The Canon and How Much Did Early Christians Refer to the New Testament - Notes

(December 24, 2015 version)

(Unfinished)

 

For all allusions and references you can see:

http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/e-catena/

 

Since there has been interest in the books of the Bible due to the book and movie, The da Vinci Code, it might in of interest to know what books early church writers referred to.

 

"Let no day pass by without reading some portion of the Sacred Scriptures, at such convenient hour as offers, and giving some space to meditation. And never cast off the habit of reading in the Holy Scriptures; for nothing feeds the soul and enriches the mind so well as those sacred studies do." Letter of Theonas (c.300 A.D.), Bishop of Alexandria, to Lucianus, the Chief Chamberlain ch.9 p.161

 

Apostolic Fathers Together *

Papias disciple of John (95-110 A.D.) *

The Elder [Papias?] (95-117 A.D.) *

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) *

Claudius Apollinaris of Hierapolis (160-177/180 A.D.) *

Melito of Sardis (170-177/180 A.D.) *

Theophilus of Antioch (161-181/188 A.D.) *

Caius and the Muratorian Canon *

Apollonius of Ephesus (c.210 A.D.) *

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) *

Asterius Urbanus (c.232 A.D.) *

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) *

Julius Africanus (232-245 A.D.) *

Gnostic Naassenes *

Origen (225-254 A.D.) *

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) *

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) *

Treatise On Rebaptism (254-257 A.D.) *

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) *

Roman Elders to Cyprian (Letter 2) (250-251 A.D.) *

Moyses et al to Cyprian (Letter 25) (250-251 A.D.) *

Cornelius to Cyprian (Letters 45,47) (246-256 A.D.) *

Roman Elders to Cyprian (Letters 2, 29, 30) (250-251 A.D.) *

Firmilian to Cyprian (Letter 74) (256 A.D.) *

Seventh Council of Carthage (258 A.D.) *

Pontius (after 258 A.D.) *

Gregory Thaumaturgus (240-265 A.D.) *

Dionysius of Alexandria (246-265 A.D.) *

Dionysius of Rome (259-269 A.D.) *

Anatolius of Alexandria (270-280 A.D.) *

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) *

Pierius of Alexandria (c.275 A.D.) *

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) *

Theonas of Alexandria (c.300 A.D.) *

Arnobius (297-303 A.D.) *

Victorinus of Petau in Austria (martyred 304 A.D.) *

Pamphilus (martyred 309 A.D.) *

Peter of Alexandria (285-311 A.D.) *

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) *

Lactantius (c.303-c.325) *

Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.) *

Council of Nicea (325 A.D.) *

Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.) *

Aphrahat the Syrian (337-345 A.D.) *

Basil of Cappadocia (357-379 A.D.) *

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) *

Gregory of Nazianzus (c.330-397 A.D.) *

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) *

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) *

Rufinus (376-404 A.D.) *

John Chrysostom (martyred 407 A.D.) *

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-417 A.D.) *

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) *

Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae (350-370 A.D. or 5th century) *

Ephraim the Syrian (350-378 A.D.) *

Synod of Laodicea (343-381 A.D.) *

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) *

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) *

Arian Heretic Eunomius of Cyzicus (c.360-383/394 A.D.) *

Didymus the Blind (398 A.D.) *

Syriac Book of Steps (Liber Graduum) (350-400 A.D.) *

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) *

Sulpicius/Sulpitius Severus (363-420 A.D.) *

Pelagian Heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) *

Jerome (317-420 A.D.) *

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) *

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) *

Leo I of Rome (440-461 A.D.) *

Prosper Tyro of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) *

John of Damascus (706-749 A.D.) *

John Calvin (A.D.) *

 

 

The following is evidence of how many books early writers referenced.

 

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Apostolic Fathers Together

unfinished

 

"The Apostolic Fathers quoted from at least 17 books of Scripture". This is accurate except that the count is actually 18 books if you include Polycarp quoting a verse of Galatians "God is not mocked" (3 out of 14 Greek words).

 

The quoted books are: Mt, Mk, Lk, Acts, Rom, 1 Cor, 2 Cor, Galatians, Ephesians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 1 John, Revelation

 

Here are the rest of the quotes:

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes Matthew 18:6 (also Mark 9:42) as by the Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Clement ch.46 p.17-18

Letter of Polycarp to the Philippians ch.2 p.33 (110-155 A.D.) quotes all of Matthew 7:1 "but be mindful of what the Lord said in His teaching: 'Judge not, that ye be not judged;"

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes Mark 7:6 1 (Also Matthew 15:8; Isaiah 29:13) 1 Clement ch.15 vol.1 p.9

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes Luke 6:36 Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.2 p.33

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes 1/4 of Acts 20:35f (5 words out of 26 words) 1 Clement vol.1 ch.2 p.5

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes half of Acts 2:24a (7 out of 15 Greek words) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.1 p.33

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:32b 1 Clement ch.35 p.14

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 2:9 1 Clement ch.34 p.14

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes one-fourth of Galatians 6:7 "God is not mocked" (3 out of 14 Greek words) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.5 p.34

Ignatius: Paul wrote a letter to the Ephesians according to Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians ch.12 p.55

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 4:26 "For I trust that ye are well versed in the Sacred Scriptures, ...It is declared then in these Scriptures, 'Be ye angry, and sin not,' and , 'Let not the sun go down upon your wrath.'" (12/12 words of the verse) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.12 p.35

Ignatius quotes 1 Thessalonians 5:17 Ignatius' Letter to Polycarp ch.1 p.93

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes half of 2 Thessalonians 3:15a (5 out of 9 Greek words) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.11 p.35

Ignatius quotes one-fourth of 1 Timothy 1:1 "Jesus Christ who is our hope" Ignatius' Letter to the Magnesians ch.1 p.64

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 6:7 "Knowing, therefore, that 'as we brought nothing into the world, so we can carry nothing out,' (11 out of 12 words) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.4 p.34

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes half of 1 Timothy 6:10a. "But the love of money is the root of all evils." (8 out of 21 words) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.4 p.34

Polycarp: (100-155 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 2:12 He [the Lord] has promised to us that He will raise us again from the dead, and that if we live worthily of Him, 'we shall also reign together with Him,' provided only we believe." Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.5 p.34

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes half of Titus 3:1b "Ye never grudged any act of kindness, being 'ready to every good work.' (6 out of 13 words) 1 Clement ch.2 vol.1 p.5

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes Heb 1:4. "'who being the brightness of His majesty, is by so much greater than the angels, as He hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.' For it is thus written, 'Who maketh His angels spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire.' But concerning His Son the Lord spoke thus: 'thou are my Son, to-day have I begotten Thee. As of Me, and I will give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for Thy possession.' And again He said to Him, 'site thou at Mu right hand, until I make Thine enemies thy footstool.'" 1 Clement ch.36 vol.1 p.15

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes half of Heb 3:2b 1 Clement ch.17 vol.1 p.10

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes three-fourths of Heb 10:37 1 Clement ch.23 vol.1 p.11

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes James 4:6 (same as 1 Peter 5:5b; Proverbs 3:34) 1 Clement ch.30 vol.1 p.13

Polycarp (110-155 A.D.) quotes all of 1 Peter 2:22 in Letter to the Philippians ch.8 p.35.

Polycarp (110-155 A.D.) quotes the first half of 1 Peter 3:9. Letter to the Philippians ch.2 p.33. He also quotes the last fourth of 1 Peter 1:11 in ch.5 p.34. He quotes the first half of 1 Peter 2:23 in ch.8 p.35

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes half of 1 John 4:3a,c (13 out of 34 Greek words, with gaps) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.7 p.34

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes: Revelation 22:12 p.14 (This is also the same as Isaiah 40:10; 62:11) 1 Clement ch.34 vol.1 p.14

 

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Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.)

 

Tertullian (198-220 A.D.) "For this is the manner in which the apostolic churches transmit their registers: as the church of Smyrna, which records that Polycarp was placed therein by John, as also the church of Rome, which makes Clement to have been ordained in like manner by Peter.. In exactly the same way the other churches likewise exhibit (their several worthies), whom, as heaving been appointed to their episcopal places by apostles, they regard as transmitters of the apostolic seed." Prescription Against Heretics ch.32 p.158

 

When did Clement of Rome Martyr write?

Most hold to c.96 A.D, or 97 A.D., and a few 70 A.D.

The Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.1 p.2 says "there was controversy over when Clement wrote this letter. It happened right after a great persecution ended, and there were two persecutions: Nero's in 68 A.D. and Domitian's [96 A.D.]. However, now it is generally agreed that is was right after the second persecution. So Ante-Nicene Fathers p.2 says "the Epistle may be dated about A.D. 97."

David W. Bercot's A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.70 says c.96 A.D.

Cyril C. Richardson in Early Christian Fathers says Clement wrote "about 96 A.D.".

The Anchor Bible Dictionary vol.,1 p.1055 says "late 1st century C.E."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apostolic_Fathers says c.96 A.D.

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04012c.htm (2/26/2011) does not give a date for when 1 Clement was written, but it suggests that he died 99 A.D.

Titus Flavius Clemens was a Roman proconsul who was executed on the charge of "atheism" in 95 A.D. "Atheism" was a common charge against Christians believed they were "Atheistic" towards the Roman gods. If he was the author of 1 Clement, then it had to have been written before 96 A.D. It is not known for sure if he was the author or not. However, early Christians never suggested that he was the author.

 

Matthew 18:6 quotes as by the Lord Jesus Christ: Mt 18:6 (Also Mark 9:42) 1 Clement ch.46 vol.1 p.17-18; vol.9 p.243

1 Clement Quote: Mark 7:6 (Also Mt 15:8; Isa 29:13) 1 Clement ch.15 vol.1 p.9 vol.9 p.233

1/2 Quote Luke 6:38a,b 1 Clement ch.13 vol.1 p.8 vol.9 p.233

Acts 20:35f quote 1 Clement ch.2 vol.1 p.5; vol.9 p.229 (5 words out of 26 words)

Clement of Rome (96-98 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:32b 1 Clement ch.34 vol.1 p.14; vol.9 p.239

1 Clement Quote: 1 Corinthians 2:9 1 Clement ch.34 vol.1 p.14, vol.9 p.239

Colossians 1:18 1 Clement ch.24 vol.1 p.11; vol.9 p.236 (mention of first fruits) allusion

1 Thessalonians 2:12,13 1 Clement vol.1 p.11 allusion

1 Timothy 5:21 1 Clement vol.1 p.11 allusion

Titus 3:1b 1/2 quote: 1 Clement vol.1 p.5

Titus 5:1b 1/2 Quote 1 Clement vol.1 p.5

Clement of Rome (97/98 A.D.) quotes Hebrews 1:4 Quote:1 Clement vol.1 p.15

Clement of Rome (97/98 A.D.) quotes half of Hebrews 3:2b 1 Clement vol.1 p.10

Clement of Rome (97/98 A.D.) quotes one-fourth of Hebrews 10:37 1 Clement vol.1 ch.23 vol.1 p.11 vol.9 p.236

Clement of Rome (97/98 A.D.) James 4:6 quote (also 1 Peter 5:5b; Proverbs 3:34) 1 Clement vol.1 p.13

Clement of Rome (97/98 A.D.) 2 Peter 2:5 Allusion 1 Clement ch.7 vol.1 p.7 vol.9 p.231

Clement of Rome (97/98 A.D.) Revelation 22:12 (also Isaiah 40:10; 62:11) Quote 1 Clement ch.34 vol.1 p.14; vol.9 p.239

 

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Letter of Barnabas (c.100 A.D.)

 

When was the Letter of Barnabas written?

Roberts & Donaldson in Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.1 p.151 says "[A.D. 100]"

David W. Bercot's A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.xvi says "c.70-110" [A.D.]

 

Letter of Barnabas ch.16.3 refers to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., so it undoubtedly was after that.

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quoted from the Letter of Barnabas, so it had to be before that.

 

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02299a.htm (2/26/2011) says, "It is necessary, therefore, to fall back on verses 3-5 of chapter xvi. Reference is here made to the command given by Adrian in A.D. 130 for the reconstruction, in honour of Jupiter, of the Temple at Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by Titus. Adrian had also forbidden the Jews to practice circumcision. The writer of the letter makes allusion to this (ch. ix, 4). The epistle must, consequently, have been written in A.D. 130-131."

The Letter of Barnabas ch.16 says, "Ye perceived that their hope is vain. Moreover, He again says, 'Behold, they who have cast down this temple [in Jerusalem], even though they shall build it up again.' It has so happened. For through their going to war, it was destroyed by their enemies, and now they, as servants of their enemies, shall rebuild it."

However, it was not the Jews who rebuilt the Temple as a temple to Jupiter, so this is problematic.

 

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.4 p.139 quotes Matthew 22:14

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.19 p.148 quotes half of Matthew 5:42 (also Luke 6:30)

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.5 p.139 quotes half of Matthew 9:13b

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.4 p.139 quotes Matthew 20:16b (Ephraemi Rescriptus, Byzantine Lectionary)

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.12 p.145 quotes Matthew 22:43-45 (also Psalm 110:1)

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.5 p.139 quotes half of Mark 2:17b (also Matthew 9:13b; Luke 5:32)

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.5 p.139 quotes Luke 5:32 (also Matthew 9:13; Mark 2:17)

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.19 p.148 quotes half of Luke 6:30 (also Matthew 5:42)

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.6 p.141 alludes to John 1:14 "He was to be manifested in flesh, and to sojourn among us."

The Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.7 p.142 alludes to Acts 14:22

2 Corinthians Allusion: Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.18 p.148

Colossians 1:16 Allusion: Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.12 p.145

Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.12 p.145 alludes to 1 Timothy 3:16

Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.6 p.141 quotes Hebrews 2:12 (also Psalm 22:23)

Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.19 p.149 alludes to James 1:8

Letter of Barnabas (100-150 A.D.) ch.15 p.146 alludes to 2 Peter 3:8

 

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Papias disciple of John (95-110 A.D.)

 

When did Papias write?

Roberts & Donaldson in Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.1 p.151 says Papias "[70-155 A.D.]" "Later writers affirm that he suffered martyrdom about A.D. 163."

David W. Bercot's A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.xix says "c. 60-130"

Vernon Bartlet shows that earlier, later dates are incorrect, and a more likely range is 95-110 A.D. JETS 26/2 June 1983 p.181-191. http://www.etsjets.org/files/JETS-PDFs/26/26-2/26-2-pp181-191_JETS.pdf

 

Papias refers by name to the books of Mark, Matthew, First Epistle of John and the Epistle of Peter. Fragment 6 from Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History book 3 ch.39 p.173. Eusebius is writing, and Eusebius questioned 2 Peter, so the Epistle of Peter would refer to 1 Peter.

Eusebius in his Ecclesiastical History book 3 ch.39 p.170-171 says Papias wrote this: "But concerning Matthew he [Papias] writes as follows: 'So then Matthew wrote the oracles in the Hebrew language, and every one interpreted them as he was able." So it might be that the Gospel of Matthew was originally written in Hebrew and then translated into Greek.

Eusebius writes, "As the Presbyters say" and later quotes 1 Corinthians 15:25,26 as said by the apostle. Then quotes 1 Corinthians 15:27,28 Fragment 5 vol.1 p.154. However, footnote 2 says "it is a mere guess that the saying of the presbyters is taken from the work of Papias." So 1 Corinthians is not counted at all for Papias.

 

Arthur Cushan McGiffert in his translation of The Church History of Eusebius footnote 20 p.154 says "The Apocalypse is one of the best authenticated books of the New Testament. It was used by Papias..." While I fully agree with the other things he says about Revelation (the Apocalypse) there is some uncertainty about Papias referring to the Book of Revelation.

Evidence that Papias Referred to Revelation

In fragment 8 (from Andreas Caesariensis) "With regard to the inspiration of the book (Revelation), we deem it superfluous to add another word; for the blessed Gregory Thaumaturgus and Cyril, and even men of still older date, Papias, Irenaeus, Methodius, and Hippolytus, bore entirely satisfactory testimony to it."

"The same person [Papias], moreover, has set down other things as coming to him from unwritten tradition, amongst these some strange parables and instructions of the Saviour, and some other things of a more fabulous nature. Amongst these he says that there will be a millennium after the resurrection from the dead, when the personal reign of Christ will be established on this earth...." [This is clearly taught in Revelation 20 and no where else in the Bible] Fragment 6 p.154. From Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History book 3 ch.39. Eusebius was against chiliasm, and thought to be biased against Papias and not confirming the canonicity of the Book of Revelation because of this.

On the other hand...

Papias was a direct disciple of John the apostle, so one could argue that the previous quote is from what Papias got from John verbally, not from the book of Revelation. However, the fragment from Andreas Caesariensis (written 500 A.D.) says that Papias among others bore witness to the book of Revelation. If Andreas had additional information besides what was in Irenaeus, Eusebius, and Jerome, this would be an allusion. If not, then this would not be an allusion. So this counts as a question mark.

 

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The Elder [Papias?] (95-117 A.D.)

 

The Elders (95-117 A.D.) [Papias?] quote half of John 14:2 as "The Lord said". "that on this account the Lord said, 'In my Father's house are many mansions:'" fragment 5 p.154

 

 

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Didache (120-150 A.D.)

 

When was the Didache Written?

 

Cyril C. Richardson in Early Christian Fathers p.161 says scholars once believe the Didache was "as early as A.D. 70-90. Recent study, however, has conclusively shown that, in the form we have it, it belongs to the second century. There is, nevertheless, no unanimity among scholars about its exact date and purpose."

 

The Didache (120-150 A.D.) vol.7 ch.1 p.377 quotes Luke 6:30 "Give to every one that asks you, and ask it not back;"

Didache (=Teaching of the Twelve Apostles) (c.125 A.D.) vol.7 ch.1 p.377 quotes one-fourth of 1 Peter 2:11.

Didache (=Teaching of the Twelve Apostles) (c.125 A.D.) vol.7 ch.16 p.382 alludes to 1 Peter 4:12, "the fire of trial"

The Didache (120-150 A.D.) ch.16 p.382 alludes to Revelation 12:9 and other verse. It says, "then shall appear the world-deceiver as Son of God, and shall do signs and wonders, and the earth shall be delivered into his hands, and he shall do iniquitous things which have never yet come to pass since the beginning. Then shall the creation of men come into the fire of trial, and many shall be made to stumble and shall perish; but they that endure in their faith shall be saved from under the curse itself. And then shall appear the sings of the truth; first, the sign of an outspreading in heaven; then the sign of the sound of the trumpet; and the third, the resurrection of the dead; yet not of all, but as it is said: The Lord shall come and all His saints with Him. Then shall the world see the Lord coming upon the clouds of heaven."

The Didache (120-150 A.D.) ch.11 p.380 uses the word Maranatha, which is in Revelation 22:20.

 

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04779a.htm says "the Didache must be set either in the first century or else in some backwater of church life.... Since in that work the visit of an apostle or of a pretended apostle is contemplated as a not improbable event, we cannot place the book later than about 80. The limit, would seem to be from 65 to 80. Harnack gives 131-160, holding that Barnabas and the Didache independently employ a Christianized form of the Jewish "Two Ways", while Did., xvi, is citing Barnabas a somewhat roundabout hypothesis. He places Barnabas in 131, and the Didache later than this. Those who date Barnabas under Vespasian mostly make the Didache the borrower in cc. i-v and xvi. Many, with Funk, place Barnabas under Nerva. The commoner view is that which puts the Didache before 100. Bartlett agrees with Ehrhard that 80-90 is the most probable decade. Sabatier, Minasi, Jacquier, and others have preferred a date even before 70."

 

 

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"A.D. 125 Polycarp quotes Ephesians twice and refers to it as 'Sacred Scripture.'"

 

Ephesians 4:26 "For I trust that ye are well versed in the Sacred Scriptures, ...It is declared then in these Scriptures, 'Be ye angry, and sin not,' and , 'Let not the sun go down upon your wrath.'" (12/12 words of the verse) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.12 p.35

Ephesians 2:8,9 quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.1 p.33

Ephesians 6:11 allusion Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.4 p.34

 

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Ignatius (c.110-117 A.D.)

 

There are longer and shorter recensions of Ignatius, but this is only from the shorter recension. There are also some spurious letters from Ignatius, and these are not included here.

 

Matthew 3:15m 1/2 Quote Ignatius' Letter to the Smyrnaeans ch.1 p.86

Matthew 16:26a 1/2 Quote Ignatius's Letter to the Romans ch.6 p.77

Mt 18:19 Allusion Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians ch.5 p.51

quote of Mt 19:12f Ignatius' Letter to the Smyrnaeans ch.6 p.89

John 3:8 allusion "For it knows both whence it comes and whither it goes" Ignatius' Letter to the Philadelphians ch.7 p.83

1 Corinthians 1:20 Quote Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians ch.18 p.56-57. After this is a paraphrase, but it is an unmistakable reference.

1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19 Allusion Ignatius' Letter to the Philadelphians ch.7 p.84

1 Corinthians 6:19 Allusion "we are temples of God" in Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians ch.15 p.56

Paul wrote a letter to the Ephesians according to Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians ch.12 p.55

Ephesians 5:2 partial quote Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians ch.1 p.49

Ephesians 5:25a 1/2 Quote Ignatius' Letter to Polycarp ch.5 p.100

1 Thessalonians 5:17 Quote Ignatius' Letter to \Polycarp ch.1 p.93

Ignatius (c.110-117 A.D.) quotes of 1 Timothy 1:1 "Jesus Christ who is our hope" Ignatius' Letter to the Magnesians ch.1 p.64

Titus 1:2 Allusion "before the beginning of time" Ignatius' Letter to the Magnesians ch.6 p.61

Ignatius (100-107/116 A.D.) alludes to 1 Peter 2:5 "which were sown by them, as being stones of the temple of the Father, prepared for the building of God the Father" Letter to the Ephesians ch.9 p.53

Ignatius (100-107/116 A.D.) quotes a small part of 1 Peter 5:5, which is also one-fourth of James 4:6 and Proverbs 3:34. "For it is written, 'God resists the proud.'" Letter to the Ephesians ch.5 p.51

Ignatius (c.110-117 A.D.) quotes half of 1 John 3:7a and alludes to 1 John 3:10 in Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians ch.14 p.55

 

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Epistle to Diognetus (c.130 A.D.)

 

When was the Letter to Diognetus written?

Roberts & Donaldson in Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.1 p.23 says "[A.D. 130]"

David W. Bercot A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.370 says "c.125" [A.D.]

The Anchor Bible Dictionary vol.2 p.201 says "late 2d century" and "from around A.D. 200"

www.NewAdvent.org/cathen/05008b.htm (2/26/2011) says, "the date is anywhere between the Apostles and the age of Constantine. It was clearly composed during a severe persecution."

 

"...the faith of the gospels is established, and the tradition of the Apostles is preserved..." To Diognetus (c.130 A.D.) ch.11 p.29

 

Letter to Diognetus ch.9 p.28 (c.130 A.D.) alludes to Matthew 6:25 says that the Savior taught us to trust in ... so that we should not be anxious concerning clothing and food.

Letter to Diognetus ch.8 p.28 (c.130 A.D.) alludes to Matthew 19:17

Letter to Diognetus ch.6 p.27 alludes to John 17:11,14,16

Letter to Diognetus (c.130 A.D.) ch.5 p.27 (3/4 quote) quotes 11 out of 16 words of 2 Corinthians 6:10.

Letter to Diognetus (c.130 A.D.) ch.5 p.27 alludes to 2 Corinthians 6:9.

Letter to Diognetus ch.4 p.26 alludes to Galatians 4:10. "observing months and days" To Diognetus p.26

Allusion: Philippians 3:20 "citizens of heaven" To Diognetus ch.5 p.27

Letter to Diognetus (c.130 A.D.) ch.11 p.29 alludes to 1 Timothy 3:16

Letter to Diognetus (c.130 A.D.) ch.6 p.27 alludes to 1 Peter 2:11

Letter to Diognetus (c.130 A.D.) ch.8 p.28 alludes to 1 Peter 3:15 (4 out of 30 words)

 

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Polycarp (c.150 A.D.)

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apostolic_Fathers says Polycarp lived fro 69-150 A.D.

 

Letter of Polycarp to the Philippians ch.2 p.33 (110-155 A.D.) quotes all of Matthew 7:1 "but be mindful of what the Lord said in His teaching: 'Judge not, that ye be not judged;'"

Matthew 6:13a 1/2 quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.7 p.34-35

Matthew 26:41b 1/2 quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.7 p.34-35

Mark 14:38b 1/2 quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.7 p.34-35

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes a third of Luke 6:37 "forgive, and it shall be forgiven unto you;" Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.2 p.33.

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes what is Matthew 7:2 and Luke 6:38. "with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again;" Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.3 p.33.

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) quotes loosely what is both Matthew 5:3,10 and Luke 6:20. "Blessed are the poor, and those that are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of God." Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.3 p.33.

These are all the references Polycarp's letter has to Luke.

Acts 2:24a 1/2 Quote (7 out of 15 Greek words) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.1 p.33

Acts 17:31 allusion Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.2 p.33

Romans 14:10b,12 1 1/2 quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.6 p.34

Romans 8:11a quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.2 p.33 (also 2 Cor 4:14 )

Romans 12:17 allusion ch.6 p.34 (also 2 Cor 8:31)

1 Cor 6:9,10b 1 1/2 Quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.5 p.34

2 Corinthians 4:14a Allusion Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.2 p.33 (also Rom 8:11a )

2 Corinthians 8:21b 1/2 quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.6 p.34 (also Romans 12:17)

Galatians 6:7 Quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.5 p.34

Galatians 2:2 allusion Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.9 p.35

Ephesians 4:26 quote "For I trust that ye are well versed in the Sacred Scriptures, ...It is declared then in these Scriptures, 'Be ye angry, and sin not,' and , 'Let not the sun go down upon your wrath.'" (12/12 words of the verse) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.12 p.35

Polycarp (100-155 A.D.) says that the blessed and glorified Paul wrote the Philippians a letter. Letter to the Philippians ch.3 p.33 He also alludes to Philippians 2:16 in ch.9 p.35

1 Thessalonians 5:17 quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.4 p.34 two words: "pray continually"

2 Thessalonians 3:15a 1/2 Quote (5 out of 9 Greek words) Letter of Polycarp to the Philippians ch.11 p.35

Polycarp (c.150 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 6:7 Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.4 p.34

Polycarp (c.150 A.D.) quotes the first half of 1 Timothy 6:10 Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.4 p.34

2 Timothy 2:12 Quote Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.5 p.34

Polycarp (110-155 A.D.) quotes all of 1 Peter 2:22 in Letter to the Philippians ch.8 p.35.

Polycarp (110-155 A.D.) quotes the first half of 1 Peter 3:9. Letter to the Philippians ch.2 p.33. He also quotes the last fourth of 1 Peter 1:11 in ch.5 p.34. He quotes the first half of 1 Peter 2:23 ch.8 p.35. Polycarp quotes the first half of 1 Peter 2:24 in ch.9 p.35. He alludes to 1 Peter 1:8 in ch.1 p.33, 1 Peter 1:13 in ch.3 p.33, and 1 Peter 4:7 in ch.7 p.34

1 John 4:3a,c 1/2 quote (13 out of 34 words, with gaps) Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.7 p.34

1 John 4:9 Allusion Polycarp's Letter to the Philippians ch.9 p.35 we might live in him

 

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Justin Martyr (c.138-165 A.D.)

 

When did Justin Martyr write?

Roberts & Donaldson in Ante-Nicene Fathers say he lived from 110-165 A.D. (p.159), though he may have been born in 114 A.D. p.160

He became a martyr under Marcus Aurelius. The Chronicon Paschale gives the date at 165 A.D.

David W. Bercot's A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.38,218 gives a date for Justin at c.160 A.D.)

The Anchor Bible Dictionary vol.3 p.1133 says Justin war martyred 165 A.D.

 

The First Apology of Justin says that Christ was born 150 years ago. (p.178) This dates The First Apology of Justin but not necessarily his other works.

Cyril C. Richardson in Early Christian Fathers says that the Justin's First Apology speaks of an episode under the Felix prefect of Alexandria. Felix held the prefecture from 151-154 A.D. "We may date it safely about 155." Also Justin's First Apology is addressed to the Emperor Antonius Pius, who began as emperor in 147 A.D. Richardson says the events of the Dialogue with Trypho may have been before Justin's First Apology but he thinks the Writing of the Dialogue with Trypho was written after the First Apology.

http://www.christianitytoday.com/ch/131christians/evangelistsandapologists/martyr.html says the Dialogue with Trypho took place about 132 A.D., and his first apology was written 155 A.D. It says Justin Martyr died 165 A.D.

Wikipedia says that Justin was killed when Marcus Aurelius was Emperor and Junius Rusticus was prefect of Rome. He was prefect between 162 and 168 A.D.

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08580c.htm

Says Justin was born about 100 A.D., converted to Christianity about 130 A.D., and suffered martyrdom about the year 165 A.D.

 

Justin Martyr (c.138-165 A.D.) mentions "how the New Testament, which God formerly announced" Dialogue with Trypho the Jew ch.51 p.221.

Justin Martyr (151-155 A.D.) "For the Apostles, in the memoirs composed by them, which are called Gospels, have thus delivered unto us what was enjoined upon them;" First Apology of Justin ch.66 p.185

Justin Martyr (c.138-165 A.D.) clearly paraphrases Acts 1:9 in On the Resurrection ch.9 p.298

Justin Martyr (c.138-165 A.D.) mentions a literal millennium in Dialogue with Trypho the Jew ch.75-81 p.236-240. In ch.81 he says, "And further, there was a certain man with us, whose name was John, one of the apostles of Christ, who prophesied, by a revelation that was made to him, that those who believed in our Christ would dwell a thousand years in Jerusalem; and that thereafter the general, and, in short, the eternal resurrection and judgment of all men would likewise take place."

Justin Martyr (c.138-165 A.D.) quotes all of Ephesians 4:8 except for the first word (Therefore). "And I [Justin] said to him, 'Listen, O friend, for I am not mad or beside myself; but it was prophesied that, after the ascent of Christ to heaven, He would deliver us from error and give us gifts. The words are these: `He ascended up on high; He led captivity captive; He gave gifts to men.'" Dialogue with Trypho the Jew ch.39 Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.1 p.214. (not in the book's index of verses)

 

Justin Martyr (135-165 A.D.) refers to 1 John 3:1b according to The Greek New Testament 4th revised edition by Aland et al. However, I have not been able to confirm this in the writings of Justin that I have.

 

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Bardesan (born 154 A.D. died 224-230 A.D.)

 

No quotes or allusions from the New Testament, and none from the Old, except an allusion to Genesis 1:27 on p.724.

 

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Tatian

 

The Encratite heretic Tatian (-177 A.D.) quotes one-fourth of Titus 1:12 "though some one says that the Cretans are liars." Address of Tatian to the Greeks ch.27 p.76

The heretic Tatian (-177 A.D.) wrote a harmony of the four gospels called the Diatessaron, which means "the four". In it he refers to 819 verses in Matthew. That is 76% of the entire gospel.

The heretic Tatian (-177 A.D.) wrote a harmony of the four gospels called the Diatessaron. In it he refers to 402 verses in Mark. That is 59% of the entire gospel.

Tatian (died 170 A.D.) alludes to Romans 1:20 in Address of Tatian to the Greeks ch.4 p.66.

 

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2 Clement (c.150 A.D.)

 

When was 2 Clement Written?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apostolic_Fathers 140-160 A.D.

 

2 Clement ch.3 p.252 quotes Matthew 10:32 as by Jesus and also alludes to Matthew 22:37.

2 Clement ch.4 p.252 paraphrases Matthew 7:21.

2 Clement ch.5 p.252 quotes Matthew 5:28 as by Jesus.

2 Clement ch.9 p.253 paraphrases Matthew 12:50 as by Jesus

2 Clement (c.150 A.D.) ch.13 p.254 quotes loosely Luke 6:32 as the Lord is speaking. "No thank have ye, if ye love them which love you, but ye have thank, if ye love your enemies and them which hate you."

2 Clement (c.150 A.D.) ch.13 p.254 quotes part of Matthew 9:13 and Luke 6:32 as Scripture. "An another Scripture saith, 'I came not to call the righteous, but sinners." 2 Clement also refers to quotes Matthew 6:24 and Luke 16:13, in ch.16 p.252.

2 Clement (c.150 A.D.) ch.5 p.252 refers to a conversation of Peter and Jesus that is not in Scripture, and concluding it with a quote of Matthew 10:28 and Luke 12:4,5.

These are all the references 2 Clement has to Luke.

2 Clement ch.11 p.520 quotes half of 1 Corinthians 2:9

2 Clement (c.150 A.D.) ch.16 p.255 quotes 1 Peter 4:8b.

2 Clement (c.150 A.D.) ch.14 p.255 alludes to 1 Peter 1:20.

2 Clement ch.11 vol.9 p.254 quotes 1 Clement ch.23

2 Clement ch.12 vol.7 p.520 and vol.9 p.254 quotes from the Gospel According to the Egyptians as by the Lord

 

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Shepherd of Hermas (c.160 A.D.)

 

When was the Shepherd of Hermas written?

Roberts & Donaldson in Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.2 p.3 says "[A.D. 160]"

David W. Bercot A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.xvii says "1st or 2d century"

 

 

Shepherd of Hermas (c.160 A.D.) book 1 Fourth Vision ch.2 p.18 quotes one-fourth of Matthew 26:24 "better were it for them not to have been born."

Shepherd of Hermas (c.160 A.D.) alludes to Matthew 10:39 (book 1 Second Vision ch.2 p.11); 13:5 (p.50); 13:29 (p.33); 18:3 (p.53); 18:33 (p.53); 23:6 (p.16)

Shepherd of Hermas (c.160) book 2 ch.6 p.30 quotes half of Luke 13:2, which is also Matthew 10:28.

The Shepherd of Hermas (160 A.D.) book 1 ch.2 p.18 quotes half of Acts 4:12.

Shepherd of Hermas (115-140 A.D.) quotes half of 1 Peter 5:17 in book 1 ch.10 p.16-17

 

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Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.)

 

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) vol.8 p.779 quotes Luke 1:6 "He [Zechariah] had walked therefore in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless"

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) vol.8 p.779 alludes to Luke 1:67 "and having himself the Advocate, the Spirit, more abundantly than Zacharias;"

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) vol.8 p.779 quotes John 16: 2

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) vol.8 p.784 quotes half of Acts 7:60 "even as Stephen the perfect Witness, 'Lord, lay not this sin to their charge.'"

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) p.778 quotes 3/4 of Romans 8:18

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) p.783-784 quotes Philippians 2:6

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (Lyons) vol.8 p.783 (177 A.D.) "for they felt no shame that they had been overcome, for they were not possessed of human reason; but their defeat only the more inflamed their range, and governor and people, like a wild beast, showed a like unjust hatred of us, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, 'He that is unjust, let him be unjust still; and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still.'" [Revelation 22:11]

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (177 A.D.) p.783 quotes part of Revelation 14:4 p.779 and paraphrase Revelation 22:11 (which is also Daniel 12:10). This work quotes Revelation 1:5 and half of Revelation 3:14 on p.784.

 

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Claudius Apollinaris of Hierapolis (160-177/180 A.D.)

 

Claudius Apollinaris (160-180 A.D.) mentions Matthew, the Gospels, and the law. Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.8 ch.772

 

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Melito of Sardis (170-177/180 A.D.)

unfinished

 

A copy of Melito's Homily on the Passover and Phileas's Apology is contained in p72 (Bodmer 7 and 8) dated ca.300 A.D. according to The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts by Philip W. Comfort and David P. Barrett p.479.

 

Melito wrote many works, all of which are listed by Eusebius and Jerome. However, we only have a few preserved. We have some collected by Routh, in his Reliquiae Sacrae, i. and fragments of Melito's Apology of Christianity preserved by Eusebius. (Ecclesiastical History book 4 ch.26.). We also have a Syrian translation of another apology, discovered by Tattam in a Nitrian Desert monastery in the Nitrian desert, and edited by Cureton, in Spicil Syr. and by Pitra-Renan, in Spicil. Solesmense. But its authenticity is doubtful. Melito was distinctive in that he omits Esther and Nehemiah, as well as the apocrypha, from the Old Testament canon. Like Tertullian, he believes God is corporeal.

 

Melito of Sardis (170-180 A.D.) alludes to Psalm 19 ch.1 p.751

Melito of Sardis (170-180 A.D.) mentions Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, 1 Samuel (calling it 1 Kings), Job, Psalms, Daniel, Micah all by name. Oration on the Lord's Passion ch.9 p.760-761

Melito of Sardis (170-180 A.D.) mentions Luke and Mark as the "gospel". Mention of 1 Corinthians as by the apostle. Quote from Hebrews. Oration on the Lord's Passion ch.9 p.760-761

Melito of Sardis (170-180 A.D.) mentions 1 Thessalonians as by the apostle. Oration on the Lord's Passion ch.9 p.762

 

Melito of Sardis (170-180 A.D.) mentions the Old Testament. This implies a New Testament.

 

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Hegesippus (170-180 A.D.)

 

Hegesippus (c.170 A.D.) Five Books of Commentaries on the Acts of the Church ch.3 vol.8 p.764 mentions the Scripture of the Gospels.

 

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Theophilus of Antioch (161-181/188 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Theophilus of Antioch quotes all or part of twelve verses from the New Testament.

 

"A.D. 161-181/188 A.D. Theophilus bishop of Antioch refers to the Gospels.

 

Theophilus to Autolycus (168-181/188 A.D.) book 3 ch.12 p.114 says "found both with the prophets and in the Gospels, because they all spoke inspired by one Spirit of God."

Theophilus of Antioch (168-181/188 A.D.) quotes Matthew 5:28 as "the voice of the Gospel" in Theophilus to Autolycus book 3 ch.3 p.115

Theophilus of Antioch (168-181/188 A.D.) quotes Luke 18:27 in Theophilus to Autolycus book 2 ch.13 p.99

Theophilus of Antioch (168-181/188 A.D.) was the first to mention the gospel was by John according to both my own study and the Believer's Bible Commentary p.1463. He write "John says" and then quotes John 1:1a in Theophilus to Autolycus book 2 ch.22 p.103.

Theophilus of Antioch (168-181/188 A.D.) quotes Romans 2:7 and 2:8,9 in Theophilus to Autolycus book 1 ch.14 p.93. He quotes part of Romans 13:7,8 in Theophilus to Autolycus book 3 ch.14 p.115. These are the only places where he refers to Romans.

Theophilus of Antioch (161-181/188 A.D.) does not refer to Acts or Revelation.

Matthew 5:28,32,44,46 p.116

Matthew 6:3 p.115

Romans 2:7,8,9 p.93

1 Corinthians 2:9 p.93

1 Timothy 2:2 p.115

 

Among Heretics and Spurious Works

Tatian (died 170 A.D.) wrote a harmony of the gospels called The Diatessaron, meaning "the four"

 

 

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Caius and the Muratorian Canon

(c.170-200 A.D.)

(unfinished)

 

"A.D. c.170 Muratorian Canon Fragment (22 books)". It mentions all but 5 books: Hebrews, James, 1 or 2 Peter, or 3 John.

 

David W. Bercot's A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.84 says the Muratorian Canon was "c.200" [A.D.]

 

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10642a.htm says

"about 180-200"

 

http://www.bible-researcher.com/muratorian.html

 

Muratorian Canon 1. (190-217 A.D.) Third book of the gospels is Luke. (So the unnamed Matthew and Mark are counted as two.)

Muratorian Canon 1. (190-217 A.D.) Fourth Gospel is that of John. Muratorian Canon 1.

Muratorian Canon (190-217 A.D.) ch.2 mentions of Acts of the Apostles by Luke.

The Muratorian Canon (190-217 A.D.) mentions that Paul wrote to seven churches in his epistles, Corinthians (2 letters), Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Galatians, Thessalonians (2 letters), Romans. Paul wrote Philemon, Titus, two letters to Timothy.

The Muratorian Canon (190-217 A.D.) "John wrote the Apocalypse. Two letters belonging to John, or bearing the name John. The Epistle of Jude." ANF vol.5 p.603.

 

The Muratorian Canon (c.170 A,D.) ch.3 p.603 mentions the Old Testament.

 

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Athenagoras (176-177 A.D.)

unfinished

 

When was Athenagoras' Apology written?

Roberts & Donaldson in Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.2 p.125 says "[A.D. 177]" and on p.127 "about A.D. 177".

 

Cyril C. Richardson in Early Christian Fathers p.291 says, "The date of the Pleas can be determined with reasonable certainty. It is addressed to the emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Aurelius Commodus. The latter is doubtless Marcus Aurelius' son, who was raised to the purple in A.D. 176. ... Another indication of the data is the mention of the profound peace which the Empire is enjoying (ch.1). The only period between A.D. 176 and the date of Marcus Aurelius' death in A.D. 180 that would adequately fit this reference is 176-177.... Since, too, Athenagoras makes no mention of the violent, though local, outbreak of persecution in Lyons and Vienne, which occurred in the latter part of A.D. 177, we may safely assume that the Plea was written between the end of A.D. 176 and the early part of A.D. 177."

 

Athenagoras (177 A.D.) quotes Matthew 19:6. A Plea for Christians ch.33 p.146-147

Athenagoras (177 A.D.) quotes Luke 6:27,28, which is also Matthew 5:44,45. A Plea for Christians ch.11 p.134

Athenagoras (177 A.D.) quotes Luke 6:32,34, which is also Matthew 5:46. A Plea for Christians ch.12 p.134

Athenagoras (177 A.D.) quotes part of 1 Corinthians 15:54 as "in the language of the apostle" The Resurrection of the Dead ch.18 p.159

 

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Irenaeus (wrote 182-188 A.D.)

 

Irenaeus recognized in the New Testament 25 books and letters, or every book except Philemon and 3 John.

 

Anatolius of Alexandria (270-280 A.D.) refers to Irenaeus in ch.10 p.149.

 

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) mentions the New Testament and the Old Testament in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 5 ch.34.1 p.563. He also mentions it on p.564

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) "It is not possible that the Gospels can be either more or fewer in number than they are. ... the 'pillar and ground' of the Church is the Gospel and the spirit of life; it is fitting that she should have four pillars, breathing out immortality on every side." Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.11.8

Irenaeus mentions "examining the gospels" in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 2 ch.22.3 p.390

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Matthew 1:1 as by Matthew. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.16.2 p.440

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Mark 1:1 as by Mark. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.16.3 p.441

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Luke 1:6 as by Luke. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.10.1 p.423

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes John 1:14 as by John. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 1 ch.8.5 p.328-329

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) in Against Heresies book 3 ch.16.2 p.440 mentions the Apostle John along with the other gospel writers. In book 3 ch.11.1-2 p.426 he quotes John 1:1,10,11,14 as being by John.

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Acts 8:9-11,20,21,23 (Simon the Sorcerer) as written by Luke. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 1 ch.23.1 p.347

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes all or part of 18 verses in Mark. In Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 chapter 10.5 p.425 mentions Mark, the interpreter and follower of Peter, in his Gospel narrative, and quotes Mark 1:2a. In the first twelve chapters of Mark Irenaeus quotes or paraphrases are Mark 1:1,2,24; 3:27; 4:28; 5:31; 9:23; 10:38; 13:32; 14:21b; 16:19.

Irenaeus alludes to Mark 6:41,44; 9:2; 10:17; 13:33.

Irenaeus mentions Jesus conferring the power to tread on serpents and scorpions, which is a reference to Luke 10:19, but could also refer to Mark 16:17,18.

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:1-4 as by Paul writing to the Romans. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.16.3 p.441. Also Romans 8:36 as by Paul in his letter address to the Romans in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 2 ch.22.2 p.390

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 6:12 as by Paul in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.37.4 p.519

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 8:14 as by Paul. Irenaeus Fragment 26 p.574

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 7:7-9 as by Paul in the Second to the Corinthians in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 5 p.3.1 p.529

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Galatians 4:4-5 as by Paul writing to the Galatians. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.16.3 p.441

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 5:30 as by Paul in his letter to the Ephesians in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 5 ch.2.2 p.528

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Philippians 4:18 as "Paul also says to the Philippians" in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.18.4 p.485. He also quotes from Philippians 2:11

Quotes Colossians 3:5 as by the apostle in the letter to the Colossians. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 5 ch.12.3 p.538

Quotes 1 Thessalonians 5:23 as "in the first Epistle to the Thessalonians". Irenaeus Against Heresies book 5 ch.6.1 p.532

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 2 Thessalonians 2:11 as in the Second to the Thessalonians. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.29.1 p.502. He also quotes 2 Thessalonians 2:4 as by Paul "in the second to the Thessalonians" ibid book 3 ch.7.2 p.420.

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) alludes to 1 Timothy 6:4,5 as by Paul. Irenaeus Fragment 36 p.574

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 4:10,11 as by Paul in the epistles. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 14.1 p.438

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes part of Titus 3:10 saying it is by Paul. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 1 ch.16.3 p.341

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Hebrews 13:15b as by Paul. Irenaeus Fragment 37 p.575

Quote: James 2:23 Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.13.4 p.478 "Abraham ... and so became 'the friend of God.' But the Word of God..." In Isaiah 41:8b God says "or descendants of Abraham my friend".

Quote: James 2:23b "and he was called the friend of God" This exact phrasing is found only in James 2:23b. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.15.1 p.481

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes all of 1 Peter 1:8 as "Peter says in his Epistle" Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.9.2 p.472

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) refers to 5 1/2 verses in 1 Peter. They are: 1 Peter 1:8; 2:16,23. He quotes half of 1 Peter 1:12 and alludes to 1 Peter 3:19,20

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 2:16 as "Peter says". Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.16 .5 p.482

1/3 Quote: 2 Peter 3:8m "a day with the Lord is as a thousand years". This exact phrasing is found only in 2 Peter 3:8m. Irenaeus Against Heresies p.551

1/3 Quote: 2 Peter 3:8m "For the day of the Lord is as a thousand years" Irenaeus Against Heresies p.557

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 1 John 4:1,2 and 1 John 5:1 as by "his disciple in his epistle". He also quotes from John as from his disciple in the gospel. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 16.8 p.443

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 2 John 7-8a. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.16.8 p.443 as by the Lord's disciple in his epistle. He switches two clauses, but other than that the phrasing is exact, and this phrasing is found only in 2 John 2:7-8a.

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes 2 John 10,11 saying it is by John, the disciple of the Lord in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 1 ch.16.3 p.342.

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) Jude 3 "faith delivered unto us" Irenaeus Fragment 36 p.574. Jude 3 has "the saints" instead of "us", but except for that this is the exact phrasing. This phrasing is found only in Jude 3.

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) alludes to Jude 7 mentioning Sodom and Gomorrah in the days of Lot, as an example of the righteous judgment of God. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.36.4 p.516. The concept of Sodom and Gomorrah being an example is found only in Jude 7 in the Bible.

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) "John also, the Lord's disciple, when beholding the sacerdotal and glorious advent of His kingdom, says in the Apocalypse: 'I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And, being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; and in the midst of the candlesticks One like unto the Son of man, clothed..." (and it goes one for much, much longer) Irenaeus in 33 references referred to 46 verses in Revelation. Against Heresies book 4 ch.20.6 p.489

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Revelation 6:2 as by John in the Apocalypse. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.21.3 p.493

Irenaeus (182-188 A.D.) quotes Revelation 5:8 as by John in the Apocalypse. Irenaeus Fragment 37 p.575

 

According to my count, Irenaeus quotes all or part of 223 verses from Matthew, 18 from Mark, 130 from Luke, and 109 from John. He quotes all or part of 88 verses from Acts, 291 from Paul's writings, and 82 1/2 from the rest of the New Testament.

 

Irenaeus' made one mistake though. He quotes Shepherd of Hermas book 2 Similitude 1 as "Truly, then, the Scripture declared" in Irenaeus Against Heresies book 4 ch.20.2 p.488. The Shepherd of Hermas was known to be a later book, written not much earlier than Irenaeus.

 

Irenaeus mentions the Gnostic Gospel of Truth as a false book. Irenaeus Against Heresies book 3 ch.11.9 p.429

 

Irenaeus, in cataloging the different heresies of his day, refers to many others books, but as error, not scripture. Significantly, he does not apparently know of the Naaseni, who had the Gospel of Thomas, though Irenaeus' pupil Hippolytus does refer to them as a heresy.

 

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Apollonius of Ephesus (c.210 A.D.)

Unfinished

 

Apollonius of Ephesus (c.210 A.D.) quotes Matthew 10:9 as by the Lord in Concerning Montanism ch.4 p.776. He also quotes Matthew 12:33 in Concerning Montanism ch.4 p.776

 

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Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.)

unfinished

 

When did Clement of Alexandria write?

David W. Bercot's A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.427 says c.195 A.D.

 

 

"A.D. 215 Clement of Alexandria 25 books" or every book except Philemon and 3 John.

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) mentions the prophecies, the gospels, and the apostolic words in Who is the Rich Man That Shall be Saved ch.42 p.604

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) "And in the Gospel according to Matthew, the genealogy which begins with Abraham is continued down to Mary the mother of the Lord." The Stromata book 1 ch.21 p.334

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes parts of Matthew 5:48 as by the Lord in The Stromata book 4 ch.22 p.434.

Clement of Alexandria paraphrases Matthew 13:47,48 and calls it the gospel in The Stromata book 6 ch.12 p.502.

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes Matthew 7:7 in The Stromata book 5 ch.3 p.448

Clement of Alexandria paraphrases Mark 10:17-31 saying "These things are written in the Gospel according to Mark" Who is the Rich Man That Shall be Saved? ch.5 p.592

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes Luke 3:1,2,23 as the Gospel of Luke in The Stromata book 1 ch.21 p.333

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes Luke 16:9 as by the Lord. Who is the Rich Man That Shall Be Saved? ch.13 p.594-595.

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) John wrote his Gospel. Clement of Alexandria Stromata book 5 ch.12 p.463

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) in Stromata book 2 ch.15 p.361 mentions the Gospel of John is by John the apostle.

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes Acts 17:22,23 saying, "Luke in Acts of the Apostles" The Stromata book 5 ch.12 p.464. He also quotes "Peter in the Acts" in Stromata book 6 ch.8 p.494.

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes Romans 16:19 by the Apostle in the Epistle to the Romans. The Instructor book 1 ch.5 p.214

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) asks what the wisdom of this world was that Paul warned us against in 1 Corinthians 3:19-21. The Stromata 1:11

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 7:1 as by Paul. The Stromata book 3 ch.11 p.394

Clement of Alexandria quotes Galatians 3:19,23,24 as by Paul in The Stromata book 1 ch.27 p.338

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) mentions the apostle writing to the Ephesians and quoting Ephesians 4:13-15. The Instructor book 1 ch.5 p.213

Clement of Alexandria mentions Philippians 4:5 as by the apostle of the Lord. Exhortation to the Heathen ch.9 p.196

Clement of Alexandria (193-205 A.D) Colossians by the Apostle. Stromata book p.463

Clement of Alexandria quotes 1 Thessalonians 2:6-7 as by Paul. The Instructor book 1 ch.5 p.214

Clement of Alexandria (193-205 A.D.) quotes 1 Thessalonians 2:5,6,7 as by the apostle. Stromata book 1 ch.1 p.300.

Clement of Alexandria quotes 2 Thessalonians 3:1,2 as by "the apostle" in The Stromata book 5 ch.3 p.448

Clement of Alexandria quotes 1 Timothy 4:8, saying it was by Paul in Exhortation to the Heathen ch.9 p.196

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) says "the blessed apostle" wrote 2 Timothy 2:14,16,17 and he quotes those verses. Stromata book 1 ch.10 p.311

Clement of Alexandria quotes Titus 1:12,13 as from Paul in the Epistle of Titus. The Stromata book 1 ch.14 p.313

Clement of Alexandria quotes James 4:6 and 1 Peter 5:6 in The Stromata book 3 ch.6 p.390 and book 4 ch.17 p.428-439

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 4:3 as by Peter. The Instructor book 3 ch.12 p.291

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 2:1-3 as by Peter. The Instructor book 1 ch.6 p.220

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:21,22 as by Peter in his Epistle. The Stromata book 3 ch.18 p.402

Clement of Alexandria (187-202 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:6-9 as by Peter in his epistle. "that the trial of your faith, being much more precious than that of gold which perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise, and honour, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ;" Stromata book 4 ch.20 p.433

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 2:9-10a in Exhortation to the Heathen ch.4 p.189.

Clement of Alexandria did not pass over the disputed books, Jude, the rest of the Catholic Epistles, and Barnabas, and what is called the Revelation of Peter. Mention of Hebrews as being by Paul.

Clement of Alexandria quotes 1/5 of 2 Peter 2:5m "Noah preached repentance" in The Stromata book 1 ch.21 p.331.

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) says 1 Timothy 6:16 is by Paul and 1 John 4:16 by John. Clement of Alexandria Fragment 3 p.575

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes 1 John 3:14,15 as by John. Who is the Rich Man That Shall Be Saved? Ch.37 p.601.

Clement gives comments on "the Second Epistle of John" in fragment 4. p.576

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes Jude 5,6 as by Jude. The Instructor book 3 ch.8 p.282

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes part of Jude 19,22b,23a Stromata book 6 ch.8 p.495

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) refers to Jude 8-17 as Jude prophesied. Stromata book 3 ch.2 p.383

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes Jude 1,4-14,19 as by Jude in fragments form Cassiodorus p.573.

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) John wrote the Apocalypse [Revelation] Stromata book 6 ch.13 p.504

 

Clement of Alexandria (193-217/220 A.D.) quotes from Plato's Timaeus, Matthew/Matthias in the Traditions and the Gospel to the Hebrews in Stromata book 2 ch.9 p.358.

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes Plato's Timaeus in Stromata book 5 ch.12 p.463 and book 5 ch.13 p.464.

 

Clement of Alexandria (193-202 A.D.) quotes The Preaching of Peter in Stromata book 1 ch.29 p.341

 

From Clement of Alexandria, Stromata book 2 ch.9 p.358 "But the beginning is to marvel at matters, as Plato says in the Theaetetus and Matthew/Matthias in the traditions, exhorting: Marvel at things present, placing this down as the first degree of the knowledge of the beyond. Which also is written in the gospel according to the Hebrews: He who marveled shall reign, and he who reigned shall rest."

 

Clement actually quotes this saying from the gospel according to the Hebrews twice.

 

From Clement of Alexandria, Stromata book 3 ch.4

They say that Matthias also taught thus: To fight against the flesh and misuse it, in no way giving in to it for unchastised pleasure, and to increase the soul through faith and knowledge.

 

 

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Tertullian (198-220 A.D.)

Unfinished

 

Tertullian refers to every New Testament book by name or author, except that he only quotes from Hebrews, James, 2 Peter, and alludes to 2 John. He does not refer to 3 John.

 

Tertullian (c.213 A.D.) "He is clearly defined to us in all Scriptures-in the Old Testament as the Christ of God, in the New Testament as the Son of God." Against Praxeas ch.24 p.620

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) mentions the New Testament in Tertullian's Five Books Against Marcion book 4 ch.1 p.346.

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) says Marcion "labours very hard to destroy the character of those Gospels which are published as genuine and under the name of the apostles, in order, forsooth, to secure for his own Gospel the credit which he takes away from them." Tertullian's Five Books Against Marcion book 4 ch.3 p.348. Also book 5 ch.2 p.432 and On the Resurrection of the Flesh ch.33 p.568

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) paraphrases Matthew 5:32 as the Gospel of Matthew in Tertullian Against Marcion book 4 ch.34 p.405

Tertullian (c.213 A.D.) "Or perhaps, after all, he was only reproaching the Gospels with a lie, saying in fact: "Away with Matthew; away with Luke!" Against Praxeas ch.1 p.597

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) stresses the authorship of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Revelation, many of Paul's Letters in Five Books Against Marcion book 4 ch.5 p.350.

Tertullian (c.213 A.D.) mentions "the Word of God" in John 1:1 as "according to John" in Against Praxeas ch.12 p.607

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) makes many quotes and allusions from Acts, saying it was in the Acts of the Apostles in Five Books Against Marcion book 5 ch.2 p.432-433

Tertullian (205 A.D.) says "the Apostle admonishes the Romans" and quotes Romans 13:1 in Scorpiace ch.14 p.647.

Tertullian (198-220 A.D.) "But how Paul, ... As also in his Epistle to the Romans: 'And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also, being sure that tribulation worketh patience, and patience experience, and experience hope; and hope maketh not ashamed.' [Romans 5:3-5a] And again: 'And if children, then heirs, heirs indeed of God, and joint-heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with Him, that we may be also glorified together. For I reckon that the sufferings of this time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.' And therefore he afterward says: 'Who shall separate us from the love of God? Shall tribulation, or distress, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? (As it is written: For Thy sake we are killed all the day long; we have been counted as sheep for the slaughter), Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors, through Him who loved us. For we are persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor power, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.'" [Romans 8:17-39] Scorpiace ch.13 p.646

Tertullian quotes 1 Corinthians 8:2 and Galatians 1:7 and 5:7 as being by the apostle in On Prescription Against Heretics ch.27 p.256.

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) mentions Paul being the author of Galatians, Corinthians, Philippians, Thessalonians, Ephesians, Romans, and John being the author of the Apocalypse (Revelation) in Five Books Against Marcion book 4 ch.5 p.350.

Tertullian says "the most holy apostle says" quoting part of 1 Corinthians 10:23 in On Baptism ch.17 p.677

Tertullian (198-220 A.D.) says 2 Corinthians 2:5-11 does not say plainly to whom Paul was referring. Tertullian On Modesty ch.14 p.89

Tertullian quotes Galatians 5:20 saying "by Paul in his Epistle to the Galatians" in Prescription Against Heretics ch.6 p.245

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 6:14-17 as by Paul in Five Books Against Marcion book 3 ch.15 p.333

Tertullian (198-220 A.D.) paraphrases Colossians 1:21 as the "apostle ... his Epistle to the Colossians" in On the Resurrection of the Flesh ch.23 p.561

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) quotes 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17 in Five Books Against Marcion book 5 ch.15 p.462.

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) said Paul wrote to the Thessalonians in Tertullian Against Marcion book 4 chapter 5 p.345-350 It was a book "that comes down from the apostles, which has been kept as a sacred deposit in the churches of the apostles."

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) mentions two epistles to Timothy and one to Titus in Five Books Against Marcion book 5 ch.21 p.473

Tertullian (198-220 A.D.) alludes to Titus 3:10,11 saying it is "to Titus" in On Prescription Against Heretics ch.6 p.245

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) mentions that Marcion did not lay "falsifying hands" upon Philemon, though he did not say the name of the book. Five Books Against Marcion book 5 ch.21 p.473 (Implied)

Tertullian quotes from Hebrews 7:1-3 to discuss Christ and Melchizedek in Against All Heresies ch.8 p.654.

Tertullian quotes Hebrews 6:4-8 in On Modesty ch.20 vol.4 p.97

Tertullian (198-220 A.D. alludes to James 1:13. On Prayer ch.8 p.684

Tertullian (205 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 2:20 saying "Addressing the Christians of Pontus, Peter, at all events, says," in Scorpiace ch.12 p.645. He quotes 1 Peter 4:12 in the same chapter on p.645 also.

Tertullian (198-220 A.D.) quotes part of 1 John 1:1 as a "Testimony of John" in A Treatise on the Soul ch.17 p.197

Tertullian (205 A.D.) quotes 1 John 4:18 as by John. Scorpiace ch.12 p.645-646

Allusion to 1 John 2:18,22 and 2 John 7-10. "'But this you affirm it is "a human Antichrist;' for by this name heretics are called in John." Tertullian On Fasting ch.11 vol.4 p.110

Tertullian mentions the writing of the Apostle Jude in On the Apparel of Women book 1 p.16

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) quotes Revelation 1:16 as "the Apostle John, in the Apocalypse" in Five Books Against Marcion book 3 ch.14 p.333

 

Tertullian (207/208 A.D.) in Five Books Against Marcion book 5 cg.4 vol.3 p.435, Tertullian gives a quote that looks like a combination of Galatians 3:15 and 4:3. Perhaps he was incorrectly quoting from memory.

 

2 Clement ch.12 p.254 and Clement of Alexandria (Stromata book 3 ch.9.1) quote from the lost Gospel according to the Egyptians volume 9 footnote 5 p.254

 

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Theodotus the probable Montanist (c. 240 A.D.)

 

Theodotus quotes from parts of Matthew 7:33,32; 7:27; 12:44 as by our Lord. Ch.11-12 p.74

Theodotus quotes from Mt 7:27 (= Lk 12:25) as by our Lord)

Theodotus the probable Montanist (c.240 A.D.) quotes part of Luke 12:49 as by the "Savior" Excerpts from Theodotus ch.27 p.46

Theodotus the probable Montanist (c.240 A.D.) quotes Luke 1:43 as "the Gospel" Excerpts from Theodotus ch.50 p.49

Theodotus alludes to Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6 in ch.19 p.45

Theodotus alludes to Eph 3:11 in ch.20 p.45

Theodotus alludes to 1 Cor 15:49 in ch.24 p.46

 

Theodotus (c.240 A.D.) quotes Peter in the Revelation. ch.41 p.48

Theodotus (c.240 A.D.) quotes Peter in the Apocalypse. ch.49 p.48

 

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Commodianus (c.240 A.D.)

 

Commodianus (c.240 A.D.) (Implied) "The first law of God is the foundation of the subsequent law. Thee, indeed, it assigned to believe in the second law. Nor are threats from Himself, but from it, powerful over thee. Now astounded, swear that thou wilt believe in Christ; for the Old Testament proclaims concerning Him. For it is needful only to believe in Him who was dead, to be able to rise again to live for all time." Instructions of Commodianus ch.25 p.207

Commodianus (c.240 A.D.) alludes to both Mark 12:42 and Luke 21:2. Instructions of Commodianus ch.72 p.217

Commodianus (c.240 A.D.) alludes to Revelation 3:14 "There will be no succour nor ship of the sea. Amen flames on the nations, and the Medes and Parthians burn for a thousand years, as the hidden words of John declare. For then after a thousand years there are delivered over to Gehenna; and he whose work they were, with them are burnt up. Instructions of Commodianus ch.43 p.211

Commodianus (c.240 A.D.) "From heaven will descend the city in the first resurrection; this is what we may tell of such a celestial fabric. We shall arise again to Him, who have been devoted to Him. And they shall be incorruptible, even already living without death. And neither will there be any grief nor any groaning in that city. ..." Instructions of Commodianus ch.44 p.214

 

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Asterius Urbanus (c.232 A.D.)

 

Asterius Urbanus (c.232 A.D.) was fearful in writing lest anyone think he was trying to "add some new word or precept to the doctrine of the gospel of the New Testament". The Exordium fragment 1 vol.7 p.335

 

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Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.)

 

Hippolytus recognized 21 books". This is every book except 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, James, and 2 and 3 John.

 

Hippolytus (225-235/6 A.D.) refers to the New Testament in Fragments from Commentaries Commentary on Genesis 49:11 p.165

Hippolytus (225-235/6 A.D.) mentions the Gospels in The Refutation of All Heresies book 6 ch.24 p.85.

Hippolytus (225-235/6 A.D.) quotes Matthew 7:21 and Matthew 21:31 as by the Savior. Refutation of All Heresies book 5 ch.3 p.54

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) "that neither Paul the apostle nor Mark, he of the maimed finger, announced such (tenets). For none of these (doctrines) has been written in the Gospel according to Mark." Refutation of All Heresies book 7 ch.18 p.112

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes 1/2 of Mark 10:38 p.53

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes Luke 21:28; 21:18 as "the Lord says" Treatise on Christ and Antichrist p.218

Hippolytus references Matthew 19:17; Mark 10:18 and Luke 18:19 saying it is "by the Savior" in Refutation of All Heresies book 5 ch.2 p.50.

Hippolytus mentions "John in his Gospel" and then quotes John 1:1. Against the Heresy of One Noetus ch.14 p.228

Hippolytus (225-235/6 A.D.) mentions that the heretic Basilides, who lived in the time of the apostles, quoted from the Gospel of John 1:9 as "in the Gospels". Refutation of All Heresies book 7 ch.10 p.104

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes Acts 10:36 Against the Heresy of One Noetus ch.13 p.228

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:17 as by Paul Treatise on Christ and Antichrist ch.64 p.218

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes part of 1 Corinthians 2:13 as Scripture in The Refutation of All Heresies book 7 ch.14 p.107.

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 12:2 as by Paul in The Refutation of All Heresies book 5 ch.3 p.54

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes part of 2 Corinthians 12:4. The Refutation of All Heresies book 7 ch.14 p.107-108

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes of half of Galatians 1:1 as by Paul Treatise on Christ and Antichrist ch.8 p.206

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quote of Galatians 3:20 Fragment from Commentaries on Numbers p.169

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 5:14 as Scripture in The Refutation of All Heresies book 5 ch.2 p.51.

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) refers to Paul and 1/2 quote of Philippians 3:2a Fragment 10 p.244

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:19 (a few words in different order) in The Refutation of All Heresies book 8 ch.6

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) 1 Thessalonians 4:12 as by Paul Treatise on Christ and Antichrist ch.66 p.219

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) 2 Thessalonians 2:1-11 as by Paul Treatise on Christ and Antichrist ch.63 p.218

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 4:1-5 as by Paul p.124

1 Timothy 6:20,21 as by Paul. p.204

Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) quotes half of Titus 2:13. Treatise on Christ and Antichrist ch.65 p.219

Hippolytus has a 5/23 quote of Hebrews 7:21 "The Lord sware and will not repent" (5 out of 23 Greek words) The Refutation of All Heresies book 5 ch.19 p.69. The same thing in The Refutation of All Heresies book 5 ch.22 p.73.

Hippolytus (222-235/236 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:24,25 The Refutation of All Heresies book 6 ch.5 p.76

Hippolytus (222-235/236 A.D.) alludes to 1 Peter 3:19 "He was also reckoned among the dead, preaching the Gospel to the souls of the saints," Treatise on Christ and Antichrist ch.26 p.209

Hippolytus (222-235/246 A.D.) quotes of 2 Peter 2:22. "but after a little, wallow once again in the same mire." The Refutation of All Heresies book 9 ch.1 p.125

Hippolytus (222-235/246 A.D.) alludes to 2 Peter 1:21. Treatise on Christ and Antichrist ch.2 p.204

Hippolytus (225-235/246 A.D.) probably alludes to 2 Peter 1:18,19 The Refutation of All Heresies book 10 ch.24 p.151

Pseudo-Hippolytus (225-235/246 A.D.) references 2 Peter 3:3 Section 10 p.244

Pseudo-Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) refers to 1 John 2:18 as by John. Section 10 p.244

Pseudo-Hippolytus (222-235/6 A.D.) refers to Jude 18,19 as by Jude. Section 10 p.244

Reference to John in the Apocalypse: Rev 1:8 Against the Heresy of One Noetus ch.6 p.225

 

Hippolytus bishop of Portus (222-235/6 A.D.) mentions in a negative way the Naaseni Gnostics and their gospel inscribed "according to the Egyptians". The Refutation of All Heresies book 5.2 p.49. He also mentions are large number of other Gnostic books in a negative way.

 

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Julius Africanus (232-245 A.D.)

 

Julius Africanus (232-245 A.D.) mentions "the Evangelist Matthew" and "Luke" in comparing the two genealogies of Jesus. Letter to Aristides ch.3 p.126

 

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Gnostic Naassenes

unfinished

 

Gnostic Naassenes (before 235/6 A.D.) according to Hippolytus refer to Ephesians 5:14 in The Refutation of All Heresies book 5 ch.2 p.51

 

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Origen (225-254 A.D.)

unfinished

 

When did Origen write?

David W. Bercot's A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs p.426 says c.245 A.D.

 

"A.D. 230 Origen recognized 24 books" or every book except for 2 Peter, 2 John, and 3 John.

 

A footnote says this is a reference to 2 Peter, but it is questionable. Here is the alleged reference.

I suspect the difference is that in Origen's Commentary on John ch.20 vol.9 p.400, it says, "yet the temple will be raised again, and the body will rise again on the third day after the day of evil which threatens it," is claimed in the footnote in the Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.9 to be a reference to 2 Peter 3:3,10,13.

2 Peter 3:3,10,13 says, "First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. (10) But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare." (13) But in keeping with his promise we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness." (NIV)

Origen (225-254 A.D.) has two whole chapters on why the gospels and not other books are called that in Commentary of John book 1 ch.7,8. p.300,301

Origen spoke of the New Testament and said there were only four gospels. Origen's Commentary on John (225-231 A.D.) book 1 ch.1 p.299.

Origen (240 A.D.) refers to the New Testament. Commentary on the Song of Songs prologue p.56

Origen (240 A.D.) refers to John in his gospel. Commentary on the Song of Songs ch.1 p.64

Origen mentions the gospels in his Commentary on Matthew book 2 ch.1 p.413

Origen mentions Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Origen Against Celsus book 5 ch.56 p.568. Also quoting Matthew 18:1 in Origen's Commentary on Matthew book 13 ch.14 p.482.

Origen (225-254 A.D.) "...as Luke relates in the Acts of the Apostles" Origen Against Celsus book 6 ch.11 p.578

Origen (225-254 A.D.) refers to Acts 7 as the Acts of the Apostles de Principiis book 2 ch.4.2 p.276

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes of Romans 1:1-4 in Paul's Epistle to the Romans. de Principiis book 2 ch.4.2 p.276

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 1:24 as by Paul. de Principiis book 1 ch.2.1 p.246 He also quotes 1 Corinthians 14:15 as by Paul in de Principiis book 2 ch.2 p.287

Origen quotes 2 Corinthians 4:17,18 as by Paul, in the Second Epistle to the Corinthians in Origen Against Celsus book 6 ch.19 p.582

Origen (wrote 225-254 A.D.) refers to Galatians 2:12 as by Paul in the Letter to the Galatians. Origen Against Celsus book 2 ch.1 p.429

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 6:12 as by Paul to the Ephesians. de Principiis book 3 ch.4 p.332

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes Philippians 4:13 as by Paul. de Principiis book 3 ch.2.5 p.333

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes of Colossians 1:15 as by Paul. de Principiis book 1 ch.5 p.247

Origen quotes 1 Thessalonians 2:14,15 as by Paul in the First Epistle to the Thessalonians. Origen's Commentary on Matthew book 2 ch.18 p.425

Origen quotes 1 Thessalonians 4:17 as by the apostle. de Principiis book 2 ch.11.5 p.299

Origen quotes 2 Thessalonians 2:3,4 as by Paul in the Second Epistle to the Thessalonians. de Principiis book 2 ch.49 p.450-451

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 6:20 as from the Epistle of Paul. de Principiis book 3 ch.11 p.469

Origen (225-254 A.D.) mentions the Epistle to Timothy (1 Timothy) Origen Against Celsus book 1 ch.64 p.425

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 1:3 as by Paul. Origen's de Principiis book 2 ch.4.2 p.276

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes Titus 1:9,10 as by Paul de Principiis book 3 ch.48 p.483

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes Philemon 14. "Paul with understanding was saying to Philemon in the Letter to Philemon concerning Onesimus: So that your good be not according to compulsion, but according to free will." Homilies on Jeremiah Homily 28 ch.2 p.224

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes Hebrews 6:7,8 as to the Hebrews. de Principiis book 3 ch.1.10 (Greek) p.310

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes Hebrews 1:1,2 as "Paul says in the Epistle to the Hebrews" Origen's Commentary on John book 2 ch.6 p.328

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes James 4:17 in de Principiis book 1 ch.3.6 p.254

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:9 as by Peter. de Principiis book 2 ch.3 p.287

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 3:18-20 as by Peter. Origen's Commentary on John book 6 ch.18 vol.9 p.368

Origen (225-254 A.D.) alludes to 1 Peter 2:5 as by Peter. Origen's Commentary on John ch.23 vol.9 p.404

X Origen (225-254 A.D.) says that Peter left "only one epistle of acknowledged genuineness. Suppose we allow that he left a second; for this is doubtful." Origen's Commentary on John from the Fifth book ch.3 p.346

Origen (225-254 A.D.) says "our Lord Jesus Christ, who is 'the light true' and 'rising in our hearts'". Rising in our hearts is an allusion to 2 Peter 1:19.

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes 1 John 1:5 as John writes in his Epistle. Origen's de Principiis book 1 ch.1.1 p.242

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes 1 John 1:5 from the Epistle of John. Origen's de Principiis book 1 ch.1.1 p.242

Origen (225-254 A.D.) quotes that God is light from "the Catholic Epistle of John" (1 John 1:5) Origen's Commentary on John book 2 ch.18 p.336

After acknowledging the genuineness of a letter of John's Gospel, the Apocalypse, and a letter of John, Origen says, "Suppose also a second and a third, since not all pronounce these to be genuine; but the two together do not amount to a hundred lines." Origen's Commentary on John from the Fifth book ch.3 p.346-347

Mention that the apostle Jude wrote in his letter of the Assumption of Moses. Origen's de Principiis book 3 ch.2.1 p.328

Origen (225-254A.D.) in discussing scriptural books, quotes Jude 1 as by Jude. Origen's Commentary on Matthew book 10 ch.17 p.424. He also quotes part of Jude 1 as by Jude in his commentary on Matthew book 13 ch.27 p.491.

Origen (225-254 A.D.) loosely quotes three-fourths of Jude 8. Origen's Commentary on Matthew book 10 ch.24 p.430

Origen mentions Revelation 5:8 as from John in Revelation Origen Against Celsus book 8 ch.17 p.645

Origen's Commentary on John mentions the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. He mentions Paul writing in 2 Corinthians and John in the Apocalypse.

Origen 225-254 A.D. refers to Revelation 21 as "from the Apocalypse of John" Origen Against Celsus book 6 ch.23 p.583

 

Origen says, "And therefore that language which is found in the Acts of Paul, where it is said that 'here is the Word a living being,' appears to me to be rightly used. John, however, with more sublimity and propriety, says in the beginning of his Gospel, when defining God..." Origen's de Principiis book 1 ch.3 p.246.

 

Origen mentions the Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs by name in Homilies in Joshua 15:6 (Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs Reuben 2,3)

 

Origen (235-245 A.D.) says he "read elsewhere" and quotes from the Gospel of Thomas. He does not give it authority as scripture though. Homilies on Jeremiah Homily 27 ch.3.7 p.254

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Novatian (250-257 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) mentions the Old Testament and New Testament in Novatian's Treatise Concerning the Trinity ch.7 p.617. he also mentions the truth of both the Old and New Testaments in ch.17 p.627

Novatian (250-247 A.D.) "For as well the ancient prophecies as the Gospels testify Him to be the son of Abraham and the son of David" Treatise on the Trinity ch.9 p.618

Not a reference: Mark 7:19 p.645

Not a reference: Mark 7:19 p.648

Novatian (250/4-256/7 A.D.) "For they propose and put forward what is told in the Gospel of Luke" and refers to Luke 1:35. Concerning the Trinity ch.24 p.635

Novatian (250/4-256/7 A.D.) says John 1:14 is by John in Treatise Concerning the Trinity ch.13 p.622

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 1:5 p.678

Novatian (250-257A.D.) quotes 3 / 4 of Acts 2:17 (also Joel 2:28 ) as prophesied by Joel and given by Christ. Treatise on the Trinity ch.29 p.640

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 2:17,18 p.676

X Acts 2:33 p.658

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 4:12 p.670

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 8:20,21 p.676

Not a reference: Acts 10:15 p.646

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 10:44-48 p.670

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 11:15-17 p.668

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 15:7,8 p.668

Novatian (250-257A.D.) Acts 15:9 p.670

Treatise on Rebaptism. ch.12 p.674 (250-257A.D.) Acts 15:13-17 mentions by name James speaking in the Acts of the Apostles

Novatian (250-257A.D.) mentions Romans 1:20 as by the apostle Paul. Treatise Concerning the Trinity ch.3 p.614

Novatian (250-257A.D.) says Galatians 1:1 and 1:12 as by Paul. Treatise on the Trinity ch.13 p.622

Novatian (250-257A.D.) quotes and references by Paul: Eph 4:10 Novatian Treatise Concerning the Trinity ch.17 p.627

Novatian (250-257A.D.) quotes Philippians 2:6-11 as by the apostle in Treatise on the Trinity ch.22 p.632

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:16 as by "the apostle" Treatise Concerning the Trinity ch.13 p.622

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:15 as by "the same apostle" Treatise Concerning the Trinity ch.21 p.632

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) refers to 1 Timothy 1:17 as by Paul. Treatise Concerning the Trinity ch.3 p.614

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) quotes all of Titus 1:15. On the Jewish Meats ch.5 p.648. He does not refer to any other verses from Titus.

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) quotes half of 1 John 4:12 as by John. Treatise on the Trinity ch.18 p.627

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) quote: 1 Timothy 4:4-5 Novatian On the Jewish Meats ch.5 p.648

Novatian (250-257 A.D.) quote: Titus 1:15 Novatian On the Jewish Meats ch.5 p.648

 

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Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) ch.15 p.662 quotes Luke 8:1-5 says by the Lord Himself in the Gospel.

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) ch.6 p.659 quotes Luke 10:19 as said by the Lord in the Gospel. This work also refers to Luke 11:10 and 7:39.

Treatise Against Novatian ch.2 p.657 says John 10:1 is by John, the gospel.

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) ch.12 p.661 quotes Romans 14:4 as by the apostle. It quotes parts or Romans 2:11 in ch.16 p.662.

Treatise Against Novatian (250/4-256/7 A.D.) ch.17 p.663 quotes Ephesians 5:6,7 as by the Apostle.

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) ch.1 p.657 quotes two-thirds of Philippians 3:2 as scripture.

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) ch.8 p.659 quotes Hebrews 10:30 as scripture.

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) ch.13 p.661 quotes half of James 4:6.

Treatise Against Novatian (254-256 A.D.) ch.16 p.662 quotes Jude 14,15.

A Treatise Against the Heretic Novatian quotes part of Revelation 17:15 as in the Apocalypse p.658

Treatise Against Novatian (c.250-257 A.D.) ch.17 p.663 quotes Revelation 20:11-13 as John says in the Apocalypse.

 

 

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Treatise On Rebaptism (254-257 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Treatise On Rebaptism (250/4-256/7 A.D.) ch.3 p.668 mentions the New Testament.

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.2 p.668 quotes Matthew 3:11b

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.7 p.671 quotes the Great Commission in Matthew 28:19

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.9 p.672 tells in detail Jesus rebuking Peter, with many quotes sprinkled throughout. Matthew 16:22,70

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.11 p.673 quotes Matthew 10:32.

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.12 p.674 quotes Matthew 24:4,23,24 as Jesus is speaking.

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.13 p.675 quotes Matthew 12:37 as "in the Gospel"

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.18 p.677 quotes Matthew 9:2b

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.17 p.677 "Also according to Mark He said, with the same purpose, to the sons of Zebedee"

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.14 p.675 "in the Gospel according to Luke" and quotes Luke 12:50.

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.14 p.675 "as says the Scripture" and quotes John 738

Treatise On Rebaptism (250/4-256/7 A.D.) ch.2 p.668 quotes Acts 1:4,5 as from "the Acts of the Apostles".

Treatise On Rebaptism (250/4-256/7 A.D.) ch.15 p.676 quotes Acts 2:17,18 as Peter is speaking.

Treatise On Rebaptism (250/4-256/7 A.D.) ch.16 p.676 quotes Acts 8:20,21 as from the Acts of the Apostles.

Treatise On Rebaptism (250/4-256/7 A.D.) ch.12 p.674 quotes Acts 15:13-17 "as James says in the Acts of the Apostles".

Treatise On Rebaptism (250/4-256/7 A.D.) ch.6 p.670 quotes Philippians 2:9b-11 as by Paul.

Treatise on Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.13 p.677 quotes 1 John 4:7,8 as by John the evangelist.

Treatise On Rebaptism (c.250-258 A.D.) ch.15 p.&&& "For John says of our Lord in his epistle, teaching us: 'This is He who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood: and it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.'"

 

Treatise on Re-Baptism (254-257 A.D.) ch.17 p.677 mentions by name The Preaching of Paul as contrary to all scripture because it mentions Christ confessing His own sin, and having to be compelled by Mary to receive John's baptism

 

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Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.)

unfinished

 

"A.D. 250 Cyprian recognized 23 books" This is every book except Philemon, James, and 2 and 3 John.

 

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the Old Testament referring as we would understand it in many places. He says, "That another Prophet such as Moses was promised, to wit, one who should give a new testament, and who rather ought to be heard." Then he quotes Deuteronomy 18:18,19 as Deuteronomy. Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 12 18 p.512

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the Gospels in Letter 72 ch.17 p.383

Cyprian bishop of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) "In the Gospel according to Matthew: 'Whoever shall say a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him; but whosoever shall speak against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world nor in the world to come.'" Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 3 ch.28 p.542

Cyprian bishop of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) quotes Matthew 5:43-45 mentions what Jesus says "in His Gospel" in Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 10 ch.15 p.495.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions "The Gospel according to Matthew" quoting Matthew 5:23,24 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.3 p.533.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) quotes Matthew 15:13 as by "the Lord in His Gospel" Letter 48:4 p.326

Cyprian of Carthage says (c.246-258 A.D.) "Also according to Mark" and quotes Mark 4:24 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.22 p.541

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the "Gospel according to Luke" and quotes Luke 6:37 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.21 p.541.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) quotes Luke 11:23 as by "our Lord Jesus Christ, when He testified in His Gospel". (Letter 75 ch.1 p.397)

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the "Gospel according to John" and then quotes John 3:18,19 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.31 p.543. also Treatise 2 second book ch.1 p.516. See also his quote of John 15:18-20 as by John in Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 3 ch.29 p.542

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the Acts of the Apostles and quotes Acts 5:3,4 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.30 p.543. See also Letter 72 ch.17 p.383.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) "divine Scripture proves this, when it says, 'But the multitude of them which believed were of one heart and of one soul.' [Acts 4:32] And again: 'These all continued with one mind in prayer with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brethren.'" [Acts 1:14] Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 1 ch.25 p.429

Cyprian, bishop of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) quotes from "Acts of the Apostles" in his Treatise 12 the third book 3,43.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the "Epistle of Paul to the Romans" in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.45 p.546.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians and then quotes 1 Cor 7:10,11 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.90 p.553. He also refers to Paul and his first Epistle to the Corinthians in Treatise 12 Second book ch.1 p.516

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions "Paul to the Galatians" in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.64 p.551.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions Paul writing Ephesians, First Letter to Timothy, and Titus in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.70-78 p.552.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions Philippians and quotes Philippians 2:21; 3:19-21 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.11 p.536.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) "Also in the Epistle of Paul to the Philippians: "But doing all things for love, without murmurings and revilings, that ye may be without complaint, and spotless sons of God.'" Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 12 third book testimonies ch.14 p.537

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:15,18 as by Paul in Colossians in Treatise 12 Second book ch.1 p.516.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the Second Letter to Timothy and "Paul to the Thessalonians" and quotes 2 Thessalonians 3:6 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.67-68 p.551

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions Paul to Timothy and quotes 2 Timothy 2:24 Letter 73.9 p.389

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 2:4,5 as "to Timothy" Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 3 Third book Testimonies ch.11 p.536

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) alludes to Hebrews 12:6 "God, who 'rebukes whom He loves,' in Letter 7.5 p.286

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions "the Epistle of Peter to them in Pontus" and then quotes 1 Peter 4:15-16 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.39 p.545.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions "The Epistle of Peter" and quotes 2 Peter 2:11,12 in Treatises of Cyprian Treatise 12 - the third book Testimonies ch.11 p.536.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions "the Epistle of John and then quotes 1 John 2:21,22 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.79 p.552.

Cyprian of Carthage (258 A.D.) mentions "John the apostle laid it down in his epistle, saying" and then quotes 2 John 10,11 in Seventh Council of Carthage Under Cyprian p.572.

Cyprian of Carthage (c.246-258 A.D.) mentions the Apocalypse and then quotes Revelation 18:4-9 in Treatises of Cyprian - Testimonies ch.36 p.544.

 

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Roman Elders to Cyprian (Letter 2) (250-251 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Letter of the Roman Elders to Cyprian (250-251 A.D.) quotes John 10:11,12. It also quotes John 16:17. Both of these were stated as "by the Lord Himself" Letters of Cyprian Letter 2 p.280.

 

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Moyses et al to Cyprian (Letter 25) (250-251 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Moyses et al. to Cyprian (Letter 25) ch.4 p.303 (250-251 A.D.) quotes Matthew 10:37-38 as by "our Lord, as with the trumpet of His Gospel"

Moyses et al. to Cyprian (250-251 A.D.) quotes Romans 8:35 as by the apostle. Letters of Cyprian Letter 25 ch.4 p.303

Moyses et al. to Cyprian (250-251 A.D.) quotes half of Revelation 3:21 "To him that overcomes will I give to sit on my throne, even as I also overcame and am set down on the throne of my Father.". Letters of Cyprian Letter 25 p.303

 

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Cornelius to Cyprian (Letters 45,47) (246-256 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Cornelius to Cyprian (c.246-256 A.D.) quotes Matthew 5:8 as "the evangelical word" Letter 45 ch.2 p.323

 

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Roman Elders to Cyprian (Letters 2, 29, 30) (250-251 A.D.)

 

Letter of the Roman Elders to Cyprian (250-251 A.D.) quotes John 10:11,12. It also quotes John 16:17. Both of these were stated as "by the Lord Himself" Letters of Cyprian Letter 2 p.280.

 

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Firmilian to Cyprian (Letter 74) (256 A.D.)

 

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes Matthew 16:9 as by Jesus. (Letter 74 ch.16 p.394)

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes Mark 13:6 as by "the Lord Himself". (Letter 74 ch.9 p.392)

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes Luke 11:23 as by "Christ our Lord". (Letter 74 ch.14 p.394)

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes John 17:21. (Letter 74 ch.3 p.391)

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes John 20:22,23 as "in the Gospel". (Letter 74 ch.16 p.384

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes Galatians 3:27 as by "the apostle". (Letter 74 ch.12 p.393)

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 11:27 as "it is written" (Letter 74 ch.21 p.395)

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 4:5-6 in Letters of Cyprian letter 74 ch.24 p.396 .

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 4:1,6. (Letter 74 ch.24 p.396)

Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (256 A.D.) quotes Philippians 1:18 as by the apostle. (Letter 74 ch.20 p.395)

Firmilian of Caesarea in his letter to Cyprian (256 A.D.) refers to 1 Peter "Even as also the Apostle Peter laid down, saying, 'Thus also shall baptism in like manner make you safe;" (1 Peter 3:21) Letter 74 ch.15 p.394

 

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Seventh Council of Carthage (258 A.D.)

unfinished

 

At the Seventh Council of Carthage (258 A.D.) Lucius of Castra Galbae said, "Since the Lord ion His Gospel said, 'Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt should have lost its savour, wherewith shall it be salted'" p.566

At the Seventh Council of Carthage (258 A.D.) Paulus of Obba quotes half of two verses, Romans 3:3b-4a, as by the apostle on p.570

At the Seventh Council of Carthage (258 A.D.) on p.571 Victor of Assuri paraphrases Ephesians 4:5 as "it is written".

 

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Pontius (after 258 A.D.)

 

Pontius' Life and Passion of Cyprian (after 258 A.D.) ch.3 p.268 refers to Acts 8:37 as "in the Acts of the Apostles"

 

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Gregory Thaumaturgus (240-265 A.D.)

 

Gregory Thaumaturgus (240-265 A.D.) quotes part of Matthew 15:11 as by the Savior. Canonical Epistle canon 1 p.18

Gregory Thaumaturgus (240-265 A.D.) alludes to Luke 21:2 as "laid down in the sacred writings"

Gregory Thaumaturgus (240-265 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 6:13 as by the apostle in Canonical Epistle ch.1 p.18.

Gregory Thaumaturgus (240-265 A.D.) paraphrases Ephesians 5:5-13 saying, "Scripture says" in Canonical Epistle ch.2 p.18.

 

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Dionysius of Alexandria (246-265 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Dionysius of Alexandria (246-265 A.D.) "It was 'in the end of the Sabbath,' as Matthew has said; it was 'early, when it was yet dark,' as John writes; it was 'very early in the morning,' as Luke puts it; and it was 'very early in the morning, at the rising of the sun,' as Mark tells us. Thus no one has shown us clearly the exact time when He rose." Letter 5 to the bishop Basilides p.94

Dionysius of Alexandria (246-265 A.D.) quotes to Acts 13:5,13 as "in the Acts of the Apostles" From the Two Books on Promises ch.5 p.83.

Dionysius of Alexandria (c.246-265 A.D.) refers to 1/3 of Romans 14:23 as by the apostle. Epistle to the Bishop Basilides canon 4 p.96.

Dionysius of Alexandria (246-265 A.D.) quotes Titus 3:10 as by Paul. Commentary on Ecclesiastes ch.3.9 p.114

Dionysius of Alexandria (246-265 A.D.) quotes part of James 1:13 in The Gospel According to Luke p.116. He also quotes half of James 1:13 in An Exposition of Luke 22. 46. etc. p.119

 

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Dionysius of Rome (259-269 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Dionysius of Rome (259-269 A.D.) says the Trinity is in Scripture but the doctrine of "three gods is neither taught in the Old nor in the New Testament." Against the Sabellians ch.1 vol.7 p.365

 

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Anatolius of Alexandria (270-280 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Anatolius of Alexandria (270-280 A.D.) (implied) refers to the "Old Testament" which implies a New. The Paschal Canon of Anatolius of Alexandria ch.8 p.148

Anatolius of Alexandria (270-280 A.D.) refers to Matthew 26:17; in ch.8, and Matthew 26:38 in The Paschal Canon of Anatolius of Alexandria ch.10 p.149

Anatolius of Alexandria (270-280 A.D.) quotes Luke 15:6 as said by the Lord Himself. The Paschal Canon of Anatolius of Alexandria ch.10 p.149

 

 

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Archelaus (262-278 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) mentions the "gospels" in Disputation with Manes ch.5 p.182

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) "The Spirit in the evangelist Matthew is also careful to give note of these words of our Lord Jesus Christ: "Take heed that no man deceive you: for many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many. But if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not. For there shall arise false Christs, and false apostles, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. Behold, I have told you before. If they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: if they shall say, Behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not." Disputation with Manes ch.35 p.209

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes Mark 2:9 as by Jesus in one of his speeches in Disputation with Manes ch.42 p.217

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes Acts 2:6 as Scripture. Disputation with Manes ch.36 p.210. Archelaus also quotes Acts 9:15 in Disputation with Manes ch.34 p.208. He possibly alludes to Acts 9:40 in Fragment 1 p.234. He does not refer to any other verses in Acts.

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) "Archelaus said: By all means. Now let us select some instance from among those statements which you allege to be on your side; so that if these be once found to have been properly dealt with, other questions may also be held to rank with them; and if the case goes otherwise, I shall come under the condemnation of the judges, that is to say, I shall have to bear the shame of defeat. You say, then, that the law is a ministration of death, and you admit that 'death, the prince of this world, reigned from Adam even to Moses; ' for the word of Scripture is this: 'even over them that did not sin.' [Romans 5:14] Manes said: Without doubt death did reign thus, for there is a duality, and these two antagonistic powers were nothing else than both unbegotten. Archelaus said: Tell me this then,-how can an unbegotten death take a beginning at a certain time? For 'from Adam' is the word of Scripture, and not 'before Adam.'" Disputation with Manes ch.29 p.202

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 as "For in that first Epistle to the Corinthians, Paul speaks..." (Archelaus is speaking) Disputation with Manes ch.37 p.211

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 13:3 as by Paul and calls him an apostle. Disputation with Manes ch.42 p.218

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes part of Galatians 4:3 as by Paul the apostle. Disputation with Manes ch.13 p.188

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes Galatians 1:6-8 Disputation with Manes ch.36 p.209

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes half of Ephesians 3:8 as by Paul. Disputation with Manes ch.34 p.207

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) Against the Manichaeans ch.38 p.212 quotes from Philippians 3:19 as by the Apostle.

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:23 and 2:6-9 and alludes to Colossians 1:24 in Disputation with Manes ch.35 p.209

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes 1 Thessalonians 5:1,2 as what the apostle "Wrote to the Thessalonians". Disputation with Manes ch.38 p.212

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 4:1-4 in Disputation with Manes ch.35 p.209

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 1:19 as "it is written" Disputation with Manes ch.31 p.204

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 4:7-8 as by "the blessed apostle" Disputation with Manes ch.35 p.209. He also alludes to 2 Timothy 3:8,9 in ch.36 p.210.

 

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) mentions there are neither two old testaments nor two new testaments. (The Christian Diodorus is speaking) Disputation with Manes ch.45 p.220

Archelaus (262-278 A.D.) appeals to "the Apostle Paul and the Gospels" (The Christian Diodorus is speaking) Disputation with Manes ch.45 p.221

 

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Pierius of Alexandria (c.275 A.D.)

 

Pierius of Alexandria (275 A.D.) wrote a book entitled On the Gospel According to Luke" Fragment 1 p.157

Pierius of Alexandria (275 A.D.) quotes half of 1 Corinthians 7:7 as by Paul in Fragment 1 p.157

 

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Adamantius (c.300 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) mentions four who preached the gospel, but they preached the same, so the four gospels are one gospel. Dialogue on the True Faith p.43.

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) "Will you agree if I show from the Gospels that they are not fabrications?" ... "The disciples of Christ wrote them: John and Matthew; Mark and Luke. Dialogue on the True Faith First Part "b 5" p.41

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) quotes Luke 23:46; 50-53 is by the evangelist. Dialogue on the True Faith Fifth Part 12 p.163

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) quotes John 1:3 as by "John the Evangelist." Dialogue on the True Faith Fourth Part 15 p.146

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) mentions "the Acts of the Apostles" Dialogue on the True Faith second part 12d p.90.

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) refers to Romans 2:16

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) alludes to Ephesians 2:12,16 and Colossians 1:21-22 as by Paul. Dialogue on the True Faith fifth part e p.151

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) quotes 1 Thessalonians 2:14-15 Dialogue on the True Faith first part ch.29a p.69. as by the Apostle Paul.

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) quotes 2 Thessalonians 1:6-7 as "by the same apostle". Dialogue on the True Faith second part ch.824B p.81-82. (Adamantius is speaking)

Adamantius does not refer to any other verses from 1 and 2 Thessalonians.

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 1:13 as by the Apostle Paul.

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) quotes part of Hebrews 10:1 as by the apostle in Dialogue on the True Faith fifth part 5 p.153

Adamantius (300 A.D.) quotes 2 Peter 3:15b as by Peter. "then by the Apostle Peter when he wrote, 'according to the wisdom given to my brother Paul.'"

Adamantius (c.300 A.D.) quotes with scripture authority 2 Peter 2:19b. He says he is quoting a scriptural passage when he says, 'By whom each man is overcome, of him also he is he slave.'"

 

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Theonas of Alexandria (c.300 A.D.)

 

Theonas of Alexandria (c.300 A.D.) refers to Mark 11:25: "and even as ye desire that He may remit your transgressions, do ye also forgive them theirs;" Letter the Lucianus, the Chief Chamberlain ch.9 (vol.6) p.160

Theonas of Alexandria quotes loosely half of Colossians 4:6 in ch.8 p.161

 

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Arnobius (297-303 A.D.)

 

Arnobius (297-303 A.D.) alludes to John 8:46 "What, then, constrains you, what excites you to revile, to rail at, to hate implacably Him whom no man can accuse of any crime?" (Arnobius Against the Heathen book 1 ch.64 p.432)

Arnobius (297-303 A.D.) "Have the well-known words never rung in your ears, that the wisdom of man is foolishness with God?" (1 Corinthians 3:19) Arnobius Against the Heathen book 2 ch.7 p.435

 

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Victorinus of Petau in Austria (martyred 304 A.D.)

 

Victorinus of Petau (martyred 304 A.D.) says the world is composed of four elements, just as there are four gospels, four generations from Adam to Noah, from Abraham to Moses, four rivers in paradise, four soldiers at the crucifixion, four living creatures, and four seasons. On the Creation of the World p.341

Victorinus of Petau (martyred 304 A.D.) mentions Psalm, Matthew, Isaiah, Daniel Commentary on the Creation of the World p.342

Victorinus of Petau bishop of Petau in Austria (martyred 304 A.D.) mentions Matthew, Mark, and Luke in Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John p.348

Victorinus of Petau (martyred 304 A.D.) mentions Jesus as the Word of God and quotes John 1:1 as by John the Evangelist Commentary on the Creation of the World p.342

Victorinus of Petau (martyred 304 A.D.) mentions the apocalypse of John the apostle and evangelist Commentary on the Creation of the World p.343

Victorinus of Petau bishop of Petau in Austria (martyred 304 A.D.) mentions Acts of the Apostles Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John p.355

Victorinus of Petau (martyred 304 A.D.) quotes part of 1 Peter 2:9 as by the apostle Peter Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John p.344

Victorinus of Petau (martyred 304 A.D.) mentions the Old and New Testaments in his Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John p.345 He listed the letters of Paul as Romans, Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Thessalonians, Philippians, Colossians, Timothy and quotes 1 Timothy 3:15 in ch.16 p.345 He goes on to quote 1 Corinthians 15:53 on p.346

Victorinus of Petau (martyred 304 A.D.) wrote an entire commentary on the Apocalypse

 

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Pamphilus (martyred 309 A.D.)

 

Pamphilus (martyred 309 A.D.) we have preserved his outline of the Acts of the Apostles. Ante-Nicene Fathers vol.6 p.166-168.

 

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Peter of Alexandria (285-311 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Peter of Alexandria (306,285-311 A.D.) refers to the gospel by John. From Fragment 5.7 p.282

Peter of Alexandria (306,285-311 A.D.) quotes Acts 7:59 as Stephen is speaking. The Canonical Epistle canon 9 p.273.

Peter of Alexandria (306,285-311) Romans 10:8-10. The Canonical Epistle canon 5 p.271. He quotes half of Romans 2:11 in The Canonical Epistle canon 7 p.272/

Peter of Alexandria (306,285-311 A.D.) quotes from Ephesians 2:8-9 as by the apostle in Fragment 2 On the Godhead p.280.

Peter of Alexandria (306,285-311 A.D.) quotes Philippians 1:23,24 as by "the blessed apostle Paul" The Canonical Epistle Canon 10 p.274

Peter of Alexandria (306,285-311 A.D.) refers to 1 Peter 3:18b according to The Greek New Testament both 3rd edition and 4th revised edition by Aland et al. However, I have not been able to confirm this in the writings of Peter of Alexandria that I have.

 

Note that the Genuine Acts of Peter is considered spurious.

 

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Council of Neocaesarea (315 A.D.)

 

Council of Neocaesarea (c.315 A.D.) Canon 15 p.86 "The deacons ought to be seven in number, according to the canon, even if the city be great. Of this you will be persuaded from the Book of Acts."

 

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Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.)

Unfinished

 

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) (Implied) "I will bring forward to you, O virgins, from the Old Testament, written prophecy from the Book of Judges, to show that I speak the truth," Banquet of the Ten Virgins Discourse 10 ch.2 p.348

Methodius (280-312 A.D.) "For which cause, also, four Gospels have been given, because God has four times given the Gospel to the human race," Banquet of the Ten Virgins Discourse 10 ch.2 p.348

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) "Now the whole spiritual mediation of the Scriptures is given to us as salt which stings in order to benefit, and which disinfects, without which it is impossible for a soul, by means of reason, to be brought to the Almighty; for 'ye are the salt of the earth,' said the Lord to the apostles." [Matthew 5:13] The Banquet of the Ten Virgins book 1 discourse 1 ch.1 p.311

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) (half quote) quotes Mark 11:9b, which is also Psalm 118:26a; Matthew 21:9b; Luke 19:38a; and John 12:13b. "Instead of our garments, let us strew our hearts before Him. In psalms and hymns, let us raise to Him our shouts of thanksgiving; and without ceasing, let us exclaim, 'Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord;'" Oration on the Psalms ch.1 p.394

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) quotes John 1:1-2 in Extract from the Work on Things Created ch.6 p.381

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) quotes Romans 8:19-21 as "Paul clearly testifies". Discourse on the Resurrection part 1 ch.8 p.365

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 7:34 as by Paul. Banquet of the Ten Virgins discourse 1 ch.1 p.311.

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 5:28-30 as by Paul. Banquet of the Ten Virgins discourse 3 ch.2 p.317.

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) quotes half of Philippians 2:5 in a fragment from His Discourse Concerning Martyrs p.382.

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) alludes to Colossians 1:15 as by Paul. The Banquet of the Ten Virgins Discourse 3 ch.3 p.317. Paul is mentioned at the very end of chapter 2 and the very start of chapter 4.

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) refers to Colossians 3:4 according to The Greek New Testament 4th revised edition by Aland et al. However, I have not been able to confirm this in the writings of Methodius I have.

Methodius (270-311/312 A.D.) alludes to 1 Peter 2:10 in The Banquet of the Ten Virgins Discourse 4 ch.4 p.324

Methodius of Olympus and Patara (270-311/312 A.D.) quotes 2 Peter 3:8 as from Peter in On the Resurrection. &&&

 

Pseudo-Methodius (after 312 A.D.) has a quote that can be half of 1 Peter 2:6, Psalm 118:22; or Isaiah 28:16. Oration Concerning Simeon and Anna ch.6 p.387

 

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Athanasius before Nicea (318 A.D.)

 

Athanasius (c.318 A.D.) quotes part of Mark 12:29 as "our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ says" in Against the Heathen ch.6 p.7

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes Luke 19:10: "as He [Jesus] says Himself in the Gospels: 'I came to find and to save the lost.' Incarnation of the Word ch.14 p.43

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes Luke 10:18 in Incarnation of the Word ch.25 p.50

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes from John 3:3,5. "He [Jesus] says Himself in the Gospels: 'I came to find and to save the lost.'" Incarnation of the Word ch.14 p.43

Athanasius (c.318 A.D.) prior to Nicea quotes part of Paul's speech in Acts 14:15 as by Paul. Against the Heathen part 3 ch.35 p.22

Athanasius (c.318 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:26 "as Paul said, the holy minister of Christ" Against the Heathen ch.26 p.17

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes half of 1 Corinthians 2:8 as by Paul in Incarnation of the Word ch.54 p.65

Athanasius (318 A.D.) says 2 Corinthians 5:10 is by the blessed Paul. Incarnation of the Word ch.56 p.66-67.

Athanasius (318 A.D., prior to Nicea) quotes Ephesians 3:18 as being by Paul. Incarnation of the Word ch.16 p.45.

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes Philippians 3:14 as by Paul in Against the Heathen ch.5 p.6

Athanasius (318 A.D.,) quotes Colossians 1:15-18 in Against the Heathen ch.41 p.26

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes Hebrews 11:3 as by Paul. Incarnation of the Word ch.3 p.37

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes Hebrews 2:9 in Incarnation of the Word ch.10 p.41

Athanasius (318 A.D.) (not counted) quotes part of Hebrews 4:12, except that he says "Son of God" instead of the Spirit. Incarnation of the Word ch.131 p.53

Athanasius (318 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 2:22 Incarnation of the Word ch.17 p.45

 

Athanasius (318 A.D.) called the Shepherd of Hermas an edifying book. Incarnation of the Word ch.3.1 p.37

 

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Lactantius (c.303-c.325)

unfinished

 

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) "After He had risen again on the third day, He gathered together His apostles, whom fear, at the time of His being laid hold on, had put to flight; and while He sojourned with them forty days, He opened their hearts, interpreted to them the Scripture, which hitherto had been wrapped up in obscurity, ordained and fitted them for the preaching of His word and doctrine, and regulated all things concerning the institutions of the New Testament; and this having been accomplished, a cloud and whirlwind enveloped Him, and caught Him up from the sight of men unto heaven." Manner in Which the Persecutors Died ch.2 p.311

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) alludes to Matthew 14:22-26 in discussing Jesus walking on the water. The Divine Institutes book 4 ch.15 p.116. Lactantius also alludes to Matthew 5:44; 7:15; 18:7; and chapters 14, 19, 21. He quotes from Isaiah 7:14 as by Isaiah which is also Matthew 1:23.

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) alludes to Matthew 14; Mark 6, Luke 9, and John 6 when he relates the incident of the five loaves and two fishes. The Divine Institutes book 4 ch.15 p.115

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) alludes to Matthew 8, Mark 4, and Luke 8 when he speaks of "sacred writings" teaching that Jesus "compelled the winds to obey, the seas to serve Him, diseases to depart, the dead to be submissive." The Divine Institutes book 4 ch.15 p.116

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) quotes Luke 14:2 in The Divine Institutes book 5 ch.16 p.151.

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) quotes John 1:1-3 as "John also thus taught." The Divine Institutes book 4 ch.9 p.107

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) alludes to Acts 1:9, saying "He [Jesus] might proceed to His Father borne aloft on a cloud." The Divine Institutes book 4 ch.12 p.111

Lactantius (c.303-c.325 A.D.) alludes to Romans 1:22 in The Divine Institutes book 2 ch.3 p.44. He alludes to Romans 1:21-23 in The Divine Institutes book 4 ch.1 p.101

Lactantius quotes half of Ephesians 4:26 as "God has enjoined us not to let the sun go down upon our wrath." The Divine Institutes book 6 ch.18 p.185

Lactantius (c.303-325 A.D.) alludes to Revelation 19:12: "his name is known to none, except to Himself and the Father, as John teaches in the Revelation." The Epitome of the Divine Institutes ch.41 p.238

 

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Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.)

 

Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.) "And besides the pious opinion concerning the Father and the Son, we confess to one Holy Spirit, as the divine Scriptures teach us; who hath inaugurated both the holy men of the Old Testament, and the divine teachers of that which is called the New." Epistles on the Arian Heresy Letter 1 ch.12 p.296

Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.) mentions God who gave us the Law, the prophets, and the Gospels. Epistles on the Arian Heresy Epistle 1 ch.12 p.295

Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.) quotes John 1:1-3 and John 1:18 as by John. Epistles on the Arian Heresy ch.4 p.292

Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.) quotes John 5:1 as "the Lord Himself testified" Epistles on the Arian Heresy ch.11 p.295

Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.) quotes Romans 8:32 as by St. Paul. Epistles on the Arian Heresy Epistle 1 ch.8 p.294

Alexander of Alexandria (313-326 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 2:9 as by the apostle Paul and Colossians 1:16,17 as by Paul in Epistles on the Arian Heresy Epistle 1 ch.5 p.293

Alexander of Alexandria quotes Colossians 1:16,17 as by Paul in Epistles on the Arian Heresy Epistle 1 ch.7 p.293

 

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Council of Nicea (325 A.D.)

 

Council of Nicea (325 A.D.) alludes to 2 Peter 2:22 (dogs and sows) in Canon 12 p.27.

 

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Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.) book 3 ch.24 p.152 discusses the four gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series vol.1 p.152

Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.) book 2 ch.18 p.122 says that is in "the sacred book of Acts" Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series vol.1 p.122 Luke wrote Acts of the Apostles. ibid ch.22 p.124

Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.) book 3 ch.3 p.134 (Implied) He says, "Paul's fourteen epistles are well known and undisputed." Then he says some dispute whether Paul wrote Hebrews or not. He also says in book 3 ch.25 p.155 that the letters of Paul are scripture. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series vol.1 p.155.

Eusebius wrote whole commentaries on Luke and 1 Corinthians. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series vol.1 p.41

Eusebius (318-339/340 A.D.) quotes Philippians 2:6 in Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History book 5 ch.2 p.216. He quotes Philippians 2:6-8 as "Sacred Scriptures in book 8 ch.10 p.330-331. He says that Paul referred to other Christians as "fellow laborers" in book 3 ch.4 p.136

Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.) book 2 ch.22 p.124 says that Paul wrote the second letter to Timothy while in prison Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series vol.1 p.124

Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.) book 3 ch.3 p.133-135 discusses the books of the New Testament. He says 1 Peter is genuine. He says that Paul's 14 letters are well-known, though the church in Rome doubted that Paul wrote Hebrews. He says that 2 Peter is disputed. The so-called Acts of Paul, [Shepherd of] Hermas, Acts of Peter, and Gospel of Peter and Preaching of Peter, and the Apocalypse are not genuine. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series vol.1 p.123-145

 

1/2 Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History (323-326 A.D.) book 2 ch.23 p.128 says that James and Jude are said to have written the letters that bear their names, though this is disputed. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series vol.1 p.128

 

 

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Aphrahat the Syrian (337-345 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Aphrahat the Syrian (337-345 A.D.) mentions Lazarus coming out of the tomb, and the Lord saying, "Come forth". quotes part of John 11:43 saying that Jesus said it. Select Demonstrations Demonstration 8 ch.14 p.379

Aphrahat the Syrian (337-345 A.D.) quotes part of John 15:15 saying that Jesus said it. Select Demonstrations Demonstration 1 ch.8 p.348

 

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Basil of Cappadocia (357-379 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Basil of Cappadocia (357-379 A.D.) "Never neglect reading, especially of the New Testament, because very frequently mischief comes of reading the Old; not because what is written is harmful, but because the minds of the injured are weak. All bread is nutritious, but it may be injurious to the sick. Just so all Scripture is God inspired and profitable, and there is nothing in it unclean: only to him who think it is unclean, to him it is unclean." Basil to Julian Letter 42.3 p.144-145

 

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes Matthew 23:19 as "taught by the words of the Lord in the Gospel" Letter 52 ch.3 p.156

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) refers to Mark 13:32 as by Jesus in Letter 8 ch.7 p.119

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes from Luke as by Jesus. He also refers to Luke 9:26. He also refers to Luke 14:29 as by the Lord in Letter 42 ch.1 p.143

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes Acts 1:7 as "Acts of the Apostles" Letter 8 ch.6 p.118. See also On the Spirit ch.12.28 p.18

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes Romans 11:36 as by Paul. On the Spirit ch.5 p.5

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 3:13 as by the Apostle. On the Spirit ch.15.36 p.22. He also says that 1 Corinthians 7:6 is by Paul. Letter 8 ch.3 p.117

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 10:4 as "Paul writes to the Corinthians". On the Spirit ch.16.37 p.23

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes Galatians 4:7 as by Paul. On the Spirit ch.5.10 p.7

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 4:15,16 as "Ephesians" On the Spirit ch.5.9 p.61. Basil also quotes Ephesians 3:9 as by Paul. On the Spirit ch.11 p.7

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes Philippians 3:10,11 as by Paul. On the Spirit ch.15.34 p.21

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes Colossians 2:19 as "Colossians". On the Spirit ch.5.9 p.6

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes 1 Thessalonians 3:12,13 as by the Apostle, "to the faithful at Thessalonica". On the Spirit ch.21.52 p.33

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes 2 Thessalonians 1:7 as by Paul. On the Spirit ch.13.29 p.19

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 5:21 as "Paul in his charge to Timothy". On the Spirit ch.13.29 p.18

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 2:2 as by Paul. On the Spirit ch.13.29 p.19

Basil of Cappadocia (357-378/379 A.D.) quotes 1 John 3:23 as "John too writes". On the Spirit ch.5.9 p.7

 

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Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.)

unfinished

 

When did Cyril write?

Cyril was born c.318 A.D., but he did not write until he became a Christian, and probably not until he became a bishop. He probably became a bishop a little before c.349 A.D.

 

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) mentions the Old Testament and New in Lecture 2.4 p.8 and 3.6 p.15

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) says there were only four gospels in Lecture 4:36 p.27

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) says that Matthew wrote in Hebrew. Lecture 14.15 p.98

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) refers to Mark 1:1,4 as the gospel Lecture 3.6 p.15

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes part of Luke 4:41 as Scripture Lecture 10.15 p.4 and refers to it as the Gospel in Lecture 2.4 p.9.

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes John 1:1 as by John the Divine in Lecture 12.1 p.72

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) mentions the Acts of the Apostles in Lecture 14.28 p.102

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) mentions Romans 8:14 as by Paul written to the Romans Lecture 14.29 p.102

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 11:23 by the blessed Paul in Lecture 22.1 p.151

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 13:3 as by Paul in Lecture 10.17 p.62

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes part of Galatians 4:4 as by Paul in Lecture 12.31 p.80

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 2:10 as by the Apostle in Lecture 2.1 p.8

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes Philippians on p.150

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes Colossians on p.19

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes 2 Thessalonians 2:4 as by Paul in Lecture 15.14 p.108

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes Titus 2:11 as Paul writing to Timothy in Lecture 1.2 p.104

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes Hebrews on p.76

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) mentions James in the "Seven Catholic Epistles of James, Peter, John, and Jude" in Lecture 4.36 p.28

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 3:22 as by Peter in Lecture 14:29 p.102

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:17. Catechetical Lectures Lecture 7 ch.14 p.47.

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes the first half of 1 Peter 1:11. Catechetical Lectures Lecture 17 ch.4 p.125.

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) Alludes to 2 Peter 1:19 in Lecture 10.15 p.61

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) quotes 1 John 2:22 as by the Apostle in Lecture 10.14 p.61

Cyril of Jerusalem (c.349-386 A.D.) alludes to 2 John in Lecture 6.19 p.39

Mentions all the books of scripture; reject the rest. Does not mention the Apocalypse in Lecture 4.36 p.38

 

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Pelagius (c.390 A.D.)

 

Rom 1:1,13,15,(29),31; 2:16; 3:7,12,22,25,28; 4:1,15,19,22; 5:1,6; 6:4?,8,11,12; 7:14,18,20,22,25; 8:1-2,11,24,26,28,34,35,38; 9:4,23,28,32,33; 10:1,15; 11:25,31; 13:1,9,11; 14L 9),10;19,21,22,23; 15:7,19,24,29,31,33; 16:15,25-27

 

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Gregory of Nazianzus (c.330-397 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Gregory Nazianzus (c.330-391 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 5:8b. Second Theological Oration ch.28.2 p.289

 

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Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.)

unfinished

Or 335-394 A.D

 

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) was a brother of Basil of Cappadocia and close friend of Gregory Nazianzus

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) mentions the Gospels in Against Eunomius book 2 ch.4 p.104, and On Infant Early Deaths p.378

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) mentions Matthew in On the Baptism of Christ p.523

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) refers to Luke 6:36 as by the Lord in Against Eunomius book1 ch.34 p.89

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) says John 1:3 is by John in Against Eunomius book 2 ch.7 p.112

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) mentions Acts in Second Book Against Eunomius p.274 and p.276.

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes Acts 2:36 in Against Eunomius book 5 ch.3 p.177

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) says Romans 1:1 is by Paul in Against Eunomius book 2 ch.4 p.105 and the Epistle to the Romans in Against Eunomius book 2 ch.9 p.117

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) 1 Corinthians 15:51,52 "the divine Apostle .. to the Corinthians" On the Making of Man ch32.6 p.412

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) alludes to 2 Corinthians 5:16 as by Paul in Against Eunomius book 6 ch.2 p.184. Also Paul to the Corinthians for 2 Corinthians 5:20 in Against Eunomius book 2 ch.14 p.128-129

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes part of Galatians 1:8-9 as by Paul in Against Eunomius book 2 ch.14 p.129

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) alludes to Ephesians 3:18 as "Paul ... people of Ephesus". Also, the Great Catechism ch.32 p.150

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes Philippians 2:10 as "Philippians" The Great Catechism ch.32 p.150

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:16 as by Paul in Against Eunomius book 1 ch.22 p.63-64

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) says 1 Thessalonians 4:17 is by Paul in On the Making of Man ch.22.6 p.412

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes half of 2 Thessalonians 3:8 as by the Apostle in Against Eunomius book 1 ch.10 p.45

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) says 1 Timothy 4:4 is by Paul in Against Eunomius book 37 p.86

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes of 2 Timothy 3:16 as by the Apostle in Against Eunomius book 7 ch.1 p.192

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) mentions Titus 2:13 as "writing to his disciple Titus" in Against Eunomius book 11 ch.2 p.232

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) refers to Titus 2:9 as by the Apostle in Against Eunomius book 2 ch.14 p.130

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) mentions the "Epistle to the Hebrews" as by Paul in Against Eunomius book 6 ch.2 p.184

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 2:22 as "it says" Against Eunomius book 6 ch.3 p.186

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:24 which is also Isaiah 40:8. Funeral Oration on Meletius p.514.

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) says "John in one of his Catholic Epistles" and quotes 1 John 2:1. This indicates there were other epistles too. Against Eunomius book 2 ch.14 p.128

Gregory of Nyssa (c.356-397 A.D.) alludes to Revelation 1:6 in On Virginity ch.24 p.376

 

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Lucifer of Cagliari (361-c.399 A.D.)

 

Jn 14:15; Acts 12:23; Rom 1:29; 8:35; 1 Cor, 2 Cor, Gal, Eph, Col 2:18; 2 Th 3:6; 1 Tim 2:1; 6:5; Tt 219; 3:19; Heb 3:6; 1 Pet 5:8 from Aland et al.

 

Not Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Timothy, Philemon James 2 Peter

 

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Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.)

 

http://books.google.com/books?id=PmI2AAAAMAAJ&pg=RA1-PA172&lpg=RA1-PA172&dq=epiphanius+of+salamis&source=web&ots=Y-GueaJYs_&sig=loNTFD8TULbDBBODQcMMcR-Ugzw#PRA1-PA179,M1

 

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) mentions the four gospels, 14 letters of Paul, James, Peter, John, Jude, Acts, Apocalypse of John, Wisdom of Solomon and Sirach (=Ecclesiasticus).

 

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Rufinus (376-404 A.D.)

unfinished

 

Rufinus mentions Paul writing about Clement in Philippians 4:3 in his Epilogue to Pamphilus p.423

Rufinus mentions the Second Letter to the Thessalonians in his Epilogue to Pamphilus p.424

Rufinus (374-406 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 3:10-20 as by Peter. A Commentary on the Apostles' Creed ch.30 p.554

 

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John Chrysostom (martyred 407 A.D.)

(unfinished)

 

Chrysostom mentions the Old Testament in The Gospel of Matthew Homily 1 3 p.2 and 6 p.3 (vol.10)

John Chrysostom (martyred 406 A.D.) discusses where there are four gospels, not just one in The Gospel of Matthew Homily 1.6 p.3. (vol.10)

John Chrysostom (martyred 406 A.D.) mentions Mark in Homily 4 p.20 (vol.10)

John Chrysostom (-406 A.D.) says Luke's genealogy is fuller than Matthew's. Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew Homily 1.14 p.7 (vol.10)

John Chrysostom (-406 A.D.) wrote commentaries on John, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews.

John Chrysostom (-406 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:4 as by Paul in Homilies on John Homily 23 p.12

John Chrysostom (-406 A.D.) quotes Philippians 4:4 as by Paul in Homilies on Acts of the Apostles Homily 16 p.104

John Chrysostom (392-407 A.D.) quotes the last third of James 2:18 as "it says". Homilies on the Gospel of St. John Homily 72 on John 13:20. vol.14 p.267.

John Chrysostom (392-307 A.D.) quotes three-fourths of James 2:13 in Homilies on Philemon Homily 3 verse 25 vol. p.556

John Chrysostom (died 407 A.D.) quotes the first three-fourths of 1 Peter 1:24. Commentary on St John Homily 42 vol.14 p.154.

John Chrysostom (-407 A.D.) quotes from 1 Peter and 1 John vol.14

John Chrysostom (-407 A.D.) quotes from 1 Peter 2:12 in Homilies on Hebrews Homily 28.4 p.493

John Chrysostom (-407 A.D.) alludes to Revelation (vol.14)

 

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Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-417 A.D.)

c.20 pages

 

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) mentions the gospels. Defense Against the Pelagians ch.7 p.123

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) quotes Matthew 5:14 as "the Lord declares". Defense Against the Pelagians ch.17 p.138

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) alludes to Matthew 26:47-50; Mark 14:43-46; Luke 22:47-48; John 18:3-9. Defense Against the Pelagians ch.8 p.124

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) alludes to Acts 6:11-13 Defense Against the Pelagians ch.8 p.124

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) quotes part of 1 Corinthians 15:10 as by Paul. Defense Against the Pelagians ch.10 p.127

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 1:4-7 as what "the Apostle Paul wrote to the Corinthians" Defense Against the Pelagians ch.21 p.144

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) refers to 2 Corinthians 5:9-10 as by the Apostle Paul. Defense Against the Pelagians ch.18 p.140

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) quotes half of Ephesians 4:7 as by the apostle. Defense Against the Pelagians ch.17 p.137

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:9-10 as by the Apostle Peter. Defense Against the Pelagians ch.21 p.144

 

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (414-418 A.D.) alludes to Revelation 20:12 as in the Apocalypse of John. Defense Against the Pelagians ch.13 p.131

 

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Priscillian

 

Rom 2:16; 3:25,28; 7:25; 8:11; 11:26

 

0172 Rom 1:29

 

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Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History (370/380-425 A.D.)

 

Sozomen (370-380/425 A.D.) mentions of the gospels in Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 2 ch.14 p.267

Matthew 24:36 as by the evangelist Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 7 ch.17 p.387

Luke 24:13 allusion divine book of the gospel. Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 5 ch.21 p.343

Sozomon (370/380-425 A.D.) quotes John 3:13 as scripture. Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 6 ch.27 p.364

Sozomon (370/380-425 A.D.) says 1 Corinthians 11:12 as by the Apostle Paul. Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 4 ch.29 p.324

Sozomen (370/380-425 A.D.) alludes to 1 Timothy 5:9 saying it is by Paul. Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 7 ch.16 p.387

Sozomen (370/380-425 A.D.) calls Titus 1:15 the Divine word. Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 1 ch.11 p.247

Sozomen (370/380-425 A.D.) refers to 1 John 5:16 as "Scriptures". Sozomen's Ecclesiastical History book 1 ch.22 p.256

 

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Athanasius after Nicea (367 A.D.)

 

Athanasius (367 A.D.) "Again it is not tedious to speak of the [books] of the New Testament. These are, the four Gospels, according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Afterwards, the Acts of the Apostles and Epistles (called Catholic), seven, viz. of James, one; of Peter, two; of John, three; after these, one of Jude. In addition, there are fourteen Epistles of Paul, written in this order. The first, to the Romans; then two to the Corinthians; after these, to the Galatians; next, to the Ephesians; then to the Philippians; then to the Colossians; after these, two to the Thessalonians, and that to the Hebrews; and again, two to Timothy; one to Titus; and lastly, that to Philemon. And besides, the Revelation of John." (Athanasius' Festal Letter 39 ch.5 p.552)

 

Basil ch.35.34-35

Reply to the suggested objection that we are baptized "into water."  Also concerning baptism.

34.  What more?  Verily, our opponents are well equipped with arguments.  We are baptized, they urge, into water, and of course we shall not honour the water above all creation, or give it a share of the honour of the Father and of the Son.  The arguments of these men are such as might be expected from angry disputants, leaving no means untried in their attack on him who has offended them, because their reason is clouded over by their feelings.  We will not, however, shrink from the discussion even of these points.  If we do not teach the ignorant, at least we shall not turn away before evil doers.  But let us for a moment retrace our steps.

35.  The dispensation of our God and Saviour concerning man is a recall from the fall and a return from the alienation caused by disobedience to close communion with God.  This is the reason for the sojourn of Christ in the flesh, the pattern life described in the Gospels, the sufferings,

 

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Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.)

 

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) mentions the gospels. The Trinity book 2 ch.23 p.58

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) "Again the Gospels fill up what is lacking in one another: we learn some things from one, some from another, and so on, because all are the proclamation of the same spirit." The Trinity book 10 ch.42 p.193

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) authoritatively refers to John, Luke, Matthew, and Mark. On the Trinity book 10 ch.43 p.193

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes from Luke 18:19 as by Jesus. On the Trinity book 1 ch.31 p.48

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes Acts 1:7 as by Jesus. On the Trinity book 9 ch.75 p.181

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:2-4 as by Paul. On the Trinity book 7 ch.25 p.129

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes Romans 6:10-11 "again to the Romans he [the blessed Apostle] writes" On the Trinity book 9 ch.13 p.159

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 3:8 as "those words to the Corinthians" On the Trinity book 8 ch.5 p.139

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 13:4 as "to the Corinthians he [the blessed Apostle] writes" On the Trinity book 9 ch.3 p.159

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) refers to Colossians 2:2-3 as by Paul. On the Trinity book 9 ch.62 p.177

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes half of 2 Timothy 2:17 as by the Apostle, just after he mentioned the Blessed Apostle Paul in the same chapter. On the Trinity book 8 ch.1 p.137

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes Titus 1:9-10 as by the "Blessed Apostle Paul" On the Trinity book 8 ch.1 p.137

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368) quotes the first half of Philemon 1. "Read the Apostles: Paul, the servant of Christ, boast of his bonds. Let us see whether this 'prisoner of Jesus Christ'" On the Trinity book 4 ch.39 p.83

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes part of James 1:17 as by "the apostle James". On the Trinity book 4 ch.8 p.73

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) quotes 1/4 of 1 Peter 4:19 as by Peter. On the Trinity ch.12.4 p.219

Hilary of Poitiers (355-367/368 A.D.) "And again, though he be aware that he is partake of the Divine nature, as the holy apostle Peter says in his second Epistle, yet he must not measure the Divine nature by the limitations of his own,..." On the Trinity book 1 ch.18 p.45

 

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Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae (350-370 A.D. or 5th century)

 

Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae (350-370 A.D. or 5th century) 2 Peter 1:1 with  "our Lord Jesus Christ" instead of "our God and Savior Jesus Christ." See http://groups.yahoo.com/group/textualcriticism/message/3574

 

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Ephraim the Syrian (350-378 A.D.)

 

Ephraim/Ephrem the Syrian (350-378 A.D.) quotes John 11:6 in Three Homilies Homily 1 ch.11 p.309

 

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Synod of Laodicea (343-381 A.D.)

unfinished

 

The Synod of Laodicea (343-381 A.D.) canon 59 p.158 mentions the Old and New Testaments.

 

Socrates' Ecclesiastical History (c.400-439 A.D.) book 3 ch.16 p.87 says that Apollinaris expounded the gospels.

Socrates' Ecclesiastical History book 2 ch.16 p.87 extra biblical saying allegedly of Jesus. "Moreover, both Christ and his Apostle enjoin us 'to become discriminating money-changers.' And then quotes part of 1 Thessalonians 5:21 "so that we might 'prove all things, and hold fast that which is good.' As a side note, Ignatius in his Letter to the Magnesians ch.5 also mentions two kinds of coinage: God's and Satan's.

 

Socrates' Ecclesiastical History book 3 ch.20 p.89 mentions the Jews and the Law of Moses and Christ in the holy gospels.

 

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Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.)

 

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) mentions the Old and New Testaments in Of the Christian Faith book 1 ch.8.57 p.210

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:24-25 as by "Paul, who, filled with the Spirit of God." On the Christian Faith book 1 ch.16.101 p.218.

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) quotes Romans 8:32 as Scripture. On the Christian Faith book 1 ch.17.109 p.219.

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) quotes the last half of Ephesians 2:8 as "in the words of Paul" Of the Holy Spirit book 1 ch.6.61 p.122.

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 4:7,8 as by Paul Duties of the Clergy book 1 ch.15.58 p.11.

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) quotes all of Titus 2:1 as by the Apostle. Duties of the Clergy book 1 ch.10 p.6

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) quotes half of 1 Peter 3:4 as by Saint Peter. Duties of the Clergy Book1 ch.70 p.13.

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) alludes to 2 Peter 1:21. "so too the Holy Spirit is one, who energized in the prophets,"

Ambrose of Milan (370-390 A.D.) quotes Revelation 1:8 as "Scripture". On the Christian Faith book 2 ch.4.35 p.228

 

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Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.)

c.23 pages

 

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) mentions the New Testament in On Penitents ch.4.1 p.74

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) mentions "the gospels" in Letter 3 ch.5.1 p.44

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) mentions two evangelists: Matthew and John. Letter 3 ch.11.1 p.51

quotes Jn 1:12 as by John. On Baptism ch.6.2 p.92

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) mentions Paul quoting a Greek poet (Acts 17:28-29) in "Acts of the Apostles" Letter 4.2 p.31

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes Romans 2:4-5 as by the Apostle Paul. On Penitents ch.11.2 p.84

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes Romans 5:13 and says, "Before the Law sin slew man with a sheathed sword, and under the Law, with a drawn sword. What hope did man have?" On Baptism ch.2.1 p.88

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 11:16 as by Paul. Letter 1 ch.2.3 p.19

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 2:6-8 as by Paul in the Second Letter to the Corinthians. Letter 3 ch.18.1 p.60

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes part of Galatians 5:13 as by the Apostle Paul. On Penitents ch.3.2 p.74

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 4:2-3 in Letter 3 ch.5.1 p.44

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes Colossians 2:14-15 as by the apostle. On Baptism ch.4.1 p.90

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 5:22 as by the Apostle Paul. Letter 3 ch.19.2 p.61

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes 2 Timothy 1:4 as Paul writing to Timothy. Letter 3 ch.15.1 p.55

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes 1 John 5:16 (sins leading to death) as by John. On Penitents ch.4.3 p.75

Pacian of Barcelona (342-379/392 A.D.) quotes Revelation 18:7 as in the Apocalypse. On Penitents ch.18.2 p.84

Pacian of Barcelona (343-377-379-392 A.D.) (partial) refers to Revelation 2:5 as in the Apocalypse. (Does not say by John though.) On Penance ch.11 (3) p.86

 

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Arian Heretic Eunomius of Cyzicus (c.360-383/394 A.D.)

 

The Arian heretic Eunomius of Cyzicus (c.360-c.394 A.D.) alludes to Mark 10:18 (God alone is good) Apologetic Letter ch.21 p.61

The Arian heretic Eunomius of Cyzicus (c.360-c.394 A.D.) quotes parts of John 1:3 as by "the blessed John" Apologetic Letter ch.26 p.71

The Arian heretic Eunomius (c.360-c.394 A.D.) quotes Acts 2:36 as Peter is speaking. Apologetic Letter ch.25 p.71

Arian heretic Eunomius (c.360-c.394 A.D.) quotes Romans 8:18 as by the Apostle. Apologetic Letter ch.3 p.37

Arian heretic Eunomius (c.360-c.394 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 15:28 as by the blessed Paul. Apologetic Letter ch.26 p.73

Arian heretic Eunomius (c.360-c.394 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:15-16 as by "the blessed Paul" Apologetic Letter ch.24 p.65

Arian heretic Eunomius (c.360-c.394 A.D.) alludes to 2 Timothy 2:25 as by "the blessed Paul" Apologetic Letter ch.19 p.57

 

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Didymus the Blind (398 A.D.)

 

Didymus the blind was from Alexandria.

 

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) refers to the Old and New Testament. Commentary on Zechariah 8 p.201

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes Mt 2:23 as by the evangelist Matthew. Commentary on Zechariah 13 p.312

Didymus the Blind quotes John 10:11 as the gospel. Commentary on Zechariah 11 p.267

 

Didymus the Blind (398 A.D.) alludes to Acts 13:8-11. Commentary on Zechariah 11 p.285

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes Romans 1:1-4 as by Paul. Commentary on Zechariah 10 p.233-234

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) refers to 1 Corinthians as Paul to the Corinthians. Commentary on Zechariah 10 p.233

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes of 2 Corinthians 4:10. Commentary on Zechariah 7 p.153

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes Galatians 4:19 as the apostle writing to the Galatians. Commentary on Zechariah 10 p.241

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 2:14-15. Commentary on Zechariah 11 p.279

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes part of Philippians 3:19 as by the apostle. Commentary on Zechariah 11 p.281

 

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes 2 Thessalonians 2:9 as Paul writing to the Thessalonians. Commentary on Zechariah 11 p.284

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 4:1-2 as by Paul. Commentary on Zechariah 13 p.309

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) refers to Titus 1:5-9 as by the apostle to Titus. Commentary on Zechariah 8 p.162

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes Hebrews 11:10 as by Paul. Commentary on Zechariah 12 p.292-293

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes James 1:12,2:3 as by James. Commentary on Zechariah 6 p.129-130

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes James 1:27 as by James. Commentary on Zechariah 7 p.138

Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) quotes 1 Peter 1:2 as by Peter. Commentary on Zechariah 13 p.307-308

X Didymus the blind (398 A.D.) rejected the book of Jude, because it quoted from apocryphal books.

 

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Syriac Book of Steps (Liber Graduum) (350-400 A.D.)

 

Syriac Book of Steps (Liber Graduum) (350-400 A.D.) refers to Matthew 25:24 as "The LORD says" Memra 3 ch.4 p.26

Syriac Book of Steps (Liber Graduum) (350-400 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 8:8 as by Paul. Memra 15 ch.6 p.143

 

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Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.)

 

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) mentions the Old and New Testaments. The Panarion section 3 scholion 1 and 5 p.334

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) refers to the Gospel of Mark. The Panarion section 3 ch.44 p.345

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) Gospel of John The Panarion section 3 ch.44 p.342

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) mentions Philemon, Hebrews, two letters to Timothy, Titus, Romans, Galatians, Philippians, Ephesians. The Panarion section 3 from scholion 1 and 5 p.334

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 3:2 as by Paul. The Panarion section 2 end of the Letter to Flora p.207

Epiphanius of Salamis (360-403 A.D.) mentions second epistle to the Corinthians. The Panarion section 3 scholion 15 and 23 p.328

 

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Sulpicius/Sulpitius Severus (363-420 A.D.)

116 1/2 pages unfinished

 

Sulpicius/Sulpitius Severus (363-420 A.D.) mentions the Gospels in Sulpitius Severus Dialog 1 ch.26 p.37 and Dialog 2 ch.13 p.45

Sulpicius/Sulpitius Severus (363-420 A.D.) quotes Matthew 17:40 in Sulpitius Severus Letter 1 p.18

Sulpicius/Sulpitius Severus (363-420 A.D.) mentions Luke by name in History book 2 ch.28 p.110

Sulpicius/Sulpitius Severus (363-420 A.D.) mentions the Acts of the Apostles in History book 1 ch.36 p.89 and History book 2 ch.28 p.110

Sulpitius Severus says John the apostle and evangelist wrote Revelation in History book 2 ch.31 p.112

 

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Pelagian Heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.)

 

Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423.429 A.D.) refers by name to the New Testament, quoting Mt 28:2-3. Commentary on Zechariah ch.1 p.331

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes Matthew 5:23-24 as given by the Lord in the Gospels. Commentary on Malachi ch.2 p.410

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes Mark 10:2-9 as by the Lord in the gospels. Commentary on Malachi ch.2 p.412

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) alludes to Luke 11:42 as "in the gospels." Commentary on Hosea ch.5 p.63

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes John 1:29 as by the Blessed John [the Baptist] Commentary on Malachi ch.3 p.415

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes John 6:49 as Scripture. Commentary on Hosea ch.2 p.45

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes John 4:21-24 as by the Lord. Commentary on Malachi ch.3 p.416

The Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) alludes to Stephen in Acts 7:42-43 as "in the Acts of the Holy Apostles". Commentary on Amos ch.5 p.154

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes Acts 2:31 as said by Peter. Commentary on Zechariah ch.9 p.368

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) paraphrases Romans 1:26,28 as by Paul. Commentary on Zechariah ch.11 p.380. He quotes part of Rom 1:18 as by the blessed Paul. Commentary on Hosea ch.5 p.61

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes Romans 9:1-5 as by Paul in Commentary on Jonah preface p.191-192

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 16:22 as by Paul. Commentary on Zechariah ch.14 p.394, and 1 Cor 10:11 as by Paul in Commentary on Jonah preface p.187

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 4:13 as by Paul. Commentary on Nahum ch.1 p.248

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) alludes to Galatians 3:22 as by Paul. Commentary on Jonah preface p.190

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) quotes part of 2 Timothy 2:19: "The Lord knows who are His." Commentary on Zechariah ch.14 p.393

Pelagian heretic Theodore of Mopsuestia (392-423/429 A.D.) alludes to Hebrews 7:11 as by the blessed Paul. Commentary on Hosea ch.24 p.56 and Heb 9:13 as by Paul in Commentary on Jonah preface p.187

 

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Jerome (317-420 A.D.)

 

Jerome (317-420 A.D.) mentions by name the "New Testament", Matthew, Mark, Luke, John as "the Lord's team of four", seven church letters of Paul, Hebrews, Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Acts of the Apostles, seven epistles among James, Peter, John, and Jude, and the Apocalypse of John all in letter 53 ch.9 p.101-102.

Jerome (317-420 A.D.) quotes Romans 7:6 as "says the apostle". Letters of Jerome Letter 69 ch.7 p.146

Jerome (373-420 A.D.) alludes to 1 Thessalonians 4:13. "And the Apostle forbids the Thessalonians to be sorry for those who were asleep." Against Vigilantius ch.6 p.419. He quotes all of 1 Thessalonians 5:17 "Pray without ceasing" in Letter 125 ch.11 p.248

Jerome (317-420 A.D.) "If Paul can say to Timothy," and quotes 1 Timothy 5:11 and 1 Timothy 5:2. Letters of Jerome Letter 123 ch.15 p.236.

 

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Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.)

 

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the New Testament in The City of God book 17 ch.4 p.341; book 17 ch.6 p.344

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the New Testament in Commentary on Psalms p.405,521,531,681

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions that there are only four gospels, just like the four divisions of the world in The Harmony of the Gospels book 1 ch.2 p.78 (vol.6)

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) quotes Acts 17:30,31 in The City of God book 18 ch.54 p.395

Augustine of Hippo mentions apostle writing Romans in The City of God book 20 ch.1 p.421

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) quotes 1 Corinthians 10:17 as being by the Apostle Paul in The City of God book 17 ch.5 p.345

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) quotes 2 Corinthians 2:15 in On Baptism, Against the Donatists ch.39 p.508

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) alludes to Philippians 1:15,17 as being by the Apostle Paul in On Baptism, Against the Donatists ch.47 p.511

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions Philippians 3:7,8 as being by the apostle in The City of God book 17 ch.4 p.341

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the apostle writing to the Thessalonians and quotes 1 Thessalonians 1:13 in On the Predestination of the Saints ch.39 p.517

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions apostle writing to the Thessalonians and quotes 1 Thessalonians 4:13-16 in The City of God book 20 ch.20 p.439

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions Paul writing to the Thessalonians and quotes 2 Thessalonians 2:1-11 in The City of God book 20 ch.19 p.437

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the apostle writing 1 Timothy 2:2 in The City of God book 19 ch.26 p.419

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the Epistle to Philemon and quotes Philemon 13,14 in On Man's Perfection in Righteousness p.174-175 (vol.5)

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the apostle James and refers to three-fourths of James 2:13 in The City of God book 19 ch.26 p.419

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the apostle James and refers to James 4:14 in On the Psalms.

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions 1 Peter 2:20 as by Peter in The Letters of Petilian, the Donatist ch.226 p.587

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions 2 Peter 1:4 as being by the Apostle Peter in On the Proceedings of Pelagius ch.42 p.202 (vol.5)

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) says Paul (On the Forgiveness of Sin, and Baptism) book 1 ch.43 p.31 (vol.5) wrote the books Romans, 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians (ch.44 p.32), Galatians (ch.45 p.32), Ephesians (ch.46 p.33), Colossians (ch.47 p.33), 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy (ch.48 p.33), Titus (ch.49 p.33), Epistle to the Hebrews (doubted by some) (ch.50 p.34), John quoting Revelation 5:9 (ch.51 p.34), Acts of the Apostles (ch.52 p.34)

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the Apostle John and refers to 1 John 4:7 in The City of God book 17 ch.5 p.342

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the Apostle John in his epistle and quotes 2 John 10,11 in On Baptism, Against the Donatists ch.45 p.509

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) mentions the Apostle John writing to the seven churches (Revelation 1:4) in The City of God book 17 ch.4 p.341

Augustine of Hippo (388-430 A.D.) quotes Jude 19 in On Baptism, Against the Donatists ch.50 p.651

Augustine of Hippo quotes Jude 24 as being by Jude the apostle in On Rebuke and Grace ch.10 p.475 (vol.5). Also The City of God book 18 ch.38 p.383

Augustine of Hippo (388-8/28/430 A.D.) quotes Revelation 5:9 as by John. On the Forgiveness of Sin, and Baptism) book 1 ch.51 p.34. He also refers to Revelation 21:3.

Augustine of Hippo (388-8/28/430 A.D.) mentions the evangelist John in the book which is called the Apocalypse in The City of God book 20 ch.7 p.426

 

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John Cassian (419-430 A.D.)

 

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) The New Testament referred to by name in the Institutes of John Cassian book 1.1 p.201 and the Conference of the Abbot Paphnutius ch.15 p.327

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) The "Gospels" are referred to in the Institutes of John Cassian book 3.3 p.214 and the fourfold narrative of the evangelists in the Institutes of John Cassian book 3.3 p.213

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes Matthew 1:1 as "the Gospel of the Evangelist Matthew" in The Seven Books of John Cassian book 7 ch.15 p.612.

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) Matthew 6:24 is quoted as by the Lord in the Institutes of John Cassian book 7.16 p.253

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) Mark 9:23 is said to be from the gospel in the Conference of the Abbot Paphnutius ch.16 p.327

John Cassian (410-430 A.D.) mentions Luke 4:27 as by Luke in Conference of the Abbot Nesteros ch.1 p.445

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) says that John 1:11 is by the Evangelist John according to the Seven Books of John Cassian book 3.7 p.577

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) mentions Acts 4:32-34 as in the Acts of the Apostles in the Institutes of John Cassian book 2.5 p.206

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes Romans 14:10,11 as "the apostle... writing to the Romans" in The Seven Books of John Cassian book 3 ch.7 p.566

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) Half quote of Romans 13:4 as by the Apostle in the Institutes of John Cassian book 5.8 p.236

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quote of 1 Corinthians 3:16; 4:16 as by Paul in the Institutes of John Cassian book 9.3 p.264

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) refers to 1 Corinthians 12:9 as by the Apostle Paul in Conference of the Abbot Piamun ch.13 p.485 as well as p.470

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes Galatians 2:9,10 as "Galatians" in the Institutes of John Cassian book 7.17 p.254

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 4:28 as the Epistle to the Ephesians in Institutes of John Cassian book 10.17 p.272

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes of Philippians 4:15,16 as Philippians in the Institutes of John Cassian book 17.17 p.254

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes Colossians 1:16 as by Paul in Seven Books book 6.21 p.601

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes 1 Thessalonians 4:9-10 as by the Apostle to the Thessalonians in the Institutes of John Cassian book 10.7 p.268

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) refers to 2 Thessalonians 3:16 as the Second Epistle to the Thessalonians in the Institutes of John Cassian book 10.7 p.269

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes 1 Timothy 4:14 and 2 Timothy 1:6 as "To Timothy" in The Third Conference of the Abbot Chaeremon ch.12 p.429

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes Titus 2:11-13 as by Paul in Seven Books book 2.5 p.559

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) refers to Philemon as by Paul in Seven Books book 4.11 p.579

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) refers to Hebrews 13:8 as by the Apostle in Seven Books book 5.6 p.584 and Hebrews 12:22,23 as by the Apostle in the First Conference of the Abbot Moses ch.14 p.302

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes half of James 1:12 in the First Conference of the Abbot Isaac ch.23 p.395

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes half of James 2:13 in the First Conference of the Abbot Isaac ch.22 p.395

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes half of James 1:19 in the First Conference of the Abbot Nesteros ch.9 p.439

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes 1/3 (the last part) of 1 Peter 4:8 as by the Apostle Peter in the Conference of the Abbot Pinufius ch.8 p.499

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) alludes to 2 Peter 2:189 in the Institutes of John Cassian book 5.8 p.238

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes 1 John 1:1-2 as by the Apostle John in Seven Books book 5.6 p.584

John Cassian has nothing in 2 or 3 John

John Cassian (419-430 A.D.) quotes Jude 5 as by the Apostle in Seven Books book 5.9 p.586

John Cassian mentions one of the apostles and quotes Jude 6 in the Second Conference of the Abbot Serenus ch.8 p.378

John Cassian the Semi-Pelagian (419-320 A.D.) quotes Revelation 4:4 as the Holy Apocalypse in the Conference of the Abbot Abraham ch.1 p.531.

 

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Nestorius (451/452 A.D.)

 

Mark Luke 22:43-44; Philippians 2:5,9; Hebrews 3:2

 

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Leo I of Rome (440-461 A.D.)

204 pages unfinished

 

Leo I of Rome (440-461 A.D.) Matthew Letter 31.2 p.44

Leo I of Rome (440-461 A.D.) Luke Letter 31.2 p.44

Leo I of Rome (440-461 A.D.) 1 Peter 1:2 by Peter Letter 28.3 p.42

Leo I of Rome (440-461 A.D.) says 1 John 4:2,3 is by the evangelist John Letter 28.3 p.42. Also 1 John 1:7 by the apostle John in Letter 28.3 p.42

Leo I of Rome (440-461 A.D.) Revelation 3:2 (quote) Letter 108.6 p.79

 

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Prosper Tyro of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.)

~12 pages unfinished

 

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) quotes Matthew 11:25-30 as Holy Scripture

Prosper Tyro of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) refers to Luke 10:22 as by the Lord.

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) says John 15:5; 6:44,66; 5:21 is by the Lord

Prosper Tyro of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) says Acts 10:45 is in the Acts of the Apostles

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) alludes to Romans 9

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) quotes one-fourth of 1 Corinthians 1:31

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) says Galatians 5:6 is by Paul

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) quotes Ephesians 2:8f as by the Apostle

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) quotes Philippians 2:13 as by the Apostle

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) says Colossians 1:12 was by the Apostle

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) quotes half of 2 Thessalonians 3:2

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) refers to 2 Timothy 1:8f as "To Timothy"

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) refers to Titus 3:3-5 as to Titus

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) quotes half of Hebrews 11:6

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) refers to James 1:17 as by the Apostle James.

Prosper of Aquitaine (425-465 A.D.) refers to 1 John 4:10 as by John the Apostle

 

 

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John of Damascus (706-749 A.D.)

 

John of Damascus (706-749 A.D.) "The New Testament contains four gospels, that according to Matthew, that according to Mark, that according to Luke, that according to John: the Acts of the Holy Apostles by Luke the Evangelist: seven Catholic epistles, viz. one of James, two of Peter, three of John, one of Jude: fourteen letters of the Apostle Paul: [including Hebrews], the Revelation of John the Evangelist: the Canons of the Holy Apostles, by Clement." Exposition of the Orthodox Faith ch.17 p.90

 

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John Calvin (A.D.)

 

John Calvin refers to Genesis 49:13-15 as by Moses. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Deuteronomy 33:18 p.396

John Calvin quotes Psalm 38:7 as by David. Commentaries on Daniel Lecture 17 c.4:406 p.249

John Calvin refers to Proverbs 22:7 as by Solomon. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Deuteronomy 28:43 p.255

John Calvin refers to Isaiah 6:6 as in Isaiah. Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Deuteronomy 33:2 p.381

John Calvin refers to Jeremiah 15:10 as by Jeremiah. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Deuteronomy 33:11 p.391

John Calvin refers to Joel 2:28 as by Joel. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Numbers 12:6 p.46

John Calvin refers to Habakkuk 3:3 as by Habakkuk. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Deuteronomy 33:2 p.380

John Calvin refers to Malachi 2:5,6,7,8 as by Malachi. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Deuteronomy 33:10 p.390

John Calvin refers to Romans 12:5 as by Paul. Commentaries on Daniel Lecture 21 ch.4.28-32 p.286

John Calvin refers to Galatians 3:19 as by Paul. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Deuteronomy 33:2 p.381

John Calvin quotes Philippians 2:10 as by Paul. Institutes of the Christian Religion part 2 book 3 ch.5 p.577

John Calvin refers to Colossians 1:5 as "when Paul praises the faith and love of the Colossians" Commentaries on the Epistle to Titus ch.1.2 p.283

John Calvin refers to Hebrews 3:2-6 as by the Apostle [presumably Paul]. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Numbers 12:6 p.46

John Calvin refers to James 2:11 as by James. The Last Four Books of the Pentateuch Numbers 23:18 p.210

John Calvin refers to 1 Peter 1:5 as by Peter. Commentaries on Daniel Lecture 11 ch.2.44-45 p.189

John Calvin refers to 2 Peter 1:13-15 as by Peter. Last Books of the Pentateuch 36:1 p.311

John Calvin quotes 1 John 1:1-2 as by John. Commentaries on the Epistle to Titus ch.1.3 p.286

John Calvin refers to Jude 9 as the Epistle of Jude. Last Books of the Pentateuch 34:5 p.406

John Calvin quotes Revelation as "Scripture" "But far better and more solid comfort is furnished by Scripture when it declares, 'Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord;' and adds the reason, 'for they rest from their labours'" (Revelation 14:13). Institutes of the Christian Religion book 3 ch.5 p.581

John Calvin quotes all of Revelation 5:13 as "in the Apocalypse" Institutes of the Christian Religion part 2 book 3 ch.5 p.578

John Calvin quotes part of Revelation 1:9. Commentary on the Second Epistle to the Corinthians ch.1.5 p.112 and ch.4.12 p.206

John Calvin paraphrases the last part of Revelation 14:4. Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians ch.7.37 p.267

 

 

For Further Reading on When Scripture was Written

 

Bruce, F.F., The Canon of Scripture. IVP, 1988.

Carson, Don. ed. Hermeneutics, Authority, and Canon.

King, David, and William Webster.  Holy Scripture:  The Ground and Pillar of Our Faith.  (3 volumes)  Christian Resources, 2001.  (Extensive quotes from the Early Church fathers showing that they believed in a form of "Sola Scriptura", though not articulated exactly as Luther and Calvin did.)

Kistler, Don. ed. Sola Scriptura:  The Protestant position on the Bible, Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 1995.

Matthison, Keith. The Shape of Sola Scriptura.  Canon Press, 2001.

Sproul, R. C. Scripture Alone. Presbyterian and Reformed, 2005.

White, James. Scripture Alone.  Bethany, 2004.

 

This Preaching of Peter (cf. Clement of Alexandria, Strom. VI. 5, and Lactantius, Inst. IV. 21). It is mentioned twice by Origen (in Johan. XIII. 17, and De Principiis Præf. 8),

 

John G. Nordling in Philemon p.4 says that Jerome, Chrysostom, and Theodore of Mopsuestia specifically defended Philemon being in the canon.

 

Hill, Robert C. Didymus the Blind : Commentary on Zechariah. Catholic University of America Press. 2006

 

Vaggione, Richard Paul. Eunomius The Extant Works. Oxford University Press 1987.

 

Williams, Frank (translator). The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis book 1 (sections 1-46) E.J. Brill 1987 (352 pages)