God without full obedience is overrated."

 

4. Why the Great Division Among God's People? (1 Kings 11-14, 2 Chr 10-12)

1. Apparently Solomon's great wisdom did not extend to teaching Rehoboam his wisdom. We can look at what Rehoboam and the younger men decided in 1 Ki 12:1-15 and 2 Chr 10:1-15 and think how stupid it was. Why do you think Rehoboam thought this was the best course of action?

2. What are ways today that people make similar mistakes?

3. Once in talking with a local church person (and DTS graduate), he pointed out that much of the sin in the Old Testament came after the time of the division of Israel. He said that all the main reason behind the sin was the division. Actually, according to 1 Ki 11:11-13 who was the source of the division between the two Kingdoms?

4. Rehoboam, with his organized army, likely might have forcibly kept unity in the kingdom except for what Shemaiah said in 1 Ki 12:21-24 and 2 Chr 11:2-4. Who was it that kept the kingdom divided? Why?

5. God spoke through a prophet directly to both Jeroboam. What message did he give in 1 Ki 11:29-40? What was God's view of Jeroboam's rebellion? Whaty promise was given to him?

6. What was Jeroboam's rationale in choosing is own means of keeping his kingdom instead of obeying God in 1 Ki 12:25-33 and 2 Chr 11:13-17?

7. What else did Jeroboam in 1 Ki 14:1-20?

8. Just to make sure everybody knew, what message did God give Jeroboam in 1 Ki 13:1-13?

9. In 1 Ki 13:8-32, why would God kill that "almost completely obedient" prophet? What did God do to the older prophet?

10. How would you answer if someone said that was "unfair"?

11. What two messages did God give Rehoboam in 2 Chr 12:1-6 and 2 Chr 12:7-7-8?

12. What today is required before Christians can have complete unity and great success?

 

5. Needless Battles and Needless Pain (1 Kings 15-16, 2 Chr 16-18)

1. What was the political state of affairs in 1 Ki 14:30, 15:6,16 and 2 Chr 12:15, 13:2? If you were a soldier back then, which side would you want to fight on? What examples are there of senseless wars today we do not need to be fighting on either side?

2. Did Asa rely on God or himself in 2 Chr 14:8-15.

3. In general, what kind of king was Asa in 1 Ki 11-14? Do you think Asa did what was right in 1 Ki 15:16-22? Are there times when believers should make material and personal sacrifices in senseless wars?

3. Was Asa totally good in 2 Chr 16:10-11? In 1 Ki 15:23-24 and 2 Chr 16:12-14 Asa had a disease of his feet (arthritis? fungal? other?) Why do you think Asa failed to pray to God for healing? Why do we sometimes fail to ask God for what we know we need?

4. In 2 Chr 17 Asa's son Jehoshaphat was godly. Judah was not necessarily stronger in Jehoshaphat's time than earlier, but what happened in 2 Chr 17:10-11?

5. What was the immediate cause of 2 Chr 17:10-11? (See 2 Chr 17:9).

6. Why do you think Jehoshaphat allied himself with the evil king Ahab in 2 Chr 18:1,3.

7. Do you think Jehoshaphat became somewhat uncomfortable in 2 Chr 18:6-7?

8. Do you think the prophet of God was wrong to say what he said in 2 Chr 18:14?

9. Explain 2 Chr 18:18-22.

10. What should Jehosphaphat have done when Ahab made his decree in 2 Chr 18:25-27? What did Jehoshaphat actually do in 2 Chr 18:28-32?

11. Explain why it is that godly people sometimes try to use a stratagem to get around God's prophecies. What does God think of that in 2 Chr 19:1-3?

12. 1 Ki 16:34 is a somewhat parenthetical passage. What was the curse given in Joshua 6:26? What are at least two key reasons people go into situations cursed by God?

 

6. Elijah - Mighty Prophet of God (1 Kings 17-19)

Elijah has been called one of God's astronauts. Not only was his departure (not death) spectacular, but his life was equally spectacular. Before understanding Elijah, we must first understand the times of Elijah.

The nation of Israel was in theological, moral, and spiritual unfaithfulness towards God and Judah was in moral and spiritual faithlessness. When both the political leadership, majority of the people and spiritual leadership of the northern kingdom were opposed to God, God moved to bring the people back to Himself.

1. What consequences were there to other people because of Elijah's obedience in 1 Ki 17?

2. What kind of power did Elijah have in 1 Ki 17:1, 18:1 and James 5:17-18.

3. Why did Obadiah, a servant of Ahab and a follower of God, fear Elijah in 1 Ki 18:3-16? Why do we sometimes without real cause fear obedient servants of God?

4. Paraphrase what happened in 1 Kings 18:19-46. Why would Ahab be disposed to grant Elijah's request for a showdown with the prophets of Baal?

5. After this great victory for God, why did Elijah lose his courage in 1 Ki 19:1-10?

6. What six things did God do to restore Elijah after he was burned out in 1 Ki 19:5-21.

7. When you feed burned out, what do you need?

7. Ahab - When Sinners Take Warning (1 Kings 20-22)

1. What happened in 1 Kings 20? Why did God help Ahab, an ungodly king? (1 Kings 20:28 may give a hint.)

2. Many obedient believers would like a prophet to tell them a direct message from God and have not heard one. Why did Ahab get to hear a direct message from God in 1 Kings 20:13-15?

3. 1 Kings 20:22 sounds similar to what the Puritan general Oliver Cromwell once said, "Trust in God and keep your [gun]powder dry." In what sense is that true? In what sense is that false?

4. Summarize the incident of Naboth's vineyard in 1 Kings 21.

5. What do you think the phrase means, "you have sold yourself to do evil in the eyes of the LORD" in 1 Kings 21:20?

6. Read 1 Kings 21:24-28. Why would Ahab believe now, when he had just called Elijah his enemy in 1 Kings 21:20?

7. Try to explain the mind of King Ahab.

8. When do we take a warning seriously? When do we not? What criteria do people often use in taking a warning seriously?

9. What criteria should we use in taking a warning seriously?

10. We already looked at Jeroboam allying himself with Ahab. In 1 Kings 22:6-7 Jeroboam did not take a prophecy seriously. Why not? Do you think Jeroboam took Micaiah's prophecy seriously in 1 Kings 22:17 and 29? Why or why not?

8. Passing the Torch to Elisha (2 Kings 1-3)

Many times churches, organizations, and nations have a crisis of leadership. Here is one case we can look at where leadership was smoothly passed, though not in a way that is exactly typical. Elisha was first called in 1 Kings 20:19-21. Today we will look at the end of Elijah's life on earth, and the things we can apply today.

1. Read James 5:17-18. Before Elijah prayed for drought for three and a half years, in what ways was that already God's will? In what way was it not God's ideal will?

2. After the miracles of drought and rain performed through Elijah, why do you think Ahaziah would still not believe Elijah and want to arrest him in 2 Kings 1:1-9?

3. What happened in 2 Kings 1:9-15? Why did those 100 men die?

4. What was missing in King Ahaziah and the two captains that the third captain had? What do you think your ministry will be like if you lack this also?

5. In 2 Kings 2:1-3 what prior knowledge did Elisha apparently have?

6. What is the significance of Elisha's request in 2 Kings 2:9-10? Why do you think it was conditional that Elisha would receive it?

7. If a skeptic claimed God was cruel by having a bear maul 42 youths in 2 Kings 2:23-25, what would you say?

8. What was so unpredictable about Israel's and Judah's victory in 2 Kings 3? In your opinion, under what circumstances would God help the ungodly? Under what circumstances would he not.

9. If you are in a position of passing the torch to others, what should you look for, and what can you do to better help people? What should you not do?

10. If you are in a position of having the torch being passed to you, what should you look for, what should you do? What should you not do?

9. God's Message Through Elisha (2 Kings 4-8)

Today we will look at the widow's oil, the widow's son, Naaman, the axe, protection from ambushes, capturing Syrians, the terrible seige. To cover this broad range of subjects, we will split up into groups to answer the next eight questions.

1. What was the message God communicated with the widow's oil?

2. What was the message of the resurrection of the widow's son?

3. What was the message of Naaman?

4. Why did Gehazi get leprosy?

5. What is the message we can learn from the axe?

6. What is the message we can learn from the ambushes?

7. What was the message of capturing the Syrians?

8. What was the message of the terrible seige?

9. Did Elisha lie in 2 Kings 6:19-20 or not?

10. Why do you speculate something different to be done in 2 Kings 6:21-23 vs. 1 Ki 20:34-43?

11. For all of the episodes of Elisha, what do you think is the overall reason Elisha was on earth at that time.

10. Jehu, Jeroboam II and Uzziah (2 Kings 9-15, 2 Chr 26, Is 6:1)

Notes: Jehu the Seer in 2 Chr 19:2 and 20:34 is different from Jehu the King. Uzziah is the same person as Azariah.

1. Exactly how was Jehu anointed in 1 Ki 19:16 and 2 Ki 9:2-14?

2. What did Jehu do in 2 Ki 9:15-10:36 and 2 Chr 22:7-17?

3. Explain God's view of Jehu in 2 Ki 10:30 vs. Hos 1:4. What exactly do you think was wrong with the "massacre at Jezreel?" Does 2 Ki 14:6 have anything to do with it?

4. Summarize Athaliah, Jehoida, and Joash 2 Chr 23-24

5. 2 Ki 14:23-29 What did Jeroboam do? Why do you think God allowed this to happen?

6. What seems unfair about 2 Kings 15:1-7? How is that similar to situations today where God appears unfair?

7. What is the rest of the story in 2 Chr 26?

8. Why do you think it might be significant that Isaiah received what was perhaps his greatest vision in Is 6:1 the year Uzziah died?

 

11. Hezekiah, Manasseh, and Josiah (2 Kings 17-25, 2 Chr 29-36)

1. What did Hezekiah and the priests do incorrectly in 2 Chr 30:2-3? Did God seem to mind or not?

2. How did God's people respond to Hezekiah's request in 2 Chr 30:10-12? How do God's people respond to a summons together today?

3. Nehushtan in 21 Ki 18:4 was the bronze snake Moses had made in the wilderness? Hezekiah burned what Moses had made. Was that right and why or why not?

4. Serving Assyria meant serving their gods. The kings were required to come and actually bow to the Assyrian gods. If you were Hezekiah, would you have rebelled as he did in 2 Ki 19:5-7?

5. What happened in 2 Ki 18:13-19:37 and 2 Chr 32:1-22? Also refer to Isaiah 36 and 37.

6. Do you think Hezekiah was right to pray in 2 Ki 20:1-20 and 2 Chr 32:24-26? Also refer to Isaiah 38.

7. When was Manasseh born based on 2 Chr 33:1? What can we say about most of his life in 2 Chr 32:2,6,9.

8. What do you think 2 Chr 32:31 and 2 Ki 20:12-21 mean? Also refer to Isaiah 39.

9. What finally happened to Manasseh in 2 Chr 33:11-20? What lesson can you draw from this?

10. In 2 Chr 34:3 do you think Josiah should have waited eight years before tearing down the idols or not? Should we ever wait to do good things or not?

11. According to the hint in 2 Ki 22:8 and 2 Chr 34:15, what was the spiritual state at that time?

12. How do 2 Ki 23:17-18 and 1 Ki 13:2-5 relate?

13. How come God was still angry in 2 Ki 23:26 when Manasseh repented in 2 Chr 33:11-20?

14. What did Josiah do in 2 Chr 35:18? What bearing did this have to do with 2 Chr 34:27?

15. What Josiah did in 2 Ki 23:29-30 and 2 Chr 35:20-27 was a great tragedy for Judah. Why do you think Josiah did this stupid thing?

16. In what ways can we do similar stupid things today?



Wars During Kings and Chronicles


Date Wars in the World During Kings and Chronicles 1,000's Dead

1003 BC. David captures Jerusalem
1000 BC. Chou defeat Shang in China
~998 BC. Israel under David vs. Moab 10
~997 BC. Israel Civil War Absalom -2Sam 18:7 20
969 BC. Egypt sacks Gezer as Solomon's wedding present
950 BC. Libyan Shishaq takes Egyptian throne
926 BC. Shishak of Egypt invades Judah
>926 BC. Jeroboam/Abijah Israel/Judah fight 500
918 BC. Shishak destroys Taanach
911-894 BC. Assyrian Adad NIrari II campaigns
909 BC. @Gibbethon Israelites beseige Philistines
900 BC. San Lorenzo, Mexico destroyed by revolt
897 BC. Ethball overthrows Phelles in Tyre
889-886 BC. Assyrian Tukulti Ninurta II campaigns
884/3-878 BC Assyrian Ashurnasirpal II campaigns
866 BC. Assyrian Ashurnasirpal II campaigns
859-824 BC. Assyrian Shalmaneser III 32 campaigns
858 BC. Assyrian Ashurnasirpal II campaigns
858 BC. Assyria fights Urartu
857 BC. Attacked Bit-Adini (Eden)
857 BC. Assyrians capture Carchemish
856 BC. Assyria fights Urartu
853 BC. @Qarqar Assyrians vs. coalition tie
850-841 BC. Assyrians fight Aramaeans
850 BC. Assyria beseiges Gannanatu
9th Century Hasanlu of Urartu burned
843 BC. Assyria sacks Allabria,Parsua,Abdadani,Khaban,Namri
841 BC. Assyrians fight Hazael; fail to take Damascas
841 BC. Jehu rebels and kills the kings of Israel and Judah
841 BC. Assyrian defeats Parasca
839 BC. Assyria campaigns in Cilicia
836 BC. Near Hamadan Shalmaneser III fights Medes
835 BC. Assyria sacks Shalmnas
832 BC. @Arsanies Assyrians defeat Urartu
831 BC. Patinu rebels from Assyria
830-827 BC. Assyria fights Urartu
828 BC. Assyria nsfight against Urartu & sacks Musasin
826-820 BC. Assyrian rebellion
824-805 BC. Urartu Empire expands
809 BC. Assyria fights Media
808 BCC. Assyrians fight Guzanu
807-806 BC. Assyrians fight Mannaeans
804-733 BC. Further Urartu conquests
804 BC. Assyrians attack Damascas
801 BC. Assyria attacks Khubbushkia
800 BC. Spartans conquer Laconia
800-799 BC. Assyria fights Media
800-700 BC. Nubia (Sudan) revolts from Egypt
798 BC. Assyrians fight Lushia
797 BC. Assyrians fight Namri
793-792 BC. Assyria fights Media
791 BC. Assyria attacks Khubbushkia
789-787 BC. Assyria fights Media
Israel vs. Arameans -1 Kings 20:29 127
786 BC. Assyrians fight Kisku
785-784 BC. Assyria attacks Khubbushkia
-616-612 BC Assyrian Empire ends
771 BC. @Hao Zhou King You killed by Rong barbarians
770 BC. Rebellion against Chou; Chou move capital
745 BC. Tiglath Pileser III captures Damascas
743 BC. Civil War in Assyria
743 BC. Assyrians catpure Kashpuna, near Tyre and Sidon
743-740 BC. Arpad beseiged by Assyrians
740 BC. Spartans conquer Messenia
740-710 BC. Scythians overrunn Cimmerians
738 BC. Yaudi in Syria revolts against Assyrians
736 BC. Greeks take Phoenician Malta
735-715 BC. Ahaz Edomites capture Jews under Ahaz 2 Chr 28:17
735-715 BC. Ahaz Philistines raid Judah under Ahaz 2 Chr 28:18
734 BC. Corinth takes Corfu from Eretians
734 BC. Tiglath-Pilezer sacks Hazor
~733 BC. Israel defeats Judah 2 Chr 28:6 120
732 BC. Assyrians capture Damascas
731-724 BC. Piye and Napatans conquer Egypt
724-722 Assyrians beseige Tyre
722 BC. Sargon captures Samaria
721 BC. Assrians conquer Urartu
720 BC. Assyria defeats Arpad, Simirus, Damascas, Samaria
720 BC. Assyrians sack Arpad, Qarqar
717 BC. Assyrians defeat Carchemish
715 BC. Assyrians sack Ashdod and Gath
714 BC. Sargon II raids Lake Van & Mannai in Armenia
713-679 Assyrians & Cimmerians attack Urartu
712 BC. Assyrians conquer Ekron
708 BC. Assyrians capture Samsat, Anatolia
701 BC. Sennancherib &Assyrians capture Usse near Tyre
701 BC. Assyrians besiege Sidon
701 BC. @Eltekah Assyrians meet Egyptians
701 BC. Assyrians sack Megiddo, Samaria, & Gibeah
701 BC. Assyirans conquer Ekron
701 BC. Assyrians sack Lachish many killed 1.5
701 BC. Assyrians killed outside Jerusalem 185
700 BC. Chalcis and Eretia fight
700 BC. Assyria razes Karatepe
700 BC. Assyria fights Kashku
698 BC. Assyrians capture Tarsus
689 BC. Assyrians sack Babylon
686 BC. Assyrians fight Arabs
680 BC. Cimmerians conquer Phrygia
678 BC. Assyrians subdue Babylonian rebels
678 BC. Scythians attack Assyrians
676-673 BC. Assyrians beseige Sidon 3 yrs
675/671 BC. Assyrians capture Memphis
674 BC. @Sile Egyptians defeat Assyrians
672 BC. Assyrians subdue Egyptians
671 BC. Esarhaddon captures Memphis
670 BC. Egyptians rebel
~670 BC. Scythians enter Mannai Kingdom
669 BC. Esarhaddon dies marching against Egyptians
668 BC. Argirus routs Spartans
667 BC. Assurbanipal conquers Egpt
665 BC. Ashurbanipal attacks Phoenicia and later Egypt
664 BC. Tantamani freed Egypt
664-657 BC. Psammetichus I unifies Egypt
653 BC. Scythians dominate Medes
653 BC. Assyrians defeat Elam
653 BC. Egypt free of Assria
652-643 BC. Shamash-shum-ukin rebels against Ashurbanipal
~650 BC. Messenians revolt against Spartans
650 Scythians and Cimmerians raid Palestine
648 BC. Assyrians sack Babylon
646 BC. Assyrians exile Elamites
642-639 BC. Assyrians attack Elam and sack Susa
638 BC. @Hong River Chu defeat Duke Xiang of Song
633 BC. Assyrians sack Thebes
~631/627 BC Medes under Kyaxares beseige Ninevah
630 BC. Di attack north China
626/625 BC. Babylonians gain independence
625 BC. Cyaxares the Mede throws off Scythians
623 BC. Di attack north China
620 BC. Di attack north China
615 BC. Arrapkha captured
614 BC. Asshur captured
614 BC. Medes try to take Ninevah
~613-7-8/612 Medes sack Ninevah (Babylonians too late)
612 BC. Medes conquer Armenia
612-609 BC. Last of Assyrians destroyed
609-606 BC. Babylonians raid North Israel
609/608 BC. Egyptians destroy Megiddo & attack Gaza
606-605 BC. Di attack north China
604 BC. @Carchemish Babylon defeats Egypt
11-12/605/604 Babylonians sack Ashkelon in Philistia
603 BC. Babylonians sack Ekron
601 BC. Babylonians and Egyptians tie; heavy losses
599-598 BC. Babylonians fight Arabs
3/16/597 BC. Babylonians capture Jerusalem
596 BC. Babylonians fight Elam
593 BC. Egyptian Psamtik II+Gr,Phn.,Jewish merc. beat Cush
591 BC. Egypt invades Nubia
589-587 BC. Jews rebel against Babylonians
585-573 BC. Babylon beseiges Tyre
584-584 Nebuchadnezzar II beseiges Tyre
581 BC. Babylonians deport more from Judah
568-567 BC. Apries and Babylonians invade Egypt
559 BC. Medes & Babylonians combine against Persians

Major World Events of This Time

1000 BC. Chou defeat Shang in China
969 BC. Egypt sacks Gezer for Solomon's wedding present
950/945 BC. Libyan Shishaq takes Egyptian throne
926 BC. Shishak of Egypt invades Judah
>926 BC. Jeroboam/Abijah Israel/Judah fight 500
~613-7-8/612 Medes sack Ninevah (Babylonians too late)
604 BC. @Carchemish Babylon defeats Egypt
970 Dedication of Solomomn's Temple
~870 Famine of Elijah in Israel
765 Plague in Ninevah
6/15/763 Total eclipse of thesun
759 Plague in Ninevah around Jonah's time
3/16/597 BC. First an major exil to Babylon
587 BC. Judah taken capture i=to Babylon
538 BC. Exiles return to Jerusalem
540-10/16/539 Persians conquer Babylonian Empire
403-221 B.C. Warring States Period in China
336-6/323 Alexander the Great's Empire


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